Ruch Chorzow
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Ruch Chorzow

Ruch Chorzów
Ruch Chorzów.svg
Full nameKlub Sportowy Ruch Chorzów
Nickname(s)Niebiescy (The Blues),
Niebieska eRka (The Blue R),
HKS (from Hajducki Klub Sportowy")
Founded20 April 1920; 100 years ago (1920-04-20)
GroundStadion Miejski w Chorzowie
Capacity9,300[1]
ChairmanSeweryn Siemianowski
Manager?ukasz Bereta
LeagueIII liga
2019-20III liga - Group 3, 3rd
WebsiteClub website

Ruch Chorzów (Polish pronunciation: ['rux 'xuf]) is a Polish association football club based in Chorzów, Upper Silesia. It is one of the most successful football teams in Poland: fourteen-time national champions, and three-time winners of the Polish Cup. Currently the team plays in the Polish Fourth Division. Their stadium capacity is 9,300 seats.[1] For important matches or due to extra interest from the fans they also play at the Stadion ?l?ski [2]. Ruch Chorzów has also had a very successful female handball team (9 times national champions).

History

The club was founded on 20 April 1920 in Bismarkhuta (German Bismarckhütte, historically Hajduki), one of the many heavily industrialised municipalities in the eastern part of Upper Silesia, a disputed province between Poland and Germany. The main incentive was an appeal of the Polish Plebiscite Committee a few months earlier that led to creation of around one hundred sport associations. It took place in between the first and second Silesian Uprisings, to which the name Ruch is a supposed cover reference.[3] The Polish word ruch is however also a common noun for movement, not as strongly associated with Polishness as names of many other clubs established after the appeal (like Polonia, Powstaniec etc.). On the other hand, the club's first match, a 3:1 win against Orze? Józefowiec, was played on 3 May 1920, the day of the first Polish Constitution. After the Upper Silesia plebiscite and the third Silesian Uprising in 1921 Bismarkhuta became part of Poland and the Silesian Voivodeship. The municipality was renamed to Wielkie Hajduki on 1 January 1923,[4] hence the club was known as Ruch Wielkie Hajduki until another merger into the town Chorzów (created in 1934 from amalgamation of Królewska Huta, Chorzów and Hajduki Nowe) in the early 1939, with a short period in 1923 after the fusion with the older local German club Bismarckhütter Ballspiel Club, when it was known as Ruch BBC Wielkie Hajduki. After the merger the team played its games on the former BBC's pitch known as na Kalinie.[5] The popular nickname of the club Niebiescy (The Blues) clung to the team already in the 1920s.[6]

Ruch Wielkie Hajduki, Silesian Vice-Champions in 1924

In autumn of 1920 Ruch won the promotion to the nascent Silesian Klasa A (see also: Lower Level Football Leagues in Interwar Poland). The Blues were third out of fourteen teams in its first season, unfinished due to the third Silesian Uprising. The next year Ruch won the championship of the Silesian Klasa A and represented the region in the 1922 Polish Football Championship. In 1924 the club finished second in the regional top league, behind AKS Królewska Huta, before 1924 considered German and known as Verein für Rasenspiele Königshütte, the first team Ruch had developed a local rivalry with. In 1925 the Silesian Klasa A did not play, instead Stanis?aw Flieger's Cup took place, ultimately won by Ruch, which gave the side a start in the only interwar Polish Cup competition in 1926. On 4 July 1926 Józef Sobota, before 1920 a BBC's player, became the first Ruch's player (and the fourth from Upper Silesia) of the Polish National Team, who also scored a goal (against Estonia). In the same year, two weeks after the national Cup Ruch won for the second time the regional Klasa A, firmly establishing itself as one of the strongest football clubs in this densely populated region and as such it was among the founding clubs of the Polish national league in 1927. In 1933 Ruch won its first Championship as the first side from Silesia, with all the players who were born not further as a few kilometers from the na Kalinie pitch.[7] Thus the first truly golden era began. The local steel mill (since 1934 known as Huta Batory) began to financially support the side. In the winter of 1933 the most noteworthy players such as Edmund Giemsa, Teodor Peterek and Gerard Wodarz were joined by legendary Ernst Wilimowski, bought from 1. FC Kattowitz, who with Peterek and Wodarz were collectively nicknamed the three kings and helped to win another 4 championships (1934, 1935, 1936, 1938). On 1 November 1934 the club, as the last in the league, employed its first coach, Gustav Wieser.[8] The side was also a leader in the unfinished season 1939. The successes rendered the club the most popular in the voivodeship and accelerated building of the new stadium in the years 1934-1935, the current Stadion Miejski.

Ruch in 1938

After the German occupation of Poland in 1939, the club was officially discontinued but unofficially was simply renamed Bismarckhütter SV 99 and joined the Gauliga Oberschlesien in 1941.[9] The club was officially re-established after the war. In 1947 Ruch won the regional championships. In 1948, under communist pressure (Stalinisation), the club was renamed Unia Chorzów, in 1955 it became Unia-Ruch, and finally in 1956 returned to the name Ruch. As Unia the club finished third in the first season of the reactivated national league in 1948 and in 1950 as the second team. In 1951 the club won the reactivated Polish Cup edition and were rewarded with the title of the National Champions (even though they were only sixth in the league). The next two years the club also won the title, first in 1952 after final against Polonia Bytom, another local bitter rival, and in 1953 after finishing the league on the top position. The most renowned player of that era was Gerard Cie?lik, who dedicated his whole life to the club and became its icon.

Ruch in 1968

The years 1957-1966 are considered a lost decade, completely overshadowed by the successes of the new biggest regional rival, Górnik Zabrze, even though the club won the championships in 1960. A record of its kind in the national football history as the team consisted of only 14 players, 11 of whom originated in the town of Chorzów. The turn of the tide came in the season 1967/68 when Ruch won the 10th championship title breaking Górnik Zabrze's streak of five consecutive titles. Another golden era for the Blues arrived in the early 1970s with Michal Vi?an as a coach. In 1972/73 the club finished second, in 1973/73 they won the only double in the history (the championship and the cup) and advanced up to the quarter-finals of the UEFA Cup. In 1974/75 they again won the league and qualified to the quarter-finals of the European Cup. The most praised players of that times were Bronis?aw Bula, Zygmunt Maszczyk and Joachim Marx.

These successes were followed by a bad financial plight and mediocre results until 1978/79, when the club won its 13th Championship title. In the 1980s the club was one of the poorest in the national league. The worst came in the season 1986/87, when the club, the only one in the country which so far played all the seasons of the official national top league, was relegated to the second tier. Especially shifty were the circumstances of the relegation decider, against Lechia Gda?sk, when Ruch's goalkeeper Janusz Jojko scored an infamous and bizarre own goal and the club lost the game 1:2.[10] After one year Ruch returned to the top flight as winners of the seconed league and won the 14th Championship title, as the second freshly-promoted club in the national history (the first was Cracovia in 1937), a feat, especially as it was still one of the poorest clubs in the top tier and over half of the players were home-grown,[11] including e.g. Dariusz G?sior and the most renowned Krzysztof Warzycha, who was also, with 24 goals, the top scorer of the season.

After the political turnover in Poland in 1989 Ruch did not fare well for the first two seasons. The money from the transfer of Krzysztof Warzycha to Panathinaikos A.O. finished quickly. The team began to compete with the top teams first in 1991/92 finishing in the fifth spot, fourth the next year, furthermore the second team (Ruch II) reached the Polish cup final. Ruch was demoted for the second time in the history in the season 1994/95. As before the stay in the second tier lasted one season. While playing in the second league Ruch won its third Polish Cup trophy. In 1998 Ruch reached the final of the UEFA Intertoto Cup and in the season 1999/2000 finished third in the league. The crisis came in 2002/2003 when the club was relegated from the top tier for the third time and in the next season was for the first time in history in danger of being demoted to the third tier, however the club won the relegation play-offs against Stal Rzeszów (1:1, 2:0). In 2005 the club was restructured as spó?ka akcyjna. The Blues won the promotion to the top flight in the season 2006/2007. In 2009 the side reached Polish Cup final, the next year The Blues finished third in the league. The best season in the recent history was 2011/2012 when Ruch was vice-champion (only 1 point behind the champions, ?l?sk Wroc?aw) and reached the final of the national cup (lost 0:3 against Legia Warsaw).

Achievements

  • Polish championship
    • Winners (14): 1933, 1934, 1935, 1936, 1938, 1951,[n 1] 1952, 1953, 1960, 1968, 1974, 1975, 1979, 1989
  • ^ (In 1951 Wis?a Kraków was league champion, however, the Polish Championship title was awarded to the Cup winners, Ruch Chorzów.)
  • Current squad

    As of 3 October 2018.[12]

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

    No. Pos. Nation Player
    1 GK Poland POL Adam Wilk (on loan from KS Cracovia)
    2 DF Poland POL Gracjan Komarnicki
    4 DF Poland POL Mateusz Machala
    5 DF Poland POL Dominik Ma?kowski
    7 MF Poland POL Bart?omiej Wdowik
    8 MF Poland POL Patryk Sikora
    9 FW Poland POL Mateusz Majewski
    10 MF Poland POL Mateusz Bogusz
    11 FW Poland POL Tomasz Podgórski
    14 DF Poland POL Mateusz Bartolewski
    16 MF Poland POL Micha? Walski
    17 MF Poland POL Maciej Urba?czyk
    18 MF Slovakia SVK Luká? ?uri?ka (on loan from Raków Cz?stochowa)
    No. Pos. Nation Player
    24 FW Poland POL Wojciech K?dziora
    27 FW Poland POL Bartosz Nowakowski
    31 GK Poland POL Dominik Byszewski
    32 MF Poland POL Robert Obst
    33 FW Poland POL Piotr Giel (on loan from GKS Tychy)
    34 FW Poland POL Artur Balicki
    71 DF Poland POL Lukasz Jaworek
    73 DF Poland POL Bart?omiej Kulejewski
    82 GK Poland POL Jakub Bielecki
    87 FW Poland POL Kewin Paszek
    94 GK Poland POL Kamil Lech
    -- MF Ukraine UKR Pavlo Myahkov
    -- FW Poland POL Pawe? Mandrysz

    Out on loan

    Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

    No. Pos. Nation Player
    -- DF Poland POL Pawe? Starzy?ski (at Gwarek Tarnowskie Góry until 30 June 2019)
    -- DF Poland POL Micha? Rutkowski (at Sola Oswiecim until 30 June 2019)
    No. Pos. Nation Player
    -- FW Poland POL Karol Wiszynski (at Szombierki Bytom until 30 June 2019)
    -- GK Poland POL Kewin Paszek (at Stal Brzeg until 30 June 2019)

    Managerial history

    [13]

     
    Name From To
    Austria Gustav Wieser Oct 1934 July 1935
    Gunther Ringer Aug 1936 Nov 1937
    Hungary Ferenc Fogl June 1938 Jan 1939
    Hungary Péter Szabó Jan 1939 July 1939
    Czechoslovakia Franti?ek Dembický Jan 1948 Dec 1948
    Poland Gerard Wodarz July 1949 Dec 1949
    Poland Ryszard Koncewicz Jan 1950 June 1952
    Poland Ewald Cebula July 1952 June 1954
    Adam Niemiec July 1954 Dec 1956
    Miko?aj Beljung Feb 1957 Oct 1957
    Poland Czes?aw Suszczyk Oct 1957 Dec 1957
    Hungary Janos Steiner Jan 1958 Dec 1958
    Poland Ewald Cebula Jan 1959 Dec 1959
    Hungary Janos Steiner Jan 1960 May 1960
    Poland Ewald Cebula May 1960 June 1960
    Hungary Lajos Szolár June 1960 Dec 1960
    Poland Gerard Wodarz Jan 1961 April 1961
    Poland Gerard Cie?lik April 1961 July 1961
    Hungary Sándor Tátrai July 1961 Oct 1963
    Poland Franciszek Tim Oct 1963 Nov 1963
    Poland Augustyn Dziwisz Dec 1963 Sept 1964
    Poland Artur Wo?niak Sept 1964 June 1966
    Poland Teodor Wieczorek July 1966 April 1969
    Poland Eugeniusz Pohl
    Poland Hubert Pala
    May 1969 June 1969
    Jerzy Nikiel July 1969 Nov 1969
    Poland Tadeusz Fory? Dec 1969 June 1971
    Poland Hubert Pala June 1971 June 1971
    Czechoslovakia Michal Vi?an July 1971 April 1976
    Poland Rudolf Kapera April 1976 June 1976
    Czechoslovakia Frantisek Havranek July 1976 Oct 1977
    Poland Teodor Wieczorek Oct 1977 June 1978
    Poland Leszek Jezierski June 1978 Nov 1980
     
    Name From To
    Poland Antoni Piechniczek Nov 1980 Jan 1981
    Józef Zwierzyna Jan 1981 Sept 1981
    Poland Piotr Czaja Sept 1981 May 1982
    Poland Orest Lenczyk 1 July 1982 1 Feb 1984
    Poland Alojzy ?ysko Feb 1984 Dec 1984
    Poland W?adys?aw Jan ?muda 1 Jan 1985 1 May 1987
    Poland Jacek Góralczyk April 1987 May 1987
    Jacek Machci?ski May 1987 July 1987
    Poland Jerzy Wyrobek 1 July 1987 1 July 1990
    Poland Zdzis?aw Podedworny July 1990 March 1991
    Poland Edward Lorens 1 April 1991 1 May 1994
    Poland Albin Wira 3 May 1994 4 May 1995
    Poland Jerzy Wyrobek 5 May 1995 23 Sept 1996
    Poland Orest Lenczyk 24 Sept 1996 23 March 1999
    Poland Edward Lorens 23 March 1999 30 June 2000
    Poland Jan ?urek 1 July 2000 21 Aug 2000
    Poland Jan Rudnow Aug 2000 Dec 2000
    Poland Bogus?aw Pietrzak 1 Dec 2000 11 April 2002
    Poland Orest Lenczyk 11 April 2002 9 Oct 2002
    Poland Piotr Mandrysz 10 Oct 2002 30 June 2003
    Poland Jerzy Wyrobek 1 July 2003 5 May 2005
    Poland Dariusz Fornalak 5 May 2005 22 Nov 2005
    Poland Edward Lorens 22 Nov 2005 27 Nov 2005
    Poland Marek Wlecia?owski 28 Nov 2005 15 June 2007
    Slovakia Dusan Radolsky 15 June 2007 10 Sept 2008
    Poland Bogus?aw Pietrzak 10 Sept 2008 27 April 2009
    Poland Waldemar Fornalik 27 April 2009 10 July 2012
    Poland Tomasz Fornalik 12 July 2012 5 Sept 2012
    Poland Jacek Zielinski 5 Sept 2012 16 Sept 2013
    Poland Dariusz Fornalak (int.) 16 Sept 2013 18 Sept 2013
    Slovakia Ján Kocian 18 Sept 2013 6 Oct 2014
    Poland Waldemar Fornalik 7 Oct 2014 22 Apr 2017
    Poland Krzysztof Warzycha 24 Apr 2017 10 Sep 2017
    Argentina Juan Ramón Rocha 10 Sep 2017 5 Apr 2018
    Poland Dariusz Fornalak 5 Apr 2018 1 Nov 2018
    Poland Marek Wlecia?owski 1 Nov 2018

    Ruch in Europe

    Supporters and rivalries

    Derby against Górnik Zabrze (2008)

    Ruch's popularity exploded in the 1930s and remained strong up to this date, especially in Upper Silesia. A specific subculture of szalikowcy (the name derived from szalik - scarf) developed in the 1970s, as elsewhere in the country, but in the region only after it first appeared among the fans of Polonia Bytom.[14] There are also hooligans (Psycho Fans, formed in the mid 1990s) and ultras (,,Nucleo Ultra '03" from 2003, replaced by ,,Ultras Niebiescy", formed in 2008).

    Expressions of Upper Silesian identity are often displayed with golden-blue flagues, on banners (like controversial "Oberschlesien",[15][16] now banned, or ,,To my Naród ?l?ski"[17] - It's us - Silesian Nation) or in chants.

    Ruch's supporters maintain friendships with fans of Widzew ?ód? (since 2005), Elana Toru?, Atlético Madrid.[18] The biggest animosity is held against followers Górnik Zabrze (The Great Silesian Derby), GKS Katowice, Polonia Bytom (the oldest Silesian derby[19][20]), Zagbie Sosnowiec, Legia Warszawa, Lech Pozna?.[14]

    Notable individual supporters of Ruch are, among others:

    Notable former players

    Notes

    1. ^ a b Stadion Miejski (Chorzów) at ruchchorzow.com.pl
    2. ^ "Stadion ?l?ski">[1]
    3. ^ Andrzej Gowarzewski, 1995, p. 15
    4. ^ Jacek Kurek, Historia Wielkich Hajduk, Chorzów Batory-Wielkie Hajduki 2001, p. 11.
    5. ^ O powstaniu KS Ruch i boisku na Kalinie, Chorzowianin nr 22 (398) z 28.05.2008, p. 19-20. See also Jacek Kurek, Historia Wielkich Hajduk, Chorzów Batory-Wielkie Hajduki 2001, p. 105, 119; Encyklopedia pi?karska FUJI, kolekcja klubów, tom I: Ruch Chorzów, Andrzej Gowarzewski, Katowice 1995; p. 19.
    6. ^ Encyklopedia pi?karska FUJI, kolekcja klubów, tom I: Ruch Chorzów, Andrzej Gowarzewski, Katowice 1995; p. 12.
    7. ^ Analiza miejsc urodzenia pi?karzy na podstawie biogramów zamieszczonych w Encyklopedii pi?karskiej FUJI, kolekcja klubów, tom I: Ruch Chorzów, Andrzej Gowarzewski, Katowice 1995.
    8. ^ Encyklopedia pi?karska FUJI, kolekcja klubów, tom I: Ruch Chorzów, Andrzej Gowarzewski, Katowice 1995; p. 43.
    9. ^ Ruch Chorzów profile Albion Road, accessed: 15 April 2009
    10. ^ Murray, Scott (23 October 2007). "The Joy of Six: own goals". Guardian.co.uk.
    11. ^ O tytu? mistrza, p. 146
    12. ^ "Pierwsza dru?yna" (in Polish). Ruch Chorzów. Retrieved 2015.
    13. ^ Encyklopedia pi?karska FUJI, kolekcja klubów, tom I: Ruch Chorzów, Andrzej Gowarzewski, Katowice 1995; s. 66
    14. ^ a b "Historia kibiców" (in Polish).
    15. ^ "Oberschlesien. Ta flaga powinna wisie? czy nie?" (in Polish). 14 September 2009. Retrieved 2016.
    16. ^ "Kontrowersje wokó? flagi z napisem "Oberschlesien"" (in Polish). 11 September 2009. Retrieved 2016.
    17. ^ "Flaga To My Naród ?l?ski na meczu w Warszawie. PZPN odpowiada" (in Polish). Retrieved 2016.
    18. ^ "Przyjaciele [Friends]" (in Polish).
    19. ^ "Informacje z woj. ?l?skiego". tvs.pl. Retrieved 2015.
    20. ^ "Polonia Bytom - Ruch Chorzów: Najstarsze derby ?l?ska zdecyduj? kto b?dzie wiceliderem Ekstraklasy - Zapowiedzi meczów". PrzegladSportowy.pl. Retrieved 2015.
    21. ^ Dlaczego pseudokibice wyzywaj? si? od ,,?ydów"?
    22. ^ https://slaskie.naszemiasto.pl/wywiad-z-jerzym-buzkiem-kopanie-pilki-na-podworku-w/ar/c2-808616
    23. ^ Ruch Chorzów.
    24. ^ Mistrz Holoubek trzyma? z Ruchem Chorzów - e-teatr.pl.
    25. ^ ?wir Roku to zapalony kibic Ruchu Chorzów.
    26. ^ a b Kibice Ruchu Wojciech Kilar i Jan Miodek o spadku?niebieskich?
    27. ^ Ta trudna sztuka pi?ki no?nej > ESEJE 2.0.
    28. ^ Fenomen Wielkich Derbów ?l?ska.
    29. ^ Powstaje film o kibicach Ruchu, bo to dobra rodzina.
    30. ^ Wprost 24 - Wencel gordyjski - Schizofrenia kibica

    References

    • Gowarzewski Andrzej; G?yk Wioletta (2000). O tytu? mistrza Polski 1920-2000 (in Polish). GiA, Katowice. ISBN 83-88232-02-9.
    • Gowarzewski Andrzej; Waloszek Joachim (1995). Ruch Chorzów: 75 lat "Niebieskich" (in Polish). GiA, Katowice. ISBN 83-902751-3-9.
    • Bagier Tadeusz; Dutkowski Zbigniew; Kraszkiewicz Miros?aw (1970). Pidziesi?t lat Klubu Sportowego "Ruch" Chorzów (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Artystyczno-Graficzne Chorzów.
    • Gorzelany Franciszek; Miklica Bogus?aw; et al. (1960). 40-lecie Klubu Sportowego "Ruch" Chorzów (in Polish). Wydawnictwo "Prasa" Katowice.
    • Collective work under Henryk Rechowicz editorial (1994). Z najnowszych dziejów kultury fizycznej i turystyki (in Polish). Wydawnictwo AWF Katowice.
    • Collective work (2000). 80 lat OZPN [Okr?gowego Zwi?zku Pi?ki No?nej] Katowice: 1920-2000 (in Polish). GiA, Katowice. ISBN 83-88232-03-7.
    • Kurek Jacek (2001). Historia Wielkich Hajduk (in Polish). Zwi?zek Górno?l?ski. Ko?o "Wielkie Hajduki", Rococo Chorzów-Batory. ISBN 83-86293-29-2.
    • Gowarzewski Andrzej (2001). Bia?o-czerwoni : pi?karska reprezentacja Polski 1921-2001 : ludzie mecze fakty daty (in Polish). GiA, Katowice. ISBN 83-88232-08-8.
    • Gowarzewski Andrzej; Waloszek Joachim (1996). 75 lat OZPN [Okr?gowego Zwi?zku Pi?ki No?nej] Katowice: 1920-1995, ludzie, historia, fakty (in Polish). GiA, Katowice. ISBN 83-902751-7-1.
    • Czapli?ski Marek (red.) (2002). Historia ?l?ska (in Polish). Wydawnictwo Uniwersytetu Wroc?awskiego, Wroc?aw. ISBN 83-229-2213-2.

    External links


      This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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