Volunteer Army Insignia
|Branch|| White army|
White Air Forces
|Size||1,023,000 during May 1919|
|Engagements||Russian Civil War|
|Supreme Commander-in-Chief||Alexander Kolchak|
|Commander-in-Chief of Northwestern Army (Russia)||Nikolai Yudenich|
|Commander-in-Chief of Armed Forces of South Russia||Anton Denikin|
|Commander-in-Chief of Army of Wrangel||Pyotr Vrangel|
The Russian Army (? , Russkaya armiya) is the armed forces of the White movement, united on an all-Russian scale in 1919 under the sole formal command of the Supreme Commander-in-Chief of all the armed forces of the Russian state Admiral Alexander Kolchak.
On November 18, 1918, with the proclamation of the Minister of War, Alexander Kolchak, the Supreme leader of Russia, who assumed the supreme command of all the land and naval forces of Russia, the White army was substantially reorganized.
Admiral Kolchak was recognized as the supreme leader of Russia by all the commanders-in-chief of the white armies both in the south and west of Russia, and in Siberia and the Far East; at the turn of May - June 1919, generals Anton Denikin, Evgeny Miller, Nikolay Yudenich voluntarily submitted to Kolchak and officially recognized his Supreme High Command over all armies in Russia. The Supreme Commander at the same time confirmed the powers of commanders. By order of the Supreme Governor, Miller and Yudenich received the status of Governor-general. In his subordination were the Armed Forces of South Russia, led by the Deputy Supreme Commander General Anton Denikin, the Eastern, Northern and Northwestern Fronts, as well as the naval forces and the military representation of Russia abroad.
The name "Russian Army" was affirmed as the unification of all the white fronts, the status of the front commanders formally from the commander-in-chief was given to the commanders of the Northern and North-Western armies, Generals Nikolai Yudenich and Anatoly Miller.
At various times, the Russian army was represented by the following armed formations:
In the north
In the South
|o Volunteer Army (January 1918)
|o Don Army (April 1918)
|o Armed Forces of South Russia (January 1919)
|o Army of Wrangel (May 1920)|
In the East
|o People's Army of the Committee of Members of the Constituent Assembly (June 1918)
|o Siberian Army (June 1918)
|o Eastern Front of the Russian Civil War (September 1918)
|o Far Eastern Army (April 1920)
|o White Rebel Army (1921)
|o Zemskaya Rat (1922)|
In Central Asia
|o Turkestan military organization (February 1918)|
|o Turkestan Army (April 1919)|
|o Peasant Army of Fergana (June 1919)|
The structure of the created united army assumed the creation of:
The management data of the Red Army about the size of the Russian army (1919), referring to the period of the most powerful bloom of the white movement, by May-June 1919, show that during this period the number of combat units of regular white armies did not exceed 682.0 thousand people. With the service personnel of the rear administrations, garrisons, headquarters, sanitary-medical military organizations and other militarized structures, this number of paramilitary population for whites should be raised by approximately 50% and thus brought up to 1,023.0 thousand people.