Ryazan Oblast
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Ryazan Oblast
Ryazan Oblast
?
Flag of Ryazan Oblast
Flag
Coat of arms of Ryazan Oblast
Coat of arms
Anthem: none[3]
Map of Russia - Ryazan Oblast.svg
Coordinates: 54°24?N 40°36?E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600Coordinates: 54°24?N 40°36?E / 54.400°N 40.600°E / 54.400; 40.600
CountryRussia
Federal districtCentral[1]
Economic regionCentral[2]
EstablishedSeptember 26, 1937[4]
Administrative centerRyazan
Government
 o BodyOblast Duma[5]
 o Governor[5]Nikolay Lyubimov[6]
Area
 o Total39,600 km2 (15,300 sq mi)
Area rank58th
Population
(2010 Census)[8]
 o Total1,154,114
 o Estimate 
(2018)[9]
1,121,474 (-2.8%)
 o Rank45th
 o Density29/km2 (75/sq mi)
 o Urban
70.9%
 o Rural
29.1%
Time zoneUTC+3 (MSK Edit this on Wikidata[10])
ISO 3166 codeRU-RYA
License plates62
OKTMO ID61000000
Official languagesRussian[11]
Websitehttp://www.ryazangov.ru

Ryazan Oblast (Russian: ? , tr. Ryazanskaya oblast, IPA: [r'zansk?j? 'obl?s?t?]) is a federal subject of Russia (an oblast). Its administrative center is the city of Ryazan, which is the oblast's largest city. Population: 1,154,114 (2010 Census).[8]

Geography

Ryazan Oblast borders Vladimir Oblast (N), Nizhny Novgorod Oblast (NE), the Republic of Mordovia (E), Penza Oblast (SE), Tambov Oblast (S), Lipetsk Oblast (SW), Tula Oblast (W), and Moscow Oblast (NW).

In terms of physical geography, Ryazan Oblast lies in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with a highest point of no more than 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black-earths (chernozyom).

Hydrography

The Oka River near Konstantinovo in Rybnovsky District of Ryazan Oblast

Most of the Ryazan Oblast lies within the Volga basin, with the Oka the principal river of the area.

History

Human occupation of the area of the Ryazan Oblast dates from at least the Upper Paleolithic period. East Slavs, Volga Finnic, Tatar tribes inhabited the area and merged into an ethnos, a process virtually completed by the 13th century CE. In 830 the Ryazan area became part of Rus' Khaganate.

Later the Ryazan area became part of the Kievan Rus' political system, and came under the domination of the Principality of Chernigov (founded in 988). The Principality of Ryazan operated as a separate entity from 1097 to 1521, when the area became part of the Grand Duchy of Moscow, though with the Qasim Khanate district retaining some autonomy until the 1550s.

The Ryazan Governorate became separate from the Moscow Governorate in 1796. The present-day Ryazan Oblast, formed out of the Moscow and Voronezh oblasts, dates from 1937.

Administrative divisions

Economy

Ryazan Oblast is a part of the Central economic region. The oblast is in an economically favorable geographical location owing to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agrarian Oblast. The foundations of agriculture in the oblast are livestock farming and plant cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the oblast.

Transportation

Demographics

Population: ;[8];[12].[13]

2012
  • Births: 12 351 (10.8 per 1000)
  • Deaths: 18 723 (16.3 per 1000)[14]
  • Total fertility rate:[15]
    • 2009 - 1.42 | 2010 - 1.44 | 2011 - 1.45 | 2012 - 1.54 | 2013 - 1.55 | 2014 - 1.60 | 2015 - 1.64 | 2016 - 1.70(e)

Ethnic composition (2010):[8]

  • Russians - 95.1%
  • Ukrainians - 0.8%
  • Armenians - 0.5%
  • Mordvins - 0.5%
  • Tatars - 0.5%
  • Azeris - 0.4%
  • Uzbeks - 0.3%
  • Others - 1.9%
  • 74,419 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.[16]

Religion

Religion in Ryazan Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)[17][18]
Russian Orthodoxy
63%
Other Orthodox
1%
Other Christians
3.2%
Islam
1%
Rodnovery and other native faiths
0.6%
Spiritual but not religious
15.3%
Atheism and irreligion
8.9%
Other and undeclared
7%

According to a 2012 survey[17] 63% of the population of Ryazan Oblast adheres to the Russian Orthodox Church, 3% are unaffiliated generic Christians, 1% are Orthodox Christian believers without belonging to church or belonging to non-Russian Orthodox churches, 1% are Muslims, and 1% are adherents of the Rodnovery (Slavic native faith) movement. In addition, 15% of the population declares to be "spiritual but not religious", 9% is atheist, and 7% follows other religions or did not give an answer to the question.[17]

See also

References

Notes

  1. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No. 20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  2. ^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
  3. ^ Article 7 of the Charter of Ryazan Oblast states that the oblast may have an anthem, providing a law is adopted to that effect. As of 2015, no such law is in place. The Symbols section on the Ryazan Oblast's official website also does not include an anthem.
  4. ^ Resolution of September 26, 1937
  5. ^ a b Charter of Ryazan Oblast, Article 27
  6. ^ Official website of Ryazan Oblast. ? ? ? (in Russian)
  7. ^ ? (Federal State Statistics Service) (May 21, 2004). "?, ?, ? ? ? ? ? (Territory, Number of Districts, Inhabited Localities, and Rural Administration by Federal Subjects of the Russian Federation)". ? 2002 ? (All-Russia Population Census of 2002) (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  9. ^ "26. ? ? 1 2018 ?". Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2019.
  10. ^ " ? ?". - ? (in Russian). June 3, 2011. Retrieved 2019.
  11. ^ Official throughout the Russian Federation according to Article 68.1 of the Constitution of Russia.
  12. ^ Russian Federal State Statistics Service (May 21, 2004). " , ? ? ? ?, ?, , ? ? - ? ? ? ? ? ? 3  ? ?" [Population of Russia, Its Federal Districts, Federal Subjects, Districts, Urban Localities, Rural Localities--Administrative Centers, and Rural Localities with Population of Over 3,000] (XLS). ? 2002 ? [All-Russia Population Census of 2002] (in Russian).
  13. ^ "? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
  14. ^ http://www.gks.ru/free_doc/2012/demo/edn12-12.htm
  15. ^ http://www.gks.ru/wps/wcm/connect/rosstat_main/rosstat/ru/statistics/publications/catalog/doc_1137674209312
  16. ^ http://www.perepis-2010.ru/news/detail.php?ID=6936
  17. ^ a b c "Arena: Atlas of Religions and Nationalities in Russia". Sreda, 2012.
  18. ^ 2012 Arena Atlas Religion Maps. "Ogonek", No 34 (5243), 27/08/2012. Retrieved 21/04/2017. Archived.

Sources

  • ?. No115- 18 2005 ?. « ( ) ?», ? . No102-  28 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ( ) ?». ? ? ?  ? (22 2005 ?.). : " ", No251-252, 22 2005 ?. (Ryazan Oblast Duma. #115-OZ November 18, 2005 Charter (Basic Law) of Ryazan Oblast, as amended by the Law #102-OZ of December 28, 2015 On Amending the Charter (Basic Law) of Ryazan Oblast. Effective as of the day of official publication (November 22, 2005).).
  • ? ?. ?  26 1937 ?. «? ? ? ? , ? ? ?». (Central Executive Committee of the USSR. Resolution of September 26, 1937 On Splitting Moscow Oblast into Tula, Ryazan, and Moscow Oblasts. ).


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