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In terms of physical geography, Ryazan Oblast lies in the central part of the Russian Plain between the Central Russian and Volga uplands. The terrain is flat, with a highest point of no more than 300 m above sea level. Soils are podzolic and boggy on the left bank of the Oka, changing southward to more fertile podzolic and leached black-earths (chernozyom).
Most of the Ryazan Oblast lies within the Volga basin, with the Oka the principal river of the area.
Human occupation of the area of the Ryazan Oblast dates from at least the Upper Paleolithic period. East Slavs, Volga Finnic, Tatar tribes inhabited the area and merged into an ethnos, a process virtually completed by the 13th century CE. In 830 the Ryazan area became part of Rus' Khaganate.
Ryazan Oblast is a part of the Central economic region. The oblast is in an economically favorable geographical location owing to the water and land routes that pass through it and provide stable domestic and foreign economic ties. It is considered both an industrial and agrarian Oblast. The foundations of agriculture in the oblast are livestock farming and plant cultivation. Livestock farming specializes in raising and fattening cattle and breeding pigs, sheep, and poultry. Beekeeping is also well developed in the oblast.
74,419 people were registered from administrative databases, and could not declare an ethnicity. It is estimated that the proportion of ethnicities in this group is the same as that of the declared group.
Religion in Ryazan Oblast as of 2012 (Sreda Arena Atlas)
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^ ? . No 024-95 27 ? 1995 ?. « ? ? . 2. ? », ? . No5/2001 ?. (Gosstandart of the Russian Federation. #OK 024-95 December 27, 1995 Russian Classification of Economic Regions. 2. Economic Regions, as amended by the Amendment #5/2001 OKER. ).
^"? 1989 ?. ? ? ? , ? ? ?, , , ?, ? -?" [All Union Population Census of 1989: Present Population of Union and Autonomous Republics, Autonomous Oblasts and Okrugs, Krais, Oblasts, Districts, Urban Settlements, and Villages Serving as District Administrative Centers]. ? 1989 ? [All-Union Population Census of 1989] (in Russian). ? ? : [Institute of Demography at the National Research University: Higher School of Economics]. 1989 – via Demoscope Weekly.
?. No115- 18 2005 ?. « ( ) ?», ? . No102- 28 ? 2015 ?. «? ? ( ) ?». ? ? ? ? (22 2005 ?.). : " ", No251-252, 22 2005 ?. (Ryazan Oblast Duma. #115-OZ November 18, 2005 Charter (Basic Law) of Ryazan Oblast, as amended by the Law #102-OZ of December 28, 2015 On Amending the Charter (Basic Law) of Ryazan Oblast. Effective as of the day of official publication (November 22, 2005).).
? ?. ? 26 1937 ?. «? ? ? ? , ? ? ?». (Central Executive Committee of the USSR. Resolution of September 26, 1937 On Splitting Moscow Oblast into Tula, Ryazan, and Moscow Oblasts. ).