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Sacramento County, California
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Sacramento County, California

Sacramento County, California
County of Sacramento
Sacramento Capitol.jpg
Tower Bridge Sacramento edit.jpg
SuttersFort2002.jpg
Locke p1080790.jpg
FolsomPowerHouse.jpg
Flag of Sacramento County, California
Flag
Official seal of Sacramento County, California
Seal
Location in the State of California
Location in the State of California
California's location in the US
California's location in the US
Country United States
State California
RegionSacramento Valley
Metro areaGreater Sacramento
IncorporatedFebruary 18, 1850[1]
Named forThe capital city of Sacramento, which is named for the Sacrament of the Holy Eucharist
County seat (and largest city)Sacramento
Government
 o TypeCouncil-manager
 o BodyBoard of Supervisors
 o Board of Supervisors
 o County ExecutiveNavdeep S. Gill
Area
 o Total994 sq mi (2,570 km2)
 o Land965 sq mi (2,500 km2)
 o Water29 sq mi (80 km2)
Population
 o Total1,418,788
 o Estimate 
(2018)[3]
1,540,975
 o Density1,400/sq mi (550/km2)
Time zoneUTC−8 (Pacific Standard Time)
 o Summer (DST)UTC−7 (Pacific Daylight Time)
FIPS code06-067
Websitewww.saccounty.net
Sacramento

Sacramento County is a county in the U.S. state of California, State of the United States. As of the 2010 census, the population was 1,418,788.[2] Its county seat is Sacramento,[4] which has been the state capital of California since 1854.

Sacramento County is the central county of the Greater Sacramento metropolitan area. The county covers about 994 square miles (2,570 km2) in the northern portion of the Central Valley, on into Gold Country. Sacramento County extends from the low delta lands between the Sacramento River and San Joaquin River, including Suisun Bay, north to about ten miles (16 km) beyond the State Capitol and east into the foothills of the Sierra Nevada Mountains. The southernmost portion of Sacramento County has direct access to San Francisco Bay.

History

Sacramento County was one of the original counties of California, which were created in 1850 at the time of statehood.

The county was named after the Sacramento River, which forms its western border. The river was named by Spanish cavalry officer Gabriel Moraga for the Santisimo Sacramento (Most Holy Sacrament), referring to the Catholic Eucharist.

Alexander Hamilton Willard, a member of the Lewis and Clark Expedition, is buried in the old Franklin Cemetery.

Geography

According to the U.S. Census Bureau, the county has a total area of 994 square miles (2,570 km2), of which 965 square miles (2,500 km2) is land and 29 square miles (75 km2) (3.0%) is water.[5] Most of the county is at an elevation close to sea level, with some areas below sea level. The highest point in the county is Carpenter Hill at 828 feet (252 m), in the southeast part of Folsom. Major watercourses in the county include the American River, Sacramento River, Cosumnes River, a tributary of the Mokelumne River, and Dry Creek, a tributary of the Sacramento River.

Adjacent counties

National protected areas

Demographics

2011

Places by population, ethnicity, and income

2010

The 2010 United States Census reported that Sacramento County had a population of 1,418,788. The racial makeup of Sacramento County was 815,151 (57.5%) White, 200,228 (15.4%) African American, 14,308 (1.0%) Native American, 203,211 (14.3%) Asian, 13,858 (1.0%) Pacific Islander, 131,691 (9.3%) from other races, and 93,511 (6.6%) from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 306,196 persons (21.6%).[18]

2000

As of the census[19] of 2000, there were 1,223,499 people, 453,602 households, and 297,562 families residing in the county. The population density was 1,267 people per square mile (489/km2). There were 474,814 housing units at an average density of 492/sq mi (190/km2). The racial makeup of the county was 64.0% White, 10.6% Black or African American, 1.09% Native American, 13.5% Asian, 0.6% Pacific Islander, 7.5% from other races, and 5.8% from two or more races. 19.3% of the population were Hispanic or Latino of any race. 10.2% were of German, 7.0% English, 6.7% Irish and 5.1% American ancestry according to Census 2000. 75.7% spoke only English at home; 10.0% spoke Spanish, 1.5% Hmong, 1.4% Chinese or Mandarin, 1.3% Vietnamese, 1.2% Tagalog and 1.2% Russian.

There were 453,602 households out of which 33.7% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 46.4% were married couples living together, 14.1% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.4% were non-families. 26.7% of all households were made up of individuals and 8.0% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.64 and the average family size was 3.24.

In the county, the population was spread out with 27.6% under the age of 18, 9.5% from 18 to 24, 31.0% from 25 to 44, 20.9% from 45 to 64, and 11.1% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 34 years. For every 100 females, there were 95.9 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 92.5 males.

The median income for a household in the county was $43,816, and the median income for a family was $50,717. Males had a median income of $39,482 versus $31,569 for females. The per capita income for the county was $21,142. About 10.3% of families and 14.1% of the population were below the poverty line, including 20.2% of those under age 18 and 6.6% of those age 65 or over.

Government and policing

Government

The Government of Sacramento County is defined and authorized under the California Constitution, California law, and the Charter of the County of Sacramento.[20] Much of the Government of California is in practice the responsibility of county governments such as the Government of Sacramento County, while municipalities such as the city of Sacramento and Folsom provide additional, often non-essential services.

It is composed of the elected five-member Board of Supervisors, several other elected offices including the Sheriff, District Attorney, and Assessor, and numerous county departments and entities under the supervision of the County Executive Officer. In addition, several entities of the government of California have jurisdiction conterminous with Sacramento County, such as the Sacramento County Superior Court.

Under its foundational Charter, the five-member elected Sacramento County Board of Supervisors (BOS) is the county legislature. The board operates in a legislative, executive, and quasi-judicial capacity. The current members are:

The Sacramento County Code is the codified law of Sacramento County in the form of local ordinances passed by the Board of Supervisors.

Policing

The Sacramento County Sheriff provides court protection and jail management for the entire county. It provides patrol and detective services for the unincorporated areas of the county. Incorporated municipalities within the county that have their own municipal police departments or contract with the Sacramento County sheriff for their policing are: Elk Grove, 170,000, municipal department; Citrus Heights, 88,000, municipal department; Folsom, 78,000, municipal department; Isleton, sheriff contract; Rancho Cordova, 73,000, sheriff contract; Galt, population 26,000, municipal department.

Politics

Voter registration

Cities by population and voter registration

Overview

Sacramento County was politically competitive in most presidential elections between 1952-2004, but now votes significantly in favor of the Democratic candidates. Candidates from the Democratic Party have carried the county in the past seven presidential elections, and have won a majority of the county's votes thrice during that time (in 2008, 2012 and 2016). The city of Sacramento is strongly Democratic, while rural areas are strongly Republican; suburban areas are more divided. This pattern is also present in congressional and state legislative elections. The last Republican presidential candidate to win a majority in the county was George H.W. Bush in 1988.

Presidential elections results

Conversely, in gubernatorial elections the county often favors Republican candidates, most recently doing so in 2002, 2003 and 2006.

Gubernatorial elections results

In the House of Representatives, all of California's 7th congressional district and portions of its 3rd, 6th, and 9th districts are in the county.[23]

In the State Assembly, all of the 7th and 8th districts and parts of the 6th, 9th, and 11th districts are in the county.

In the State Senate, parts of the 1st, 3rd, 4th, 6th, and 8th districts are in the county.

According to the California Secretary of State, as of October 22, 2012, Sacramento County has 698,899 registered voters, out of 944,243 eligible (74%). Of those, 306,960 (44%) are registered Democrats, 225,688 (32%) are registered Republicans, and 134,677 (19%) have declined to state a political party.[24]

Crime

The following table includes the number of incidents reported and the rate per 1,000 persons for each type of offense.

Cities by population and crime rates

Education

Colleges and universities

Public schools

Community colleges

Private, not for profit

Private, for profit

Transportation

Pocket-Greenhaven

Major highways

Airports

Sacramento International Airport is a major, full-service airport with passenger flights. It is owned by the County of Sacramento. The County also owns Sacramento Mather Airport in Rancho Cordova and Sacramento Executive Airport, both of which are general aviation airports. There are also privately owned public use airports located in Elk Grove and Rio Linda.

Public roadways

The Sacramento County Department of Transportation (SACDOT)[28] maintains approximately 2200 miles of roadway within the unincorporated area. The roads range from six lane thoroughfares to rural roads.[29]

Communities

Elk Grove
Folsom Lake

Cities

Census-designated places

Unincorporated community

Population ranking

The population ranking of the following table is based on the 2010 census of Sacramento County.[30]

+ county seat

Rank City/town/etc. Municipal type Population (2010 Census)

1 + Sacramento (State Capital) City 466,488
2 Elk Grove City 153,015
3 Arden-Arcade CDP 92,186
4 Citrus Heights City 83,301
5 Folsom City 72,203
6 Rancho Cordova City 64,776
7 Carmichael CDP 61,762
8 Florin CDP 47,513
9 Antelope CDP 45,770
10 North Highlands CDP 42,694
11 Orangevale CDP 33,960
12 Foothill Farms CDP 33,121
13 Fair Oaks CDP 30,912
14 Vineyard CDP 24,836
15 Galt City 23,647
16 Rosemont CDP 22,681
17 Rio Linda CDP 15,106
18 Parkway CDP 14,670
19 Lemon Hill CDP 13,729
20 La Riviera CDP 10,802
21 Gold River CDP 7,912
22 Fruitridge Pocket CDP 5,800
23 Elverta CDP 5,492
24 Rancho Murieta CDP 5,488
25 Wilton CDP 5,363
26 Mather CDP 4,451
27 Walnut Grove CDP 1,542
28 Clay CDP 1,195
29 Herald CDP 1,184
30 Isleton City 804
31 McClellan Park CDP 743
32 Courtland CDP 355
33 Hood CDP 271
34 Franklin CDP 155
35 Freeport CDP 38

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Other = some other race / two or more races
  2. ^ Native American = Native Hawaiian or other Pacific Islander + American Indian or Alaska Native
  3. ^ a b Percentage of registered voters with respect to total population. Percentages of party members with respect to registered voters follow.

References

  1. ^ "Chronology". California State Association of Counties. Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ a b c "State & County QuickFacts". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2016.
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Find a County". National Association of Counties. Retrieved 2011.
  5. ^ "2010 Census Gazetteer Files". United States Census Bureau. August 22, 2012. Retrieved 2015.
  6. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B02001. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  7. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B03003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-26.
  8. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19301. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  9. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19013. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  10. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B19113. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  11. ^ a b U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  12. ^ U.S. Census Bureau. American Community Survey, 2011 American Community Survey 5-Year Estimates, Table B01003. American FactFinder. Retrieved 2013-10-21.
  13. ^ a b c d Data unavailable
  14. ^ "U.S. Decennial Census". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  15. ^ "Historical Census Browser". University of Virginia Library. Retrieved 2015.
  16. ^ Forstall, Richard L., ed. (March 27, 1995). "Population of Counties by Decennial Census: 1900 to 1990". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2015.
  17. ^ "Census 2000 PHC-T-4. Ranking Tables for Counties: 1990 and 2000" (PDF). United States Census Bureau. April 2, 2001. Retrieved 2015.
  18. ^ "2010 Census P.L. 94-171 Summary File Data". United States Census Bureau.
  19. ^ "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved 2011.
  20. ^ California Government Code § 23004
  21. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q California Secretary of State. February 10, 2013 - Report of Registration Archived November 3, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-10-31.
  22. ^ Leip, David. "Dave Leip's Atlas of U.S. Presidential Elections". uselectionatlas.org. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "California's 7th Congressional District - Representatives & District Map". Civic Impulse, LLC. Retrieved 2013.
  24. ^ CA Secretary of State - Report of Registration - October 22, 2012 Archived November 18, 2012, at the Wayback Machine
  25. ^ a b c d e f g h i j Office of the Attorney General, Department of Justice, State of California. Table 11: Crimes – 2009 Archived December 2, 2013, at the Wayback Machine. Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  26. ^ Only larceny-theft cases involving property over $400 in value are reported as property crimes.
  27. ^ a b c United States Department of Justice, Federal Bureau of Investigation. Crime in the United States, 2012, Table 8 (California). Retrieved 2013-11-14.
  28. ^ Sacramento County Department of Transportation (SACDOT)
  29. ^ http://www.sacdot.com/Pages/MileageofMaintainedRoadways.aspx
  30. ^ https://www.census.gov/2010census/

External links

Coordinates: 38°27?N 121°21?W / 38.45°N 121.35°W / 38.45; -121.35


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