Saint Mary Church (Haret Elroum)
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Saint Mary Church Haret Elroum
Saint Mary Coptic Orthodox Church
30°02?36?N 31°15?39?E / 30.0433°N 31.2608°E / 30.0433; 31.2608Coordinates: 30°02?36?N 31°15?39?E / 30.0433°N 31.2608°E / 30.0433; 31.2608
LocationHaret Elroum, Cairo
Country Egypt
DenominationCoptic Orthodox Church
Founded10th century
DedicationMary, mother of Jesus
Dedicated10th century
Architectural typeChurch
DivisionThe Coptic Orthodox Patriarchate
Bishop(s)Pope Tawadros II

Saint Mary Coptic Orthodox Church in Haret el-Roum (Coptic: ? , lit. 'The Church of Holy Mother of God in the Roman Quarter') or the Church of the Virgin of Relief (Arabic: ? ?‎, romanizedKan?sat al-?Adhr al-Mugh?tha)[1] is a Coptic Orthodox church in al-Gh?r?ya, Cairo near the Convent of Saint Theodore.[2]

From 1660 to 1800 the church was the Seat of the Coptic Orthodox Pope of Alexandria. In 1660 Pope Matthew IV of Alexandria transferred the seat from rat Z?wayla to rat al-R?m,[3] where it remained until 1800 when Pope Mark VIII transferred the patriarchal seat to Saint Mark's Coptic Orthodox Cathedral, Azbakeya.


Saint Mary Church grew in importance as the centre of the Coptic Church. Several Coptic Popes are buried in the church.


The church was rebuilt several times, and in 1794 Ibrahim El-Gohary renovated the church. It was damaged by fire during the reign of Pope Mark VIII (1797-1809) but was restored and rebuilt.

See also


  1. ^ Angie Heo (2018). The Political Lives of Saints: Christian-Muslim Mediation in Egypt. University of California Press. p. 70. ISBN 978-0-520-29798-2.
  2. ^ St-Theodore Archived 2007-05-02 at the Wayback Machine
  3. ^ St Mina Archived 2007-09-29 at the Wayback Machine

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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