Sanj%C5%8D Sanetomi
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Sanj%C5%8D Sanetomi
Sanj? Sanetomi
Sanetomi Sanjo formal.jpg
Prince Sanetomi Sanjo,c. late 1800s
Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal

22 December 1885 - 18 February 1891
MonarchMeiji
Position established
Tokudaiji Sanetsune
Prime Minister of Japan
Acting

25 October 1889 - 24 December 1889
MonarchMeiji
Kuroda Kiyotaka
Yamagata Aritomo
Chancellor of the Realm of Japan

13 September 1871 - 22 December 1885
MonarchMeiji
Tokugawa Ienari
Position abolished
Personal details
Born(1837-03-13)13 March 1837
Kyoto, Japan
Died18 February 1891(1891-02-18) (aged 53)
Tokyo, Japan
Political partyIndependent

Prince Sanj? Sanetomi ( , 13 March 1837 - 18 February 1891) was a Japanese Imperial court noble and statesman at the time of the Meiji Restoration. He held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government.

Biography

Born in Kyoto, Sanj? was the son of Naidaijin Sanj? Sanetsumu. He held several important posts in Court and became a central figure in the anti-Western, anti-Tokugawa sonn? j?i ("Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian") movement.

When the coup d'etat of September 30, 1863, brought the more moderate Aizu and Satsuma factions into power, he fled to Ch?sh?. He returned to Kyoto after the resignation of sh?gun Tokugawa Yoshinobu in 1867.

The first administrative offices (Sanshoku) of the Meiji government were established on January 3, 1868: the S?sai (President), Gij? (Administration) and San'yo (Office of Councilors). These offices were abolished on June 11, 1868, with the establishment of the Daj?-kan (Grand Council of State). In the new Meiji government, Sanj? was head of the Gijo, Minister of the Right () (June 11, 1868 - August 15, 1871), and Chancellor of the Realm (Daj?-daijin) (August 15, 1871 - December 22, 1885).

Sanj? was awarded Grand Cordon of the Supreme Order of the Chrysanthemum in 1882. On July 7, 1884, his title was changed to that of koshaku (prince) under the kazoku peerage system.

Sanj? served until the abolition of the daj?kan system in 1885. After the Cabinet system was established, he became Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan.

In 1889, when Prime Minister Kuroda Kiyotaka and his cabinet resigned en masse, Emperor Meiji only accepted Kuroda's resignation and formally invited Sanj? to head the government. The Emperor refused to appoint a new prime minister for the next two months, making Sanj? the only Prime Minister of Japan (albeit interim) who also concurrently held the post of Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.[1]

In 1890, he assumed a seat in the new House of Peers in the Diet of Japan established by the Meiji Constitution. On his death in 1891, he was accorded a state funeral. His grave is at the temple of Gokoku-ji in Bunky?, Tokyo.

Honours

From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia

  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Rising Sun (29 December 1876)
  • Grand Cordon of the Order of the Chrysanthemum (11 April 1882)
  • Prince (7 July 1884)

Order of precedence

Ancestry

[2]

Notes

  1. ^ After the Meiji Constitution was adopted in 1890, a new system was established: "In case of death, incapacitation, resignation or removal of the prime minister, a member of the cabinet shall serve as acting prime minister until the next prime minister is formally appointed." Today Sanj?'s government is generally regarded as continuation of Kuroda's.
  2. ^ "Sanj? genealogy". Reichsarchiv (in Japanese). Retrieved 2017.

References

External links

Political offices
Preceded by
Tokugawa Ienari
Chancellor of the Realm of Japan
1871-1885
Position abolished
Preceded by
Kuroda Kiyotaka
Prime Minister of Japan
Acting

1889
Succeeded by
Yamagata Aritomo

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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