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Prince Sanetomi Sanjo,c. late 1800s
|Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal|
22 December 1885 - 18 February 1891
|Prime Minister of Japan|
25 October 1889 - 24 December 1889
|Chancellor of the Realm of Japan|
13 September 1871 - 22 December 1885
|Born||13 March 1837|
|Died||18 February 1891 (aged 53)|
Prince Sanj? Sanetomi ( , 13 March 1837 - 18 February 1891) was a Japanese Imperial court noble and statesman at the time of the Meiji Restoration. He held many high-ranking offices in the Meiji government.
Born in Kyoto, Sanj? was the son of Naidaijin Sanj? Sanetsumu. He held several important posts in Court and became a central figure in the anti-Western, anti-Tokugawa sonn? j?i ("Revere the Emperor, Expel the Barbarian") movement.
When the coup d'etat of September 30, 1863, brought the more moderate Aizu and Satsuma factions into power, he fled to Ch?sh?. He returned to Kyoto after the resignation of sh?gun Tokugawa Yoshinobu in 1867.
The first administrative offices (Sanshoku) of the Meiji government were established on January 3, 1868: the S?sai (President), Gij? (Administration) and San'yo (Office of Councilors). These offices were abolished on June 11, 1868, with the establishment of the Daj?-kan (Grand Council of State). In the new Meiji government, Sanj? was head of the Gijo, Minister of the Right () (June 11, 1868 - August 15, 1871), and Chancellor of the Realm (Daj?-daijin) (August 15, 1871 - December 22, 1885).
Sanj? served until the abolition of the daj?kan system in 1885. After the Cabinet system was established, he became Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal of Japan.
In 1889, when Prime Minister Kuroda Kiyotaka and his cabinet resigned en masse, Emperor Meiji only accepted Kuroda's resignation and formally invited Sanj? to head the government. The Emperor refused to appoint a new prime minister for the next two months, making Sanj? the only Prime Minister of Japan (albeit interim) who also concurrently held the post of Lord Keeper of the Privy Seal.
In 1890, he assumed a seat in the new House of Peers in the Diet of Japan established by the Meiji Constitution. On his death in 1891, he was accorded a state funeral. His grave is at the temple of Gokoku-ji in Bunky?, Tokyo.
From the corresponding article in the Japanese Wikipedia
|Ancestors of Sanj? Sanetomi|