|tujik ziv ( )|
|Native to||People's Republic of China|
|Uyghur Arabic alphabet (unofficial)|
Xinjiang province. Light blue are areas where Sarikoli is spoken.
The Sarikoli language (also Sariqoli, Selekur, Sarikul, Sariqul, Sariköli) is a member of the Pamir subgroup of the Southeastern Iranian languages spoken by Tajiks in China. It is officially referred to in China as the "Tajik language", although it is different from the related Iranian language spoken in Tajikistan.
Sarikoli is officially referred to as "Tajik" (Chinese: ?, T?jíkèy?) in China. However, it is not closely related to Tajik as spoken in Tajikistan. It is also referred to as Tashkorghani, after the ancient capital of the Sarikoli kingdom (now Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County in Xinjiang, China); however, this usage is not widespread among scholars.
The number of speakers is around 35,000; most reside in the Taxkorgan Tajik Autonomous County in Southern Xinjiang province, China. The Chinese name for the Sarikoli language, as well as the usage of Sarikol as a toponym, is Sàléikuòlè y? (). Speakers in China typically use Chinese and Uyghur to communicate with people of other ethnic groups in the area. The rest are found in the Pakistani-controlled sector of Kashmir, closely hugging the Pakistan-Chinese international borders.
The language has no official written form. Gawarjon, publishing in China, used IPA to transcribe the sounds of Sarikoli in his book and dictionary, while Pakhalina, publishing in Russia, used an alphabet similar to that of the Wakhi language in hers. The majority of Sarikoli-speakers attend schools using Uyghur as the medium of instruction.
Sarikoli vowels as used in Russian works (IPA values in brackets):
a [a], e [e], ?y [?i?] (dialectal æy or ay [æi? / ai?]), ?w [?u?] (dialectal æw or aw [æu? /au?]), ? [?], i [i], o [o / ?], u [u], ? [?] (dialectal ? [?]). In some dialects also long variants of those vowels can appear: ?, ?, ?, ?, ?, , . (citation?)
Sarikoli has 29 consonants:
Sariqoli consonants according to Russian Iranologist transcription (IPA values in bracelets): p /p/, b /b/, t /t/, d /d/, k /k / c/, g /? ~ ?/, q /q/, c /ts/, ? /dz/, ? /t?/, ? /d?/, s /s/, z /z/, x? /x/, /?/, f /f/, v /v/, ? /?/, ? /ð/, x /?/, ? /?/, ? /?/, ? /?/, w /w/, y /j/, m /m/, n /n, ?/, l /l/, r /r/
Most words receive stress on the last syllable; however, a minority receive stress on their first syllable. Also, several noun declensions and verb inflections regularly place stress on their first syllable, including the imperative and interrogative.
Although to a large extent the Sarikoli lexicon is quite close to those of other Eastern Iranian languages, there are a large number are words unique to Sarikoli and the closely related Shughni that are not found in other Eastern Iranian languages like Wakhi, Pashto or Avestan.
|one||jæk ()||jak ()||ji||jaw ()||jiw||iw||iw ()||a?uua-|
|meat||?u?t (?)||?u?t (?)||?u?t||?waxa, ?wa?a (?)||?u:xt||xt||zizä ()||gao- (N. g?u?)|
|son||pesær ()||pisar ()||putr||zoi ()||puts||p?ts||frt (?)||pu?ra-|
|fire||?te? ()||ota? (?)||rni?||or ()||jo:ts||juts||ärt ()||?tar-|
|water||?b ()||ob ()||jupk||ob? (?)||xats||xats||don ()||ap-|
|hand||dæst ()||dast (?)||ðast||l?s ()||ðust||ð?st||k'u? (?)||zasta-|
|foot||p? ()||po ()||p?ð||pxa, p?a ()||po:ð||peð||fäd ()||pa?a-, pa-|
|tooth||dænd?n ()||dandon ()||ð?nð?k||x, ()||ðinð?n||ðanðun||d?ndäg ()||da?t?n-|
|eye||t?æ?m ()||t?a?m (?)||tm||st?r?a ()||tsem||tsem||st (?æ)||d?i?ra-; caman-|
|horse||æsb ()||asp ()||ja?||?s ()||vo:rd?||vurd?||b ()||aspa-|
|cloud||æbr ()||abr ()||mur||urjadz ()||abri||varm||?vrä? (æ) / mi? (?)||abda-; a?ra-, a?r?-; maa-|
|wheat||?ændom (?)||?andum ()||dim||?anam ()||?indam||?andam||m?n?w (?æ?æ?)||ga?tuma-|
|many||besj?r ()||bisjor ()||t?qi||?er, pura (? ?)||bisjo:r||p?r||bir? (æ)||paoiri-|
|high||bolænd (?)||baland ()||b?land||lwa? ()||biland||b?land||b?r?ond (?o)||b?r?za?t-|
|far||dur ()||dur ()||ðir||l?re ()||ðar||ðar||därd (?)||d?ra-|
|good||?ub ()||?ub ()||baf||x?, ()||?ub||t?ard?||?or? (?)||va?ha-|
|small||kut?ik (?))||?urd (?)||dz?qlai||l, l ()||dzul||dz?l||gss ()||kasu-|
|to say||?oft ()||?uft (?)||x?nak||waj?l ()||l?vd||levd||zurn ()||vac-; aoj-; mr?-; sa?h-|
|to do||kærd ()||kard (?)||ts?rak||kaw?l ()||t?i:d||t?ei?||k?nn (?æ)||kar-|
|to see||did ()||did ()||wi||win?m (?)||wi:nt||wand||wnn ()||d?-, vi?-|