Second Chinese domination of Vietnam
B?c thu?c l?n th? hai
Map of the Liang dynasty in 502
|Status||District of the Eastern Han dynasty-Eastern Wu-Jin dynasty-Liu Song dynasty-Southern Qi Dynasty-Liang dynasty|
|Capital||Jiaozhi (Vietnamese: Giao Ch?)|
|Common languages||Old Chinese|
|Emperor Guangwu of Han (First)|
|Sun Quan of Eastern Wu|
|Emperor Wu of Jin|
|Emperor Wu of Liu Song|
|Emperor Gao of Southern Qi|
|Emperor Wu of Liang (Last)|
o End of Trung sisters' rebellion
o Jin dynasty unified China
|Today part of||Vietnam|
The second Chinese domination marks a period from 43 to 544 when Vietnam fell into Chinese control for a second time, between the end of the Tr?ng Sisters and the start of the Anterior Lý Dynasty. This period began when General Ma Yuan conquered Giao Ch? from the Tr?ng Sisters on the order of emperor Wu of Han. This region was merged again into the Han dynasty, until civil war in China made it unstable and it became divided into many kingdoms. When the Liang dynasty was established, Lý Bí raised a revolt against them and established the Early Lý dynasty. This period lasted about 500 years.
The Trung sisters' independent rule was one of the few relatively brief interruptions during the Chinese domination of Vietnam which continued from 111 BC to 939.
After the defeat of the Trung sisters, the Eastern Han dynasty strengthened its control over the region in 43 and renamed it Giao Ch? (or Jiaozhi). As the Han dynasty weakened, the prefect of Giao Ch?, Shi Xie, ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors.
Even when the Eastern Han dynasty split into the Three Kingdoms in 220, Vietnam remained under the control of the state of Wu. A female rebel named Tri?u Th? Trinh briefly pushed the Chinese rulers out in 248, but was soon overthrown.
Local rebellions were organized by: