Second Chinese Domination of Vietnam
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Second Chinese Domination of Vietnam
Second Chinese domination of Vietnam

B?c thu?c l?n th? hai
Map of the Liang dynasty in 502
Map of the Liang dynasty in 502
StatusDistrict of the Eastern Han dynasty-Eastern Wu-Jin dynasty-Liu Song dynasty-Southern Qi Dynasty-Liang dynasty
CapitalJiaozhi (Vietnamese: Giao Ch?)
Common languagesOld Chinese
o 43-57
Emperor Guangwu of Han (First)
o 229-252
Sun Quan of Eastern Wu
o 266-290
Emperor Wu of Jin
o 420-422
Emperor Wu of Liu Song
o 479-482
Emperor Gao of Southern Qi
o 502-544
Emperor Wu of Liang (Last)
Jin dynasty unified China
Lý Bí declare independence of Jiaozhi
Currencycash coins
Preceded by
Succeeded by
Today part ofVietnam

The second Chinese domination marks a period from 43 to 544 when Vietnam fell into Chinese control for a second time, between the end of the Tr?ng Sisters and the start of the Anterior Lý Dynasty. This period began when General Ma Yuan conquered Giao Ch? from the Tr?ng Sisters on the order of emperor Wu of Han. This region was merged again into the Han dynasty, until civil war in China made it unstable and it became divided into many kingdoms. When the Liang dynasty was established, Lý Bí raised a revolt against them and established the Early Lý dynasty. This period lasted about 500 years.

Fluctuations through seven dynasties

Han style funerary house model found in B?m S?n, Thanh Hóa. 1st-3rd century AD

Eastern Han dynasty

The Trung sisters' independent rule was one of the few relatively brief interruptions during the Chinese domination of Vietnam which continued from 111 BC to 939.

After the defeat of the Trung sisters, the Eastern Han dynasty strengthened its control over the region in 43 and renamed it Giao Ch? (or Jiaozhi). As the Han dynasty weakened, the prefect of Giao Ch?, Shi Xie, ruled Vietnam as an autonomous warlord and was posthumously deified by later Vietnamese Emperors.[1]

Three Kingdoms eras

Even when the Eastern Han dynasty split into the Three Kingdoms in 220, Vietnam remained under the control of the state of Wu. A female rebel named Tri?u Th? Trinh briefly pushed the Chinese rulers out in 248, but was soon overthrown.

Jin and southern dynasties

Vietnam was under Jin China and the first half of the Southern and Northern Dynasties. The domination ended by 544, when Lý Nam came to power.[2]


Local rebellions were organized by:



  • Taylor, Keith Weller. (1983). The Birth of Vietnam (illustrated, reprint ed.). University of California Press. ISBN 0520074173. Retrieved 7 August 2013.
  • Vietnam
Preceded by
Tr?ng Sisters
Dynasty of Vietnam
Succeeded by
Anterior Lý Dynasty

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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