Secretary of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Get Secretary of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs essential facts below. View Videos or join the Secretary of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs discussion. Add Secretary of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Secretary of State For Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg
Official portrait of Dominic Raab.jpg
Incumbent
Dominic Raab

since 24 July 2019
Foreign and Commonwealth Office
StyleForeign Secretary (informal)
The Right Honourable
(within the UK and the Commonwealth)
His Excellency
(in international correspondence)[1]
Member ofCabinet
Privy Council
National Security Council (NSC)
Reports toPrime Minister of the United Kingdom
ResidenceNo. 1 Carlton Gardens
SeatWestminster
AppointerThe Monarch
on advice of the Prime Minister
Term lengthAt Her Majesty's pleasure
Formation27 March 1782
First holderCharles James Fox
Websitewww.gov.uk
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (HM Government).svg

politics and government of
the United Kingdom
Flag of the United Kingdom.svg United Kingdom portal

Her Majesty's Principal Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs, normally referred to as the Foreign Secretary, is a senior, high-ranking official within the Government of the United Kingdom and head of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office. The Foreign Secretary is a member of the Cabinet, and the post is considered one of the Great Offices of State. It is considered a position similar to that of Foreign Minister in other countries. The Foreign Secretary reports directly to the Prime Minister of the United Kingdom.

The Foreign Secretary's remit includes: relations with foreign countries, matters pertaining to the Commonwealth of Nations and the Overseas Territories in addition to the promotion of British interests abroad.[2] The Foreign Secretary also has ministerial oversight for the Secret Intelligence Service (MI6) and the Government Communications Headquarters (GCHQ).[3] The Foreign Secretary works out of the Foreign Office in Whitehall, and the post's official residences are 1 Carlton Gardens in London and Chevening in Kent. Margaret Beckett, appointed in 2006 by Tony Blair, is the only woman to have held the post.

The current Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs is Dominic Raab, since his appointment by Prime Minister Boris Johnson, in July 2019.[4]

History

The position of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs was created in the British governmental reorganisation of 1782, in which the Northern and Southern Departments became the Home and Foreign Offices, respectively. Eventually, the position of Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs came into existence in 1968 with the merger of the functions of Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs and Secretary of State for Commonwealth Affairs into a single Department of State. The India Office was a constituent predecessor department of the Foreign Office, as were the Colonial Office and the Dominions Office.

List of Foreign Secretaries

Secretaries of State for Foreign Affairs (1782-1968)

Secretary of State for Foreign Affairs[5]
Portrait Name[6]
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Monarch
(Reign)
Ref.
Charles James Fox00.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles James Fox

MP for Westminster
(1749-1806)
Whig Rockingham II George III
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1801-1816).svg
(1760-1820)
[1782 1]
[5]
Thomas Robinson 2nd Baron.jpg The Right Honourable
Thomas Robinson
2nd Baron Grantham
PC

(1738-1786)
Whig Shelburne
(Whig-Tory)
[5]
Charles James Fox00.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles James Fox

MP for Westminster
(1749-1806)
Whig Fox-North [5]
1stMarquessOfBuckingham.jpg The Right Honourable
George Nugent-Temple-Grenville
3rd Earl Temple
PC

(1753-1813)
Tory Pitt I [5]
Francis Osborne cropped.jpg His Grace
Francis Osborne
5th Duke of Leeds
KGPC

(1751-1799)
Tory [5]
1st Baron Grenville-cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Grenville
1st Baron Grenville
PCPC (Ire)

(1759-1834)
Tory [5]
Earl jenkinson.jpg The Right Honourable
Robert Jenkinson
2nd Baron Hawkesbury
PCFRS

MP for Rye[1782 2]
(1770-1828)
Tory [5]
Addington
1stEarlOfHarrowby.jpg The Right Honourable
Dudley Ryder
2nd Baron Harrowby
PCFSA

(1762-1847)
Tory Pitt II [5]
Henry Phipps, 1st Earl of Mulgrave by Sir William Beechey.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Phipps
3rd Baron Mulgrave
PC

(1755-1831)
Tory [5]
Charles James Fox00.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles James Fox

MP for Westminster
(1749-1806)
Whig All the Talents
(Whig-Tory)
[5]
Charles Grey, 2nd Earl Grey after Sir Thomas Lawrence.jpg The Right Honourable
Charles Grey
Viscount Howick
PC

MP for Northumberland
(1764-1845)
Whig [5]
George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg The Right Honourable
George Canning

Tory Portland II [5]
Henry Bathurst, 3rd Earl Bathurst by William Salter.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry Bathurst
3rd Earl Bathurst
PC

(1762-1834)
Tory Perceval [5]
Richard Colley Wellesley, Marquess Wellesley by John Philip Davis ('Pope' Davis).jpg The Most Honourable
Richard Wellesley
1st Marquess Wellesley
KGPCPC (Ire)

(1760-1842)
Independent [5]
Lord Castlereagh Marquess of Londonderry.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Stewart
2nd Marquess of Londonderry
KGGCHPCPC (Ire)

(1769-1822)
Tory Liverpool [5]
George IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1820-1830)
George Canning by Richard Evans - detail.jpg The Right Honourable
George Canning
FRS

MP for 3 constituencies respectively
(1770-1827)
Tory [5]
1stEarlOfDudley.jpg The Right Honourable
John Ward
1st Earl of Dudley
PCFRS

(1781-1833)
Tory Canning
(Canningite-Whig)
[5]
Goderich
Wellington-Peel
Earlofaberdeen.jpg The Right Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen
KTFRSPCFSA Scot

(1784-1860)
Tory [5]
William IV
Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom (1816-1837).svg
(1830-1837)
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
GCBPC

MP for 3 constituencies respectively
(1784-1865)
Whig Grey [5]
Melbourne I
Arthur Wellesley, 1st Duke of Wellington by John Jackson cropped.jpg Field MarshalHis Grace
Arthur Wellesley
1st Duke of Wellington
KGGCBGCHPC

(1769-1852)
Tory Wellington Caretaker [5]
Conservative Peel I
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
GCBPC

MP for Tiverton
(1784-1865)
Whig Melbourne II [5]
Victoria
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1837-1901)
Earlofaberdeen.jpg The Right Honourable
George Hamilton-Gordon
4th Earl of Aberdeen
KTFRSPCFSA Scot

(1784-1860)
Conservative Peel II [5]
Lord Palmerston 1855.jpg The Right Honourable
Henry John Temple
3rd Viscount Palmerston
GCBPC

MP for Tiverton
(1784-1865)
Whig Russell I [5]
Second Earl Granville.jpg The Right Honourable
Granville Leveson-Gower
2nd Earl Granville
PC

(1815-1891)
Whig [5]
JH Harris 3rd Earl of Malmesbury by JG Middleton crop.jpg The Right Honourable
James Howard Harris
3rd Earl of Malmesbury
PC

(1807-1889)
Conservative Who? Who? [5]
Lord john russell.jpg The Right Honourable
Lord John Russell
FRS

MP for the City of London
(1792-1878)
Whig Aberdeen
(Peelite-Whig)
[5]
4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg The Right Honourable
George Villiers
4th Earl of Clarendon
KGGCBPC

(1800-1870)
Whig [5]
Palmerston I
JH Harris 3rd Earl of Malmesbury by JG Middleton crop.jpg The Right Honourable
James Howard Harris
3rd Earl of Malmesbury
GCBPC

(1807-1889)
Conservative Derby-Disraeli II [5]
Lord john russell.jpg The Right Honourable
John Russell
1st Earl Russell
KGPCFRS

(1792-1878)
18 June
1859
3 November
1865
Liberal Palmerston II [5]
4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg The Right Honourable
George Villiers
4th Earl of Clarendon
KGGCBPC

(1800-1870)
Liberal Russell II [5]
Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Stanley
Lord Stanley
PCFRS

MP for King's Lynn
(1826-1893)
Conservative Derby-Disraeli III [5]
4thEarlOfClarendon.jpg The Right Honourable
George Villiers
4th Earl of Clarendon
KGGCBPC

(1800-1870)
Liberal Gladstone I [5]
Second Earl Granville.jpg The Right Honourable
Granville Leveson-Gower
2nd Earl Granville
KGPCFRS

(1815-1891)
Liberal [5]
Edward Stanley, 15th Earl of Derby 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Stanley
15th Earl of Derby
PCFRS

(1826-1893)
Conservative Disraeli II [5]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830-1903)
Conservative [5]
Second Earl Granville.jpg The Right Honourable
Granville Leveson-Gower
2nd Earl Granville
KGPCFRS

(1815-1891)
Liberal Gladstone II [5]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830-1903)
Conservative Salisbury I [5]
Archibald-Philip-Primrose-5th-Earl-of-Rosebery (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
PCFRS

(1847-1929)
Liberal Gladstone III [5]
Stafford Northcote, 1st Earl of Iddesleigh.jpg The Right Honourable
Stafford Northcote
1st Earl of Iddesleigh
GCBPCFRS

(1818-1887)
Conservative Salisbury II [5]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830-1903)
Conservative [5]
Archibald-Philip-Primrose-5th-Earl-of-Rosebery (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Archibald Primrose
5th Earl of Rosebery
KGPCFRS

(1847-1929)
Liberal Gladstone IV [5]
1st Earl of Kimberley 1897.jpg The Right Honourable
John Wodehouse
1st Earl of Kimberley
KGPCDL

(1826-1902)
Liberal Rosebery [5]
Robert cecil.jpg The Most Honourable
Robert Gascoyne-Cecil
3rd Marquess of Salisbury
KGPCFRSDL

(1830-1903)
Conservative Salisbury
(III & IV)

(Con.-Lib.U.)
[5]
Marquess of Lansdowne crop.jpg The Most Honourable
Henry Petty-Fitzmaurice
5th Marquess of Lansdowne
KGGCSIGCMGGCIEPC

(1845-1927)
Liberal Unionist [5]
Edward VII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1901-1910)
Balfour
Picture of Edward Grey, 1st Viscount Grey of Fallodon.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Edward Grey
BtDL

MP for Berwick-upon-Tweed
(1862-1933)
Liberal Campbell-Bannerman [5]
Asquith
(I-III)
George V
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1910-1936)
Asquith Coalition
(Lib.-Con.-et al.)
Arthur-James-Balfour-1st-Earl-of-Balfour.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Balfour
OMFRSDL

MP for the City of London
(1848-1930)
Conservative Lloyd George
(I & II)
[5]
Curzon GGBain.jpg The Most Honourable
George Curzon
1st Marquess Curzon of Kedleston
KGGCSIGCIEPC

(1859-1925)
Conservative [5]
Law
Baldwin I
Ramsay-MacDonald.jpg The Right Honourable
Ramsay MacDonald

MP for Aberavon
(1866-1937)
Labour MacDonald I [5]
Austen Chamberlain nobel.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Austen Chamberlain
KG

MP for Birmingham West
(1863-1937)
Conservative Baldwin II [5]
1910 Arthur Henderson.jpg The Right Honourable
Arthur Henderson

MP for Burnley
(1863-1935)
Labour MacDonald II [5]
Rufus Isaacs.jpg The Most Honourable
Rufus Isaacs
1st Marquess of Reading
GCBGCSIGCIEGCVOPCKC

(1860-1935)
Liberal National I
(N.Lab.-Con.-et al.)
[5]
Viscount Simon.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir John Simon
GCSIOBE

MP for Spen Valley
(1873-1954)
Liberal National National II [5]
Sir Samuel Hoare GGBain.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Samuel Hoare
BtGCSIGBECMGJP

MP for Chelsea
(1880-1959)
Conservative National III
(Con.-N.Lab.-et al.)
[5]
Anthony Eden (retouched).jpg The Right Honourable
Anthony Eden
MC

MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897-1977)
Conservative [5]
Edward VIII
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936)
George VI
Coat of arms of the United Kingdom (1837-1952).svg
(1936-1952)
National IV
1st Earl of Halifax 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Edward Wood
3rd Viscount Halifax
PC

(1881-1959)
Conservative [5]
Chamberlain War
Churchill War
(All parties)
Anthony Eden (retouched).jpg The Right Honourable
Anthony Eden
MC

MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897-1977)
Conservative [5]
Churchill Caretaker
(Con.-Lib.N.)
Ernest Bevin cph.3b17494.jpg The Right Honourable
Ernest Bevin

Labour Attlee
(I & II)
[5]
Herbert Morrison 1947.jpg The Right Honourable
Herbert Morrison

MP for Lewisham South
(1888-1965)
Labour [5]
Anthony Eden (retouched).jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Anthony Eden
KGMC

MP for Warwick & Leamington
(1897-1977)
Conservative Churchill III [5]
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952-present)
Harold Macmillan in 1942.jpg The Right Honourable
Harold Macmillan

MP for Bromley
(1894-1986)
Conservative Eden [5]
Selwyn Lloyd cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Selwyn Lloyd
CBEQC

MP for Wirral
(1904-1978)
Conservative [5]
Macmillan
(I & II)
Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg The Right Honourable
Alec Douglas-Home
14th Earl of Home
PC

(1903-1995)
Conservative [5]
Rab Butler.jpg The Right Honourable
Richard Austen Butler
CH

MP for Saffron Walden
(1902-1982)
Conservative Douglas-Home [5]
No image.svg The Right Honourable
Patrick Gordon Walker

Neither an MP nor a Lord[1782 5]
(1907-1980)
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
[5]
Michael Stewart (1966).jpg The Right Honourable
Michael Stewart

MP for Fulham
(1906-1990)
Labour [5]
George Brown, 1967.jpg The Right Honourable
George Brown

MP for Belper
(1914-1985)
Labour [5]
Michael Stewart (1966).jpg The Right Honourable
Michael Stewart

MP for Fulham
(1906-1990)
Labour [5]

[7][8]

^+ Died in office.
  1. ^ The Prince of Wales served as Prince Regent from 5 February 1811.
  2. ^ Elevated to the Peerage of the United Kingdom in November 1803.
  3. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1807 general election.
  4. ^ Elected to a new constituency in the 1950 general election.
  5. ^ Walker was MP for Smethwick, and Labour's shadow Foreign Secretary, prior to the 1964 general election. He lost his seat in the election but was appointed to the post anyway. He resigned after fighting and losing a 1965 by-election in Leyton.

Secretaries of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs (1968-present)

Post created through the merger of the Foreign Office and the Commonwealth Office.

Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs
Portrait Name[6]
(Birth-Death)
Term of office Party Ministry Sovereign
(Reign)
Ref.
Michael Stewart (1966).jpg The Right Honourable
Michael Stewart

MP for Fulham
(1906-1990)
Labour Wilson
(I & II)
Elizabeth II
Royal Coat of Arms of the United Kingdom.svg
(1952-present)
[5]
Alec Douglas-Home (c1963).jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Alec Douglas-Home
KT

MP for Kinross and Western Perthshire
(1903-1995)
Conservative Heath [5]
James Callaghan and James Chichester-Clark 1970 (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
James Callaghan

MP for Cardiff South East
(1912-2005)
Labour Wilson
(III & IV)
[5]
Ford A9572 Anthony Crosland crop.jpg The Right Honourable
Anthony Crosland

MP for Great Grimsby
(1918-1977)
Labour Callaghan [5]
David Owen-1.jpg The Right Honourable
David Owen

MP for Plymouth Devonport
(born 1938)
Labour [5]
Peter Carington 1984.jpg The Right Honourable
Peter Carington
6th Baron Carrington
KCMGMCPCDL

(1919-2018)
Conservative Thatcher I [5]
Zconcam61.jpg The Right Honourable
Francis Pym
MC

MP for Cambridgeshire
(1922-2008)
Conservative [5]
Geoffrey Howe.jpg The Right Honourable
Sir Geoffrey Howe
QC

MP for East Surrey
(1926-2015)
Conservative Thatcher II [5]
Thatcher III
Major PM full.jpg The Right Honourable
John Major

MP for Huntingdon
(born 1943)
Conservative [5]
Lord Hurd (cropped).jpg The Right Honourable
Douglas Hurd
CBE

MP for Witney
(born 1930)
Conservative [5]
Major I
Major II
Malcolm Rifkind.jpg The Right Honourable
Malcolm Rifkind
QC

MP for Edinburgh Pentlands
(born 1946)
Conservative [5]
Robin Cook-close crop.jpg The Right Honourable
Robin Cook

MP for Livingston
(1946-2005)
Labour Blair
(I-III)
[5]
Jack straw.JPG The Right Honourable
Jack Straw

MP for Blackburn
(born 1946)
Labour [5]
Margaret Beckett May 2007 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
Margaret Beckett

MP for Derby South
(born 1943)
Labour [5]
David Miliband 2.jpg The Right Honourable
David Miliband

MP for South Shields
(born 1965)
Labour Brown [5]
William Hague 2010 cropped.jpg The Right Honourable
William Hague
FRSL

MP for Richmond (Yorks)
(born 1961)
Conservative Cameron-Clegg
(Con.-L.D.)
[5]
Official portrait of Mr Philip Hammond crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Philip Hammond

MP for Runnymede and Weybridge
(born 1955)
Conservative [5]
Cameron II
Boris Johnson July 2016.jpg The Right Honourable
Boris Johnson

MP for Uxbridge and South Ruislip
(born 1964)
Conservative May I [5][9]
May II
Official portrait of Mr Jeremy Hunt crop 2.jpg The Right Honourable
Jeremy Hunt

MP for South West Surrey
(born 1966)
Conservative [10]
Rt Hon Dominic Raab MP.jpg The Right Honourable
Dominic Raab

MP for Esher and Walton
(born 1974)
Conservative Johnson [4]

See also

References

  1. ^ "Public List" (PDF). Protocol and Liaison Service. United Nations. 24 August 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  2. ^ "Secretary of State for Foreign and Commonwealth Affairs". Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2014.
  3. ^ "Ministerial responsibility". GCHQ. 23 March 2016. Retrieved 2017. Day-to-day ministerial responsibility for GCHQ lies with the Foreign Secretary.
  4. ^ a b Andrew Sparrow (24 July 2019). "Raab appointed foreign secretary and first secretary of state". The Guardian. Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b c d e f g h i j k l m n o p q r s t u v w x y z aa ab ac ad ae af ag ah ai aj ak al am an ao ap aq ar as at au av aw ax ay az ba bb bc bd be bf bg bh bi bj bk bl bm bn bo bp bq br bs bt bu bv bw bx by bz ca cb cc cd ce cf cg ch "Past Foreign Secretaries". gov.uk. Government of the United Kingdom. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ a b Including honorifics and constituencies for elected MPs.
  7. ^ https://www.arbetsformedlingen.se/For-arbetssokande/Platsbanken/annonser/8378625
  8. ^ https://www.google.se/maps/@59.3230053,18.0720313,587a,35y,90h/data=!3m1!1e3
  9. ^ "Boris Johnson quits to add to pressure on May over Brexit". BBC News. 9 July 2018.
  10. ^ "Jeremy Hunt replaces Boris Johnson as foreign secretary". BBC News. 9 July 2018.

Further reading

  • Cecil, Algernon. British foreign secretaries, 1807-1916: studies in personality and policy (1927). pp 89-130. online
  • Goodman, Sam. The Imperial Premiership: The Role of the Modern Prime Minister in Foreign Policy Making, 1964-2015 (Oxford UP, 2016).
  • Hughes, Michael. British Foreign Secretaries in an Uncertain World, 1919-1939. (Routledge, 2004).
  • Johnson, Gaynor. "Introduction: The Foreign Office and British Diplomacy in the Twentieth Century," Contemporary British History, (2004) 18:3, 1-12, DOI: 10.1080/1361946042000259279
  • Neilson, Keith, and Thomas G. Otte. The permanent under-secretary for foreign affairs, 1854-1946 (Routledge, 2008).
  • Otte, Thomas G. The Foreign Office Mind: The Making of British Foreign Policy, 1865-1914 (Cambridge UP, 2011).
  • Steiner, Zara. The Foreign Office and Foreign Policy, 1898-1914 (1986).
  • Temperley, Harold. "British Secret Diplomacy from Canning to Grey." Cambridge Historical Journal 6.1 (1938): 1-32.
  • Theakston, Kevin, ed. British foreign secretaries since 1974 (Routledge, 2004).
  • Wilson, Keith M., ed. British foreign secretaries and foreign policy: from Crimean War to First World War (1987).

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Secretary_of_State_for_Foreign_and_Commonwealth_Affairs
 



 



 
Music Scenes