Senatorial Districts of the Philippines
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Senatorial Districts of the Philippines
Senatorial districts
Coat of arms of the Philippines.svg

politics and government of
the Philippines

The senatorial districts of the Philippines were the representations of the provinces of the Philippines in the Philippine Senate from 1916 to 1935.

History

The enactment of the Philippine Autonomy Act (popularly known as "Jones Law") in August 1916 by the United States Congress provided for the creation of a bicameral legislature consisting of a lower chamber (House of Representatives) and an upper chamber (Senate). Until then the Philippine Commission held the executive power and some legislative powers over the American colony.

The system of government of the Philippines in its early years of transition to democratic self-government was deliberately structured to emulate the American model. The Philippines thus followed the American system of electing the members of the 24-seat senate by district.

The districts were organized and numbered in a roughly north-south fashion, much like the present administrative regions. The first eleven districts were composed of established provinces, while the twelfth was composed of the provinces of the Luzon interior and much of Mindanao -- both of which were never fully administered by the old Spanish colonial government and designated by American authorities as "Non-Christian" areas.

The first to eleventh districts elected two senators each by popular vote. The two senators from the twelfth district were appointed by the U.S. Governor-General. The setup lasted until the establishment of the Commonwealth of the Philippines in 1935, when the bicameral legislature was abolished, as the 1935 Constitution provided only for a unicameral National Assembly. However, when the Constitution was amended in 1940 to re-establish a bicameral Congress, members of the Senate had to be voted at-large, thereby effectively abolishing the district system.

First District

Provinces: Batanes, Cagayan, Ilocos Norte, Ilocos Sur, Isabela
Later additional provinces: Abra (separated from Ilocos Sur, 1917)

Second District

Provinces: La Union, Pangasinan, Zambales

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Aquilino Calvo1 Pedro Ma. Sison
Matias Gonzales2
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Bernabe de Guzman
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Alejo Mabanag
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Camilo O. Osías3
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Teofilo Sison
Alejandro de Guzman4
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Alejo Mabanag
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
^1 Resigned on February 26, 1917.
^2 Elected in a special election on May 5, 1917
^3 Appointed Resident Commissioner in 1929.
^4 Replaced Camilo Osías.

Third District

Provinces: Bulacan, Nueva Ecija, Pampanga, Tarlac

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Isauro Gabaldon Francisco Liongson
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Teodoro Sandiko Ceferino de Leon
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Santiago Lucero1
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Luis Morales2
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Benigno S. Aquino
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Sotero Baluyut
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Hermogenes Concepcion
^1 Died on November 2, 1925.
^2 Elected in a special election on March 23, 1926 to complete the unexpired term of Santiago Lucero.

Fourth District

City: Manila
Provinces: Bataan, Laguna, Rizal

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Pedro Guevara1 Rafael Palma
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Emiliano Tria Tirona
Ramon J. Fernandez2
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Juan Sumulong
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Jose G. Generoso
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Juan Nolasco
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Juan Sumulong
^1 Appointed Resident Commissioner to the United States on March 4, 1923.
^2 Elected in a special election on October 3, 1923 to complete the unexpired term of Pedro Guevara.

Fifth District

Provinces: Batangas, Cavite, Mindoro, Tayabas
Later additional provinces: Marinduque (separated from Tayabas, 1920)

Sixth District

Provinces: Albay, Ambos Camarines, Sorsogon
Later additional provinces: Camarines Norte and Camarines Sur (resulted from the division of Ambos Camarines, 1919), Masbate (separated from Sorsogon, 1920)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Mario Guariña Leoncio Imperial
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Vicente de Vera
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Juan B. Alegre
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose O. Vera
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Jose T. Fuentebella
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Domingo Imperial

Seventh District

Provinces: Capiz, Iloilo
Later additional provinces: Romblon (separated from Capiz, 1917)

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Francisco Villanueva Jose Altavas
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Jose Ma. Arroyo
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
Jose Hontiveros
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Jose B. Ledesma
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Antonio Belo
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Ruperto Montinola
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Potenciano Trenas1
^1 Died on June 10, 1934.

Eighth District

Provinces: Antique, Negros Occidental, Negros Oriental, Palawan

Period Senator Senator
4th Philippine Legislature
1916–1919
Manuel Lopez Espiridion Guanco
5th Philippine Legislature
1919–1922
Hermenegildo Villanueva
6th Philippine Legislature
1922–1925
7th Philippine Legislature
1925–1928
Mariano Yulo1
8th Philippine Legislature
1928–1931
Francisco Zulueta1
9th Philippine Legislature
1931–1934
Gil Montilla
10th Philippine Legislature
1934–1935
Isaac Lacson
^1 Francisco Zulueta was senator from 1929 to 1931.

Ninth District

Provinces: Leyte, Samar

^1 Died on July 28, 1926.
^2 Elected in a special election to complete the unexpired term of Tomas Gomez.

Tenth District

Provinces: Cebu

Eleventh District

Provinces: Bohol, Misamis, Surigao
Later additional provinces: Misamis Occidental and Misamis Oriental (resulted from the division of Misamis province, implemented 1930)

^1 Died on June 2, 1935.

Twelfth District

City: Baguio
Provinces in northern Luzon: Mountain Province (consisting of Amburayan, Apayao, Benguet, Bontoc, Ifugao, and Kalinga and Lepanto sub-provinces), Nueva Vizcaya
Provinces within the Department of Mindanao and Sulu: Agusan, Bukidnon, Cotabato, Davao, Lanao, Sulu, Zamboanga

See also

References


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Senatorial_districts_of_the_Philippines
 



 



 
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