Senior Bowl
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Senior Bowl

Senior Bowl
Reese's Senior Bowl
Senior Bowl logo.jpg
StadiumHancock Whitney Stadium
LocationMobile, Alabama
Previous stadiumsGator Bowl Stadium (1950)
Ladd-Peebles Stadium (1951-2020)
Previous locationsJacksonville, Florida (1950)
Operated1950–present
Sponsors
Delchamps (1996–2001)
Food World (2002–2006)
Under Armour (2007–2011)
Nike (2012–2013)
Reese's (2014–present)
2020 matchup
North vs. South (North 34-17)
2021 matchup
North vs. South (January 30, 2021)

The Senior Bowl is a post-season college football all-star game played each January in Mobile, Alabama, which showcases the best NFL Draft prospects of those players who have completed their college eligibility. Produced by the non-profit Mobile Arts & Sports Association,[1] the game is also a charitable fund-raiser, benefiting various local and regional organizations with over US$7.8 million in donations over its history.[2] The game is currently sponsored by Reese's, a brand of The Hershey Company, and is televised by the NFL Network.

History

Otto Graham coached in the 1967 game.
Jon Gruden has coached in four games.

The 1950 Senior Bowl, the inaugural edition, was played at Gator Bowl Stadium in Jacksonville, Florida; the game then moved to Mobile's Ladd-Peebles Stadium the next year, where it remained through the 2020 edition. From 2021 forward, the game will remain in Mobile, but will move to the University of South Alabama's new Hancock Whitney Stadium.[3]

Historically, the Senior Bowl was the first chance its participants had to openly receive pay for participation in an athletic event. Players in the inaugural 1950 game each received $343 (if on the losing team) or $475 (if on the winning team);[4] by 1975, the amounts had been increased to $1,250 and $1,500.[5] The 1988 edition was the last time players were paid ($1,500 and $1,750).[6] This was one reason that participation was limited to seniors whose eligibility for further participation in college football had expired. Athletes who wished to play spring collegiate sports, such as college baseball, or otherwise remain eligible for amateur sports, had to avoid participation in the Senior Bowl.

The game has consistently been played on a Saturday in January, with the exception of 1976, when it was held on a Sunday. The scheduling date within January has varied - the earliest playing has been January 3 (1953 and 1959), while the latest playing has been January 30 (2010 and 2016). Since 1967, it has been traditionally set for the week before the NFL's Super Bowl (which itself is now played in February). It is usually scheduled as the final game of the college football season, although for a period during the 1980s and 1990s, it was the next-to-the-last game, followed a week later by either the Hula Bowl or the Gridiron Classic. From 2007 through 2011, and also in 2013, the Senior Bowl was again the penultimate game, followed by the Texas vs The Nation game a week later. In 2020, the revived Hula Bowl was played the day after the Senior Bowl.

National television coverage began with CBS acquiring rights to the 1952 through 1954 games.[7] ESPN televised the game as early as 1982,[8] continuing until the game moved to the NFL Network starting with the 2007 edition.[9]

Sponsors of the game have included Delchamps, a supermarket chain headquartered in Mobile; Food World, a supermarket chain headquartered in Birmingham; Under Armour; and Nike, Inc. Starting with the 2014 game, Reese's took over sponsorship.[10] In January 2018, Reese's announced that they were extending their sponsorship of the game through at least the 2020 edition.[11]

In October 2020, Panini America entered a multi-year agreement to produce trading cards for Senior Bowl players.[12]

Game format

Two teams, representing the North and the South, are coached by select coaching staff from two NFL teams. In recent years, the coaching staffs have come from teams who finished near the bottom of the league standings, but whose coaches were not subsequently terminated. Organizers stipulate a number of specific rules for the game, some of which are intended to reduce the chance of injury (e.g. "All blocks below the waist are prohibited"), and others that simplify what the teams need to practice and prepare for (e.g. "Only four rushers allowed, no 5-man pressures or blitzes from secondary permitted").[13] The game is also the players' first time competing under the slightly different professional rules (e.g. receivers must have both feet inbounds for a legal catch vs. just one foot inbounds in college football).

The week-long practice that precedes the game is attended by key NFL personnel (including coaches, general managers and scouts), who oversee the players as possible prospects for professional football. Athletes sometimes decline invitations to participate in the Senior Bowl, opting instead to prepare for the NFL scouting combine or their college's pro day.[14]

The single-season record for number of players sent to the Senior Bowl from one school is 10 by Alabama in 1987, followed by nine sent by Auburn in 1988 and USC in 2008.[15]

Dan Lynch of Washington State was the first (and to date only) player to appear in two Senior Bowls (1984 and 1985), having been granted an extra year of eligibility after the 1984 game.[16] In 2013, two players (D. J. Fluker and Justin Pugh) with a year of college football eligibility remaining, but who had already graduated, became the first "fourth-year juniors" to be granted clearance to play in the Senior Bowl.[17]

Game results

Date North team
(AFC 1991-1993)
South team
(NFC 1991-1993)
Series
Coach Coach's team Score Score Coach's team Coach
January 7, 1950 Bo McMillin Detroit Lions 13 22 New York Giants Steve Owen South, 1-0
January 6, 1951 Bo McMillin Detroit Lions 18 19 New York Giants Steve Owen South, 2-0
January 5, 1952 Paul Brown Cleveland Browns 20 6 New York Giants Steve Owen South, 2-1
January 3, 1953 Paul Brown Cleveland Browns 28 13 New York Giants Steve Owen Tied, 2-2
January 9, 1954 Paul Brown Cleveland Browns 20 14 New York Giants Steve Owen North, 3-2
January 8, 1955 Paul Brown Cleveland Browns 6 12 New York Giants Steve Owen Tied, 3-3
January 7, 1956 Buddy Parker Detroit Lions 2 12 Cleveland Browns Paul Brown South, 4-3
January 5, 1957 Joe Kuharich Washington Redskins 7 21 Cleveland Browns Paul Brown South, 5-3
January 11, 1958 Joe Kuharich Washington Redskins 15 13 Cleveland Browns Paul Brown South, 5-4
January 3, 1959 Joe Kuharich Washington Redskins 12 21 Cleveland Browns Paul Brown South, 6-4
January 9, 1960 Jim Lee Howell New York Giants 26 7 Baltimore Colts Weeb Ewbank South, 6-5
January 7, 1961 Jim Lee Howell New York Giants 26 33 Baltimore Colts Weeb Ewbank South, 7-5
January 6, 1962 Tom Landry Dallas Cowboys 7 42 Baltimore Colts Weeb Ewbank South, 8-5
January 5, 1963 Tom Landry Dallas Cowboys 27 33 Baltimore Colts Weeb Ewbank South, 9-5
January 4, 1964 George Wilson Detroit Lions 21 28 Dallas Cowboys Tom Landry South, 10-5
January 9, 1965 George Wilson Detroit Lions 7 7 Dallas Cowboys Tom Landry South, 10-5-1
January 8, 1966 Mike Holovak Boston Patriots 18 27 New York Jets Weeb Ewbank South, 11-5-1
January 7, 1967 Norm Van Brocklin Atlanta Falcons 35 13 Washington Redskins Otto Graham South, 11-6-1
January 6, 1968 Mike Holovak Boston Patriots 21 34 Kansas City Chiefs Hank Stram South, 12-6-1
January 11, 1969 Allie Sherman New York Giants 27 16 St. Louis Cardinals Charley Winner South, 12-7-1
January 10, 1970 Lou Saban Denver Broncos 37 37 Baltimore Colts Don Shula South, 12-7-2
January 9, 1971 Lou Saban Denver Broncos 31 13 New York Jets Weeb Ewbank South, 12-8-2
January 8, 1972 Alex Webster New York Giants 21 26 New Orleans Saints J. D. Roberts South, 13-8-2
January 6, 1973 Lou Saban Buffalo Bills 30 33 New York Jets Weeb Ewbank South, 14-8-2
January 12, 1974 Mike McCormack Philadelphia Eagles 16 13 Detroit Lions Don McCafferty South, 14-9-2
January 11, 1975 John Ralston Denver Broncos 17 17 San Francisco 49ers Dick Nolan South, 14-9-3
January 11, 1976 Chuck Fairbanks New England Patriots 42 35 Chicago Bears Jack Pardee South, 14-10-3
January 8, 1977 Forrest Gregg Cleveland Browns 27 24 Miami Dolphins Don Shula South, 14-11-3
January 7, 1978 Don Coryell St. Louis Cardinals 17 14 Atlanta Falcons Leeman Bennett South, 14-12-3
January 13, 1979 Walt Michaels New York Jets 21 41 New Orleans Saints Dick Nolan South, 15-12-3
January 12, 1980 Bud Grant Minnesota Vikings 57 3 New York Giants Ray Perkins South, 15-13-3
January 17, 1981 Bill Walsh San Francisco 49ers 23 10 Denver Broncos Red Miller South, 15-14-3
January 16, 1982 Marv Levy Kansas City Chiefs 10 27 Pittsburgh Steelers Chuck Noll South, 16-14-3
January 22, 1983 Frank Kush Baltimore Colts 14 6 New Orleans Saints Bum Phillips South, 16-15-3
January 14, 1984 Kay Stephenson Buffalo Bills 20 21 San Diego Chargers Don Coryell South, 17-15-3
January 12, 1985 Jim Hanifan St. Louis Cardinals 7 23 Green Bay Packers Forrest Gregg South, 18-15-3
January 18, 1986 Dan Reeves Denver Broncos 31 17 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Leeman Bennett South, 18-16-3
January 17, 1987 John Robinson Los Angeles Rams 38 42 Miami Dolphins Don Shula South, 19-16-3
January 23, 1988 Chuck Knox Seattle Seahawks 21 7 New Orleans Saints Jim Mora South, 19-17-3
January 21, 1989 Dan Reeves Denver Broncos 12 13 Los Angeles Rams John Robinson South, 20-17-3
January 20, 1990 Marty Schottenheimer Kansas City Chiefs 41 0 Philadelphia Eagles Buddy Ryan South, 20-18-3
January 19, 1991 Marty Schottenheimer Kansas City Chiefs 38 28 New Orleans Saints Jim Mora AFC, 1-0
January 18, 1992 Art Shell Los Angeles Raiders 13 10 Chicago Bears Mike Ditka AFC, 2-0
January 16, 1993 Ted Marchibroda Indianapolis Colts 6 21 Cleveland Browns Bill Belichick AFC, 2-1
January 22, 1994 Rich Kotite Philadelphia Eagles 32 35 Miami Dolphins Don Shula South, 21-18-3
January 21, 1995 Dan Reeves New York Giants 7 14 Indianapolis Colts Ted Marchibroda South, 22-18-3
January 20, 1996 Dennis Erickson Seattle Seahawks 25 10 Chicago Bears Dave Wannstedt South, 22-19-3
January 18, 1997 Norv Turner Washington Redskins 35 14 Kansas City Chiefs Marty Schottenheimer South, 22-20-3
January 17, 1998 Ted Marchibroda Baltimore Ravens 8 31 Washington Redskins Norv Turner South, 23-20-3
January 23, 1999 Jon Gruden Oakland Raiders 21 31 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Tony Dungy South, 24-20-3
January 22, 2000 George Seifert Carolina Panthers 24 21 Kansas City Chiefs Gunther Cunningham South, 24-21-3
January 20, 2001 Bill Cowher Pittsburgh Steelers 16 21 Green Bay Packers Mike Sherman South, 25-21-3
January 26, 2002 Mike Holmgren Seattle Seahawks 26 41 Arizona Cardinals Dave McGinnis South, 26-21-3
January 18, 2003 Dom Capers Houston Texans 17 0 Detroit Lions Marty Mornhinweg South, 26-22-3
January 24, 2004 Marvin Lewis Cincinnati Bengals 10 28 San Diego Chargers Marty Schottenheimer South, 27-22-3
January 29, 2005 Norv Turner Oakland Raiders 23 13 Tampa Bay Buccaneers Jon Gruden South, 27-23-3
January 28, 2006 Jeff Fisher Tennessee Titans 31 14 San Francisco 49ers Mike Nolan South, 27-24-3
January 27, 2007 Jon Gruden Tampa Bay Buccaneers 27 0 San Francisco 49ers Mike Nolan South, 27-25-3
January 26, 2008 Lane Kiffin Oakland Raiders 16 17 San Francisco 49ers Mike Nolan South, 28-25-3
January 24, 2009 Marvin Lewis Cincinnati Bengals 18 35 Jacksonville Jaguars Jack Del Rio South, 29-25-3
January 30, 2010 Jim Schwartz Detroit Lions 31 13 Miami Dolphins Tony Sparano South, 29-26-3
January 29, 2011 Marvin Lewis Cincinnati Bengals 10 24 Buffalo Bills Chan Gailey South, 30-26-3
January 28, 2012 Leslie Frazier Minnesota Vikings 23 13 Washington Redskins Mike Shanahan South, 30-27-3
January 26, 2013 Dennis Allen Oakland Raiders 16 21 Detroit Lions Jim Schwartz South, 31-27-3
January 25, 2014 Mike Smith Atlanta Falcons 10 20 Jacksonville Jaguars Gus Bradley South, 32-27-3
January 24, 2015 Ken Whisenhunt Tennessee Titans 34 13 Jacksonville Jaguars Gus Bradley South, 32-28-3
January 30, 2016 Jason Garrett Dallas Cowboys 16 27 Jacksonville Jaguars Gus Bradley South, 33-28-3
January 28, 2017 John Fox Chicago Bears 15 16 Cleveland Browns Hue Jackson South, 34-28-3
January 27, 2018 Vance Joseph Denver Broncos 16 45 Houston Texans Bill O'Brien South, 35-28-3
January 26, 2019 Jon Gruden Oakland Raiders 34 24 San Francisco 49ers Kyle Shanahan South, 35-29-3
January 25, 2020 Matt Patricia Detroit Lions 34 17 Cincinnati Bengals Zac Taylor South, 35-30-3
  • All-time series, through the 2020 game (71 editions): South (35-30-3); AFC (2-1)
  • The first game was played in Jacksonville, Florida, in 1950. All subsequent games have been played in Mobile, Alabama.

Game records

Statistic Record, Team Year
Most points scored (winning team) 57, North 1980
Most points scored (losing team) 38, North 1987
Most points scored (both teams) 80 (South 42, North 38) 1987
Fewest points allowed 0, North 1990
2003
2007
Largest margin of victory 54, North (57-3) 1980

Coaching appearances

Marty Schottenheimer won three of the four Senior Bowls he coached.

Seven people have served as head coach in four or more Senior Bowls.

Games Head coach W L T Win pct.
8 Paul Brown 6 2 - .750
7 Weeb Ewbank 5 2 - .714
6 Steve Owen 3 3 - .500
4 Marty Schottenheimer 3 1 - .750
4 Don Shula 2 1 1 .625
4 Jon Gruden 2 2 - .500
4 Tom Landry 1 2 1 .375

Games coached by NFL teams

Ted Marchibroda led the Baltimore Ravens staff in their only time coaching the Senior Bowl (1998).

Each of the current 32 NFL teams has coached in at least one Senior Bowl. Records include games played under a franchise's prior names (e.g. Boston Patriots appearances are included in the record of the New England Patriots). Updated through the 2020 game (71 editions, 142 appearances).

Games NFL team W L T Win pct. Most recent
12 New York Giants 5 7 - .417 1995
11 Cleveland Browns 9 2 - .818 2017
10 Detroit Lions 3 6 1 .350 2020
8 Indianapolis Colts 5 2 1 .688 1995
7 Denver Broncos 2 3 2 .429 2018
7 Washington Redskins 3 4 - .429 2012
6 Kansas City Chiefs 3 3 - .500 2000
6 Oakland Raiders 3 3 - .500 2019
6 San Francisco 49ers 2 3 1 .417 2019
5 New Orleans Saints 2 3 - .400 1991
5 Dallas Cowboys 1 3 1 .300 2016
4 Jacksonville Jaguars 3 1 - .750 2016
4 Arizona Cardinals 2 2 - .500 2002
4 Miami Dolphins 2 2 - .500 2010
4 New York Jets 2 2 - .500 1979
4 Tampa Bay Buccaneers 2 2 - .500 2007
4 Chicago Bears 0 4 - .000 2017
4 Cincinnati Bengals 0 4 - .000 2020
3 Seattle Seahawks 2 1 - .667 2002
3 Atlanta Falcons 1 2 - .333 2014
3 Buffalo Bills 1 2 - .333 2011
3 New England Patriots 1 2 - .333 1976
3 Philadelphia Eagles 1 2 - .333 1994
2 Green Bay Packers 2 0 - 1.000 2001
2 Houston Texans 2 0 - 1.000 2018
2 Los Angeles Chargers 2 0 - 1.000 2004
2 Minnesota Vikings 2 0 - 1.000 2012
2 Tennessee Titans 2 0 - 1.000 2015
2 Los Angeles Rams 1 1 - .500 1989
2 Pittsburgh Steelers 1 1 - .500 2001
1 Carolina Panthers 1 0 - 1.000 2000
1 Baltimore Ravens 0 1 - .000 1998

MVPs

Source:[19]
dagger denotes an MVP whose college team was not part of the top tier of college football (e.g. FBS, Division I-A, or historical predecessors) at the time they played in the Senior Bowl. There have been four such MVPs: Terry Bradshaw (Louisiana Tech, 1969 College Division season), Bill Kollar (Montana State, 1973 Division II season), Neil Lomax (Portland State, 1980 Division I-AA season), and Kyle Lauletta (Richmond, 2017 FCS season).

50th Anniversary Senior Bowl All-Time Team

The following team was selected by fan voting before the 1999 game:[20]

  1. ^ Now known as Texas A&M-Kingsville.
  2. ^ Now known as North Texas (without "State").

Senior Bowl Hall of Fame

Established in 1987, the Senior Bowl Hall of Fame seeks to pay tribute to the many outstanding former Senior Bowl players who have made lasting contributions to the game of football. The Senior Bowl Hall of Fame also allows enshrinement to former coaches, administrators and other individuals whose efforts helped the Senior Bowl.

See also

References

  1. ^ "Mobile Arts & Sports Association Inc". Charity Navigator. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ "Community - Charitable Giving". seniorbowl.com. Retrieved 2020.
  3. ^ Stephenson, Creg (March 4, 2020). "Senior Bowl to be played at South Alabama's Hancock Whitney Stadium beginning in 2021". AL.com. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ "Winners Get $475, Losers $343 In Senior Bowl Tilt". The Miami News. January 8, 1950. p. 1-D. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  5. ^ "Pro scouts flock to Senior Bowl". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. AP. January 5, 1975. p. 9-E. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  6. ^ "Senior Bowl to stop paying players". The Santa Fe New Mexican. January 20, 1989. p. 16. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  7. ^ "CBS to TV Senior Bowl". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. Associated Press. November 30, 1951. p. 17. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  8. ^ "College Bowl Schedule". The Indianapolis Star. January 1, 1982. p. 32. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  9. ^ "NFL Notes". Fort Worth Star-Telegram. April 26, 2006. p. 9D. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  10. ^ "Senior Bowl Teams Up With Reese's Brand". seniorbowl.com (Press release). 2013. Retrieved 2020.
  11. ^ Inabinett, Mark (January 18, 2018). "Reese's extends title sponsorship of Senior Bowl". AL.com. Retrieved 2020.
  12. ^ "Panini America and Reese's Senior Bowl Sign Exclusive Multi-Year Agreement". seniorbowl.com (Press release). October 22, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  13. ^ "Game Rules". seniorbowl.com. Retrieved 2019.
  14. ^ Brugler, Dane (January 14, 2015). "2015 NFL Draft: UCLA QB Brett Hundley declines Senior Bowl". CBSSports.com. Archived from the original on January 28, 2015.
  15. ^ Low, Chris (January 22, 2008). "Former Trojans happy to be reunited with Kiffin". ESPN.com.
  16. ^ "Cougars set to add to Hall of Fame". The Spokesman-Review. Spokane, Washington. April 16, 2006. p. 30. Retrieved 2019 – via newspapers.com.
  17. ^ "First non-seniors to compete in Senior Bowl". CBS Sports. January 19, 2013. Archived from the original on June 1, 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  18. ^ "Louisville's Nagle to play in Senior". The Anniston Star. Anniston, Alabama. AP. January 3, 1991. p. 4B. Retrieved 2020 – via newspapers.com.
  19. ^ "Game Scores/MVPs". seniorbowl.com. Retrieved 2019.
  20. ^ "All-Time Senior Bowl Team". seniorbowl.com. Retrieved 2017.
  21. ^ "Hall of Fame". seniorbowl.com. Retrieved 2017.
  22. ^ "Senior Bowl to add 3 to Hall of Fame, Honor Jalyn Armour-Davis". WKRG. March 8, 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  23. ^ "Hudson, McNeil, Neighbors to be inducted into HOF". seniorbowl.com (Press release). January 14, 2019. Retrieved 2019.

Further reading

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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