Seniority in the United States House of Representatives
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Seniority in the United States House of Representatives

This is a complete list of current members of the United States House of Representatives based on seniority. For the most part, representatives are ranked by the beginning of their terms in office. Representatives whose terms begin the same day are ranked alphabetically by last name.[a]

Standards for seniority

Representatives who return to the House after having previously served in the House may be credited with service equal to one less than the number of terms they served. For example, Rep. Steve Chabot had previously served seven terms, from 1995 to 2009, when he was once again elected in 2010. Instead of holding seniority with others whose terms began January 3, 2011, he was credited with six terms, and holds seniority above all representatives whose terms began on or after January 3, 1999. When a representative has served a prior term of fewer than two terms (i.e., prior term minus one equals less than one), he or she is ranked above all others whose service begins on the same day.[]

Benefits of seniority

Committee leadership in the House is often associated with seniority, especially in the Democratic Caucus. The Republican leadership, in comparison with the Democratic Party, prioritizes voting records and campaign fundraising over seniority for committee leadership.[1] Party leadership in the House is not strictly associated with seniority.

Seniority also affects access to more desirable office space in the House Office Buildings.

Vacancies

Current seniority list

Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service (if any)[b] Committee and leadership positions
1 Don Young R Alaska at-large March 6, 1973   Dean of the House
2 Jim Sensenbrenner R Wisconsin 5 January 3, 1979  
3 Hal Rogers R Kentucky 5 January 3, 1981
4 Chris Smith R New Jersey 4
5 Steny Hoyer D Maryland 5 May 19, 1981 Majority Leader
6 Marcy Kaptur D Ohio 9 January 3, 1983  
7 Pete Visclosky D Indiana 1 January 3, 1985
8 Peter DeFazio D Oregon 4 January 3, 1987 Chair: Transportation and Infrastructure
9 John Lewis D Georgia 5  
10 Fred Upton R Michigan 6
11 Nancy Pelosi D California 12 June 2, 1987 Speaker of the House
12 Frank Pallone D New Jersey 6 November 8, 1988 Chair: Energy and Commerce
13 Eliot Engel D New York 16 January 3, 1989 Chair: Foreign Affairs
14 Nita Lowey D New York 17 Chair: Appropriations
15 Richard Neal D Massachusetts 1 Chair: Ways and Means
16 José E. Serrano D New York 15 March 20, 1990  
17 David Price D North Carolina 4 January 3, 1997 1987-1995
18 Rosa DeLauro D Connecticut 3 January 3, 1991  
19 Collin Peterson D Minnesota 7 Chair: Agriculture
20 Maxine Waters D California 43 Chair: Financial Services
21 Jerrold Nadler D New York 10 November 3, 1992 Chair: Judiciary
22 Jim Cooper D Tennessee 5 January 3, 2003 1983-1995  
23 Sanford Bishop D Georgia 2 January 3, 1993  
24 Ken Calvert R California 42
25 Jim Clyburn D South Carolina 6 Majority Whip
26 Anna Eshoo D California 18  
27 Alcee Hastings D Florida 20
28 Eddie Bernice Johnson D Texas 30 Chair: Science, Space and Technology
29 Peter T. King R New York 2  
30 Carolyn Maloney D New York 12 Chair: Oversight and Government Reform (acting)
31 Lucille Roybal-Allard D California 40  
32 Bobby Rush D Illinois 1
33 Bobby Scott D Virginia 3 Chair: Education and Labor
34 Nydia Velázquez D New York 7 Chair: Small Business
35 Bennie Thompson D Mississippi 2 April 13, 1993 Chair: Homeland Security
36 Frank Lucas R Oklahoma 3 May 10, 1994 Ranking Member: Science, Space and Technology
37 Lloyd Doggett D Texas 35 January 3, 1995  
38 Michael F. Doyle D Pennsylvania 18
39 Sheila Jackson Lee D Texas 18
40 Zoe Lofgren D California 19
41 Mac Thornberry R Texas 13 Ranking Member: Armed Services
42 Earl Blumenauer D Oregon 3 May 21, 1996  
43 Robert Aderholt R Alabama 4 January 3, 1997
44 Kevin Brady R Texas 8 Ranking Member: Ways and Means
45 Danny K. Davis D Illinois 7  
46 Diana DeGette D Colorado 1
47 Kay Granger R Texas 12 Ranking Member: Appropriations
48 Ron Kind D Wisconsin 3  
49 Jim McGovern D Massachusetts 2 Chair: Rules
50 Bill Pascrell D New Jersey 9  
51 Brad Sherman D California 30
52 John Shimkus R Illinois 15
53 Adam Smith D Washington 9 Chair: Armed Services
54 Gregory Meeks D New York 5 February 3, 1998  
55 Barbara Lee D California 13 April 7, 1998
56 Steve Chabot R Ohio 1 January 3, 2011 1995-2009 Ranking Member: Small Business
57 John Larson D Connecticut 1 January 3, 1999    
58 Grace Napolitano D California 32
59 Jan Schakowsky D Illinois 9
60 Mike Simpson R Idaho 2
61 Mike Thompson D California 5
62 Greg Walden R Oregon 2 Ranking Member: Energy and Commerce
63 Lacy Clay D Missouri 1 January 3, 2001  
64 Susan Davis D California 53
65 Sam Graves R Missouri 6 Ranking Member: Transportation and Infrastructure
66 James Langevin D Rhode Island 2  
67 Rick Larsen D Washington 2
68 Betty McCollum D Minnesota 4
69 Adam Schiff D California 28 Chair: Intelligence
70 Stephen Lynch D Massachusetts 8 October 16, 2001  
71 Joe Wilson R South Carolina 2 December 18, 2001
72 Rob Bishop R Utah 1 January 3, 2003 Ranking Member: Natural Resources
73 Michael C. Burgess R Texas 26  
74 John Carter R Texas 31
75 Tom Cole R Oklahoma 4 Ranking Member: Rules
76 Mario Díaz-Balart R Florida 25  
77 Raúl Grijalva D Arizona 3 Chair: Natural Resources
78 Steve King R Iowa 4
79 Devin Nunes R California 22 Ranking Member: Intelligence
80 Mike D. Rogers R Alabama 3 Ranking Member: Homeland Security
81 Dutch Ruppersberger D Maryland 2  
82 Tim Ryan D Ohio 13
83 Linda Sánchez D California 38
84 David Scott D Georgia 13
85 Mike Turner R Ohio 10
86 G. K. Butterfield D North Carolina 1 July 20, 2004
87 Emanuel Cleaver D Missouri 5 January 3, 2005
88 Mike Conaway R Texas 11 Ranking Member: Agriculture
89 Jim Costa D California 16  
90 Henry Cuellar D Texas 28
91 Jeff Fortenberry R Nebraska 1
92 Virginia Foxx R North Carolina 5 Ranking Member: Education and Labor
93 Louie Gohmert R Texas 1  
94 Al Green D Texas 9
95 Brian Higgins D New York 26
96 Dan Lipinski D Illinois 3
97 Kenny Marchant R Texas 24
98 Michael McCaul R Texas 10 Ranking Member: Foreign Affairs
99 Patrick T. McHenry R North Carolina 10 Ranking Member: Financial Services
100 Cathy McMorris Rodgers R Washington 5  
101 Gwen Moore D Wisconsin 4
102 Debbie Wasserman Schultz D Florida 23
103 Doris Matsui D California 6 March 8, 2005
104 Albio Sires D New Jersey 8 November 7, 2006
105 Gus Bilirakis R Florida 12 January 3, 2007
106 Vern Buchanan R Florida 16
107 Kathy Castor D Florida 14
108 Yvette D. Clarke D New York 9
109 Steve Cohen D Tennessee 9
110 Joe Courtney D Connecticut 2
111 Hank Johnson D Georgia 4
112 Jim Jordan R Ohio 4 Ranking Member: Oversight and Government Reform
113 Doug Lamborn R Colorado 5
114 Dave Loebsack D Iowa 2
115 Kevin McCarthy R California 23 Minority Leader
116 Jerry McNerney D California 9  
117 Ed Perlmutter D Colorado 7
118 John Sarbanes D Maryland 3
119 Adrian Smith R Nebraska 3
120 Peter Welch D Vermont at-large
121 John Yarmuth D Kentucky 3 Chair: Budget
122 Bob Latta R Ohio 5 December 11, 2007  
123 Rob Wittman R Virginia 1
124 André Carson D Indiana 7 March 11, 2008
125 Jackie Speier D California 14 April 8, 2008
126 Steve Scalise R Louisiana 1 May 3, 2008 Minority Whip
127 Marcia Fudge D Ohio 11 November 18, 2008  
128 Gerry Connolly D Virginia 11 January 3, 2009
129 Brett Guthrie R Kentucky 2
130 Jim Himes D Connecticut 4
131 Duncan D. Hunter R California 50
132 Blaine Luetkemeyer R Missouri 3
133 Ben Ray Luján D New Mexico 3 Assistant Speaker
134 Tom McClintock R California 4  
135 Pete Olson R Texas 22
136 Chellie Pingree D Maine 1
137 Bill Posey R Florida 8
138 Phil Roe R Tennessee 1 Ranking Member: Veterans' Affairs
139 Kurt Schrader D Oregon 5  
140 Glenn Thompson R Pennsylvania 15
141 Paul Tonko D New York 20
142 Michael Quigley D Illinois 5 April 7, 2009
143 Judy Chu D California 27 July 14, 2009
144 John Garamendi D California 3 November 3, 2009
145 Ted Deutch D Florida 22 April 13, 2010 Chair: Ethics
146 Tom Graves R Georgia 14 June 8, 2010  
147 Tom Reed R New York 23 November 2, 2010
148 Tim Walberg R Michigan 7 January 3, 2011 2007-2009
149 Bill Foster D Illinois 11 January 3, 2013 2008-2011
150 Justin Amash I[c] Michigan 3 January 3, 2011  
151 Karen Bass D California 37
152 Mo Brooks R Alabama 5
153 Larry Bucshon R Indiana 8
154 David Cicilline D Rhode Island 1
155 Rick Crawford R Arkansas 1
156 Scott DesJarlais R Tennessee 4
157 Jeff Duncan R South Carolina 3
158 Chuck Fleischmann R Tennessee 3
159 Bill Flores R Texas 17
160 Bob Gibbs R Ohio 7
161 Paul Gosar R Arizona 4
162 Morgan Griffith R Virginia 9
163 Andrew P. Harris R Maryland 1
164 Vicky Hartzler R Missouri 4
165 Jaime Herrera Beutler R Washington 3
166 Bill Huizenga R Michigan 2
167 Bill Johnson R Ohio 6
168 Bill Keating D Massachusetts 9
169 Mike Kelly R Pennsylvania 16
170 Adam Kinzinger R Illinois 16
171 Billy Long R Missouri 7
172 David McKinley R West Virginia 1
173 Steven Palazzo R Mississippi 4
174 Cedric Richmond D Louisiana 2
175 Martha Roby R Alabama 2
176 David Schweikert R Arizona 6
177 Austin Scott R Georgia 8
178 Terri Sewell D Alabama 7
179 Steve Stivers R Ohio 15
180 Scott Tipton R Colorado 3
181 Daniel Webster R Florida 11
182 Frederica Wilson D Florida 24
183 Steve Womack R Arkansas 3 Ranking Member: Budget
184 Rob Woodall R Georgia 7  
185 Mark Amodei R Nevada 2 September 13, 2011
186 Suzanne Bonamici D Oregon 1 January 31, 2012
187 Suzan DelBene D Washington 1 November 6, 2012
188 Thomas Massie R Kentucky 4
189 Donald Payne Jr. D New Jersey 10
190 Dina Titus D Nevada 1 January 3, 2013 2009-2011
191 Andy Barr R Kentucky 6  
192 Joyce Beatty D Ohio 3
193 Ami Bera D California 7
194 Susan Brooks R Indiana 5 Ranking Member: Ethics
195 Julia Brownley D California 26  
196 Cheri Bustos D Illinois 17
197 Tony Cárdenas D California 29
198 Matt Cartwright D Pennsylvania 8
199 Joaquin Castro D Texas 20
200 Doug Collins R Georgia 9 Ranking Member: Judiciary
201 Paul Cook R California 8  
202 Rodney L. Davis R Illinois 13
203 Lois Frankel D Florida 21
204 Tulsi Gabbard D Hawaii 2
205 Dennis Heck D Washington 10
206 George Holding R North Carolina 2
207 Richard Hudson R North Carolina 8
208 Jared Huffman D California 2
209 Hakeem Jeffries D New York 8 Democratic Caucus Chair
210 David Joyce R Ohio 14  
211 Joseph Kennedy III D Massachusetts 4
212 Dan Kildee D Michigan 5
213 Derek Kilmer D Washington 6
214 Ann McLane Kuster D New Hampshire 2
215 Doug LaMalfa R California 1
216 Alan Lowenthal D California 47
217 Sean Patrick Maloney D New York 18
218 Mark Meadows R North Carolina 11
219 Grace Meng D New York 6
220 Markwayne Mullin R Oklahoma 2
221 Scott Perry R Pennsylvania 10
222 Scott Peters D California 52
223 Mark Pocan D Wisconsin 2
224 Tom Rice R South Carolina 7
225 Raul Ruiz D California 36
226 Chris Stewart R Utah 2
227 Eric Swalwell D California 15
228 Mark Takano D California 41 Chair: Veterans' Affairs
229 Juan Vargas D California 51  
230 Marc Veasey D Texas 33
231 Filemon Vela Jr. D Texas 34
232 Ann Wagner R Missouri 2
233 Jackie Walorski R Indiana 2
234 Randy Weber R Texas 14
235 Brad Wenstrup R Ohio 2
236 Roger Williams R Texas 25
237 Ted Yoho R Florida 3
238 Robin Kelly D Illinois 2 April 9, 2013
239 Jason T. Smith R Missouri 8 June 4, 2013
240 Katherine Clark D Massachusetts 5 December 10, 2013
241 Bradley Byrne R Alabama 1 December 17, 2013
242 Alma Adams D North Carolina 12 November 4, 2014
243 Donald Norcross D New Jersey 1
244 Ann Kirkpatrick D Arizona 2 January 3, 2019 2009-2011; 2013-2017
245 Ed Case D Hawaii 1 2002-2007
246 Ralph Abraham R Louisiana 5 January 3, 2015  
247 Pete Aguilar D California 31
248 Rick W. Allen R Georgia 12
249 Brian Babin R Texas 36
250 Don Beyer D Virginia 8
251 Mike Bost R Illinois 12
252 Brendan Boyle D Pennsylvania 2
253 Ken Buck R Colorado 4
254 Buddy Carter R Georgia 1
255 Mark DeSaulnier D California 11
256 Debbie Dingell D Michigan 12
257 Tom Emmer R Minnesota 6
258 Ruben Gallego D Arizona 7
259 Garret Graves R Louisiana 6
260 Glenn Grothman R Wisconsin 6
261 Jody Hice R Georgia 10
262 French Hill R Arkansas 2
263 Will Hurd R Texas 23
264 John Katko R New York 24
265 Brenda Lawrence D Michigan 14
266 Ted Lieu D California 33
267 Barry Loudermilk R Georgia 11
268 John Moolenaar R Michigan 4
269 Alex Mooney R West Virginia 2
270 Seth Moulton D Massachusetts 6
271 Dan Newhouse R Washington 4
272 Gary Palmer R Alabama 6
273 John Ratcliffe R Texas 4
274 Kathleen Rice D New York 4
275 David Rouzer R North Carolina 7
276 Elise Stefanik R New York 21
277 Norma Torres D California 35
278 Mark Walker R North Carolina 6
279 Bonnie Watson Coleman D New Jersey 12
280 Bruce Westerman R Arkansas 4
281 Lee Zeldin R New York 1
282 Trent Kelly R Mississippi 1 June 2, 2015
283 Darin LaHood R Illinois 18 September 10, 2015
284 Warren Davidson R Ohio 8 June 7, 2016
285 James Comer R Kentucky 1 November 8, 2016
286 Dwight Evans D Pennsylvania 3
287 Brad Schneider D Illinois 10 January 3, 2017 2013-2015
288 Jodey Arrington R Texas 19  
289 Don Bacon R Nebraska 2
290 Jim Banks R Indiana 3
291 Nanette Barragan D California 44
292 Jack Bergman R Michigan 1
293 Andy Biggs R Arizona 5
294 Lisa Blunt Rochester D Delaware at-large
295 Anthony G. Brown D Maryland 4
296 Ted Budd R North Carolina 13
297 Salud Carbajal D California 24
298 Liz Cheney R Wyoming at-large Republican Conference Chairwoman
299 Lou Correa D California 46
300 Charlie Crist D Florida 13
301 Val Demings D Florida 10
302 Neal Dunn R Florida 2
303 Adriano Espaillat D New York 13
304 Drew Ferguson R Georgia 3
305 Brian Fitzpatrick R Pennsylvania 1
306 Matt Gaetz R Florida 1
307 Mike Gallagher R Wisconsin 8
308 Vicente González D Texas 15
309 Josh Gottheimer D New Jersey 5
310 Clay Higgins R Louisiana 3
311 Trey Hollingsworth R Indiana 9
312 Pramila Jayapal D Washington 7
313 Mike Johnson R Louisiana 4
314 Ro Khanna D California 17
315 Raja Krishnamoorthi D Illinois 8
316 David Kustoff R Tennessee 8
317 Al Lawson D Florida 5
318 Roger Marshall R Kansas 1
319 Brian Mast R Florida 18
320 Donald McEachin D Virginia 4
321 Paul Mitchell R Michigan 10
322 Stephanie Murphy D Florida 7
323 Tom O'Halleran D Arizona 1
324 Jimmy Panetta D California 20
325 Jamie Raskin D Maryland 8
326 Francis Rooney R Florida 19
327 John Rutherford R Florida 4
328 Lloyd Smucker R Pennsylvania 11
329 Darren Soto D Florida 9
330 Thomas Suozzi D New York 3
331 Ron Estes R Kansas 4 April 11, 2017
332 Greg Gianforte R Montana at-large May 25, 2017
333 Jimmy Gomez D California 34 June 6, 2017
334 Ralph Norman R South Carolina 5 June 20, 2017
335 John Curtis R Utah 3 November 7, 2017
336 Conor Lamb D Pennsylvania 17 March 13, 2018
337 Debbie Lesko R Arizona 8 April 24, 2018
338 Michael Cloud R Texas 27 June 30, 2018
339 Troy Balderson R Ohio 12 August 7, 2018
340 Kevin Hern R Oklahoma 1 November 6, 2018
341 Joseph Morelle D New York 25
342 Mary Gay Scanlon D Pennsylvania 5
343 Susan Wild D Pennsylvania 7
344 Steven Horsford D Nevada 4 January 3, 2019 2013-2015
345 Colin Allred D Texas 32
346 Kelly Armstrong R North Dakota at-large
347 Cindy Axne D Iowa 3
348 Jim Baird R Indiana 4
349 Anthony Brindisi D New York 22
350 Tim Burchett R Tennessee 2
351 Sean Casten D Illinois 6
352 Gil Cisneros D California 39
353 Ben Cline R Virginia 6
354 T. J. Cox D California 21
355 Angie Craig D Minnesota 2
356 Dan Crenshaw R Texas 2
357 Jason Crow D Colorado 6
358 Joe Cunningham D South Carolina 1
359 Sharice Davids D Kansas 3
360 Madeleine Dean D Pennsylvania 4
361 Antonio Delgado D New York 19
362 Veronica Escobar D Texas 16
363 Abby Finkenauer D Iowa 1
364 Russ Fulcher R Idaho 1
365 Chuy García D Illinois 4
366 Sylvia Garcia D Texas 29
367 Jared Golden D Maine 2
368 Anthony Gonzalez R Ohio 16
369 Lance Gooden R Texas 5
370 Mark Green R Tennessee 7
371 Michael Guest R Mississippi 3
372 Deb Haaland D New Mexico 1
373 Jim Hagedorn R Minnesota 1
374 Josh Harder D California 10
375 Jahana Hayes D Connecticut 5
376 Kendra Horn D Oklahoma 5
377 Chrissy Houlahan D Pennsylvania 6
378 Dusty Johnson R South Dakota at-large
379 John Joyce R Pennsylvania 13
380 Andy Kim D New Jersey 3
381 Susie Lee D Nevada 3
382 Andy Levin D Michigan 9
383 Mike Levin D California 49
384 Elaine Luria D Virginia 2
385 Tom Malinowski D New Jersey 7
386 Ben McAdams D Utah 4
387 Lucy McBath D Georgia 6
388 Dan Meuser R Pennsylvania 9
389 Carol Miller R West Virginia 3
390 Debbie Mucarsel-Powell D Florida 26
391 Joe Neguse D Colorado 2
392 Alexandria Ocasio-Cortez D New York 14
393 Ilhan Omar D Minnesota 5
394 Lizzie Pannill Fletcher D Texas 7
395 Chris Pappas D New Hampshire 1
396 Greg Pence R Indiana 6
397 Dean Phillips D Minnesota 3
398 Katie Porter D California 45
399 Ayanna Pressley D Massachusetts 7
400 Guy Reschenthaler R Pennsylvania 14
401 Denver Riggleman R Virginia 5
402 John Rose R Tennessee 6
403 Max Rose D New York 11
404 Harley Rouda D California 48
405 Chip Roy R Texas 21
406 Kim Schrier D Washington 8
407 Donna Shalala D Florida 27
408 Mikie Sherrill D New Jersey 11
409 Elissa Slotkin D Michigan 8
410 Abigail Spanberger D Virginia 7
411 Ross Spano R Florida 15
412 Greg Stanton D Arizona 9
413 Pete Stauber R Minnesota 8
414 Bryan Steil R Wisconsin 1
415 Greg Steube R Florida 17
416 Haley Stevens D Michigan 11
417 Van Taylor R Texas 3
418 William Timmons R South Carolina 4
419 Rashida Tlaib D Michigan 13
420 Xochitl Torres Small D New Mexico 2
421 Lori Trahan D Massachusetts 3
422 David Trone D Maryland 6
423 Lauren Underwood D Illinois 14
424 Jeff Van Drew D New Jersey 2
425 Michael Waltz R Florida 6
426 Steve Watkins R Kansas 2
427 Jennifer Wexton D Virginia 10
428 Ron Wright R Texas 6
429 Fred Keller R Pennsylvania 12 May 21, 2019
430 Dan Bishop R North Carolina 9 September 10, 2019
431 Greg Murphy R North Carolina 3
Rank Representative Party District Seniority date Previous service[b] Committee and leadership positions

Delegates

See also

Notes

  1. ^ Delegates are non-voting members of the United States House of Representatives.
  2. ^ a b Members elected with substantial prior service receive credit for part of that service when calculating seniority.
  3. ^ Amash was elected as a Republican, but switched to independent in 2019.[2] A party change does not affect seniority.
  4. ^ Caucuses with the Democrats for the purpose of committee assignments.

References

  1. ^ "House Seniority and Committee Leadership".
  2. ^ Conradis, Brandon (July 4, 2019). "Rep. Amash, lone GOP critic of Trump, leaves Republican Party". The Hill. Retrieved 2019.

External link


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Seniority_in_the_United_States_House_of_Representatives
 



 



 
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