Seoul Station
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Seoul Station

Seoul Station
Seoul-station-20181122-072342.jpg
Korean name
Hangul
Hanja
Revised RomanizationSeoul-yeok
McCune-ReischauerS?ul-y?k
General information
LocationBongnae-dong and Dongja-dong, Seoul
South Korea
Coordinates37°33?11?N 126°58?21?E / 37.55319°N 126.97260°E / 37.55319; 126.97260Coordinates: 37°33?11?N 126°58?21?E / 37.55319°N 126.97260°E / 37.55319; 126.97260
Operated by
Line(s)
Platforms
Tracks
  • 14 (Korail Intercity)
  • 2 (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
  • 2 (Seoul Metro Line 4.svg)
  • 1 (Gyeongui-Jungang Line)
  • 3 (AREX)
Construction
Structure typeAt-grade and underground (Subway and AREX)
Other information
Station code
  • P313 (Korail)
  • 133 (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)
  • 426 (Seoul Metro Line 4.svg)
  • A01 (AREX)
History
OpenedNovember 1925 (1925-11) (original station building)
Traffic
Passengers
  • 93,171 (Korail Intercity)[1]
  • 133,833 (Seoul Metro Line 1.svg)[2]
  • 32,687 (Seoul Metro Line 4.svg)[2]
  • 13,263 (Gyeongui-Jungang Line)[2]
  • 29,796 (AREX)[2]

Seoul Station is a major railway station in Seoul, the capital of South Korea. The station is served by the Gyeongui-Jungang Line, Line 1, AREX & Line 4.

Services

Seoul station and former Daewoo Group headquarters building

The station is the primary terminus for the KTX and express services to Busan or Mokpo. The station is also served by about a dozen trains per day on the Honam Line and its express Gwangju station and Mokpo. The station used to be the terminus for all long-distance trains on the Gyeongbu Line, Honam Line, Jeolla Line, and Janghang Lines, but in early 2004, the terminus for most Honam Line, Jeolla Line, and Janghang Line trains was moved to Yongsan.


AREX express trains provide service to Incheon International Airport Terminal 2 station. Service began December 29, 2010.

Seoul Subway serves the station with Line 1 and Line 4, and an hourly train on the Gyeongui-Jungang Line.

Around 2015, a large bus transfer center was built in front of the station's main entrance. It has about nine platforms that services different bus routes in Seoul. It is separated from the main roads with a barrier around the platforms. Yet having a rather complicated structure with many bus platforms, the transfer center is built in a simple manner as it is not a separate terminal building.[3]

Station layout

Korail

?Sinchon
| | | | | | 1 |
Terminus

? Sinchon
Seobu | | 14·13 | | 12·11 | | 10·9 | | 8·7 | | 6·5 | | 4·3 | | 2·1 |
Namyeong ?
Platform No. Line Train Destination
1 ?Gyeongui-Jungang Line B Express·A Express·Local For Digital Media City·Daegok·Ilsan·Munsan
1·2 Line 1 Former Cheonan·Sinchang Express A unusing
3·12 Gyeongbu Line KTX·ITX-Saemaeul·Mugunghwa-ho·Nooriro For Daejeon·Dongdaegu·Busan·Pohang·Masan·Suncheon·Sinhaeundae·Sinchang·Haengsin / Seoul Arrival
13·14 Gangneung Line KTX For Jinbu·Gangneung

AREX

? Terminus ?

  Local       Express

Gongdeok ? / Incheon Int'l Airport Terminal 1 ?

  • Platform numbers are not assigned; instead, platforms are classified as "express" or "local"

Platform layout (AREX)

AREX platform level Eastbound local -> AREX Local Alighting passengers only ->
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Westbound local AREX Local toward Incheon Int'l Airport Terminal 2 (Gongdeok)
Express AREX Express toward Incheon Int'l Airport Terminal 2 (Incheon Int'l Airport Terminal 1)
-> AREX Express Alighting passengers only ->
Side platform, doors will open on the right

Seoul Metro

Platform Line Destination
Line 1 Platform
To Sinchang/Incheon ?Line 1 For Guro·Incheon·Byeongjeom·Cheonan·Sinchang
To Soyosan ?Line 1 For Cheongnyangni·Kwangwoon University·Chang-dong·Uijeongbu·Soyosan
Line 4 Platform
To Danggogae ?Line 4 For Chungmuro·Dongdaemun·Nowon·Danggogae
To Oido ?Line 4 For Dongjak·Sadang·Geumjeong·Oido

Platform layout (Seoul Metro)

Line 1 platforms Southbound -> Line 1 toward Incheon or Sinchang (Namyeong) ->
Island platform, doors will open on the right
Northbound Line 1 toward Soyosan (City Hall)
Line 4 platforms Northbound Line 4 toward Danggogae (Hoehyeon)
Island platform, doors will open on the left
Southbound -> Line 4 toward Oido (Sookmyung Women's Univ.) ->

History

The former Seoul station, Namdaemun station, started operating in a 33 m2 (10 pyeong) wooden building in July 1900 with the extension of the Gyeongin Line north of the Han River. The Gyeongbu Line opened in 1905, and the Gyeongui Line opened in 1921 - both lines connecting to the station. The construction of the current "Old Seoul Station" began on June 1, 1922, and was finished on September 30, 1925.[4] In 1923, the station reverted to the name "Gyeongseong Station," when the name of the city of Seoul changed from Hanseong to Gyeongseong ("Keijo" in Japanese).

The station was renamed "Seoul Station" on November 1, 1947. The station was expanded throughout the post-Korean War era; the Southern Annex of Seoul station was completed on December 30, 1957, and the Western Annex was completed on February 14, 1969. In 1975, the Korea National Railroad's office moved from Seoul Station to the new West Annex Office. A raised walkway connecting the Seoul Station and the West Annex was completed on 1977, and Korea's first privately funded station was erected in 1988 in time for the Seoul Olympics. In 2004, a new terminal adjacent to the existing one was completed to coincide with the introduction of KTX high-speed rail service.[4]

Old Seoul station

The Old Seoul station (Korean; Hanja, literally meaning "Old Seoul station building"; 37°33?21?N 126°58?18?E / 37.5559°N 126.9716°E / 37.5559; 126.9716 (Old Seoul Station)), originally named Keijo (Gyeongseong) station and designed by Tsukamoto Yasushi of Tokyo Imperial University, was finished on November 1925. This red brick building, designed in an eclectic style, features a Byzantine-style central dome and a centralized and symmetrical layout.[5] The floor of the Central Hall on the ground floor was covered with granite and the walls were covered with man-made stone. The wooden floor inside the building's VIP Lounge was covered with birch wood and a western style restaurant was located on the 2nd floor.[4]

On September 25, 1981, the old station was designated as Historic Site 284.[4] A restoration project of the old station began on September 2007 to "transform the former Seoul Station, which had lost its functionality as a train station since the opening of the new KTX Station, into a premier national multidisciplinary cultural facility." On the same year, the management was transferred from the Cultural Heritage Administration to the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism. After the design for former Seoul Station's remodeling was developed in 2009, the remodeling construction began.[6]

On August 9, 2011, the station was reopened as a culture complex with its original exterior, after a two-year restoration project by the Ministry of Culture, Sports and Tourism and the state-run Korea Craft and Design Foundation (KCDF).[7] On April 2, 2012, "Culture Seoul Station 284" was officially launched "as a space for diverse artistic and cultural creation and exchange." The official name, which combines the station's historic, spatial, and urban symbolisms, was selected through a national open call. By combining the notion of a cultural space with the old Seoul Station's historic site number 284, the name aims to embody the concepts of preserving its appearance and value as a historic site while simultaneously cultivating the meaning of the station as a place of various cultural intersections. The restored station is a 9,202m2 building with two stories above ground and one story below ground level.[6] The former station, before the renovation, has the main lobby, a waiting room, and a VIP room on the first floor, and a barber shop and restaurants on the second floor. Post-renovation, the first floor contains a venue for performances, exhibitions and events, and a multipurpose hall on the floor above.[8]

General information

  • Korail Seoul station
  • Seoul Metro Line 1 Seoul station
    • Opening date : August 15, 1974
    • Operator : Seoul Metro
    • Address : Bongnaedong 2-ga, Jung-gu, Seoul
    • Platforms : 1, island
  • Seoul Metro Line 4 Seoul station
  • AREX Seoul station
    • Opening date : December 29, 2010
    • Operator : Korail Airport Co.
    • Platforms: 2, island

Gallery

See also

References

  1. ^ Monthly Number of Passengers between General Railroad Stations Archived October 8, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Korea Transportation Database, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  2. ^ a b c d Monthly Number of Passengers between Subway Stations Archived October 6, 2014, at the Wayback Machine. Korea Transportation Database, 2013. Retrieved 2013-10-15.
  3. ^ " - - 36 tips". Foursquare.com. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ a b c d "History". Culture Station 284. Archived from the original on January 29, 2017. Retrieved 2012.
  5. ^ "? (Seoul Station Building)". Seoul Metropolitan Government. 2003. Archived from the original on August 16, 2004. Retrieved 2009.
  6. ^ a b "Restoration Project". Culture Station 284. Archived from the original on April 15, 2013. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "Historic Seoul Station reopens". The Hankyoreh. August 10, 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^ "Old Seoul Station Gets New Lease of Life". Chosun Ilbo. August 10, 2011. Retrieved 2013.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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