|Founders||Vuk Dra?kovi? and Vojislav ?e?elj|
|Founded||14 March 1990|
|Headquarters||Knez Mihailova Street 48, Belgrade|
|Paramilitary wing||Serbian Guard (1991-92)|
"Anthem of the Serbian Renewal Movement"
|Assembly of Vojvodina|
|City Assembly of Belgrade|
The Serbian Renewal Movement party was founded in 1990 through the merger of Dra?kovi?'s faction from the Serbian National Renewal (SNO) party and Vojislav ?e?elj's Serbian Freedom Movement. ?e?elj left the party in 1991 after internal quarrels and founded the Serbian Radical Party.
The Democratic Movement of Serbia was formed in May 1992 as a political alliance made up primarily of SPO, New Democracy (ND), Democratic Party of Serbia (DSS). The political alliance however broke, and was dissolved in 1993. The SPO was part of the "Together" (Zajedno) coalition in the 1996 parliamentary election which received 23.8% of the popular vote, losing to the Socialist Party of Serbia (SPS). In 1997, Dra?kovi? ran twice for president but finished third in both elections. Its party won the third largest number of seats in that year's Serbian parliamentary elections. A dissident group inside the party abandoned the SPO and formed New Serbia (NS) in 1997.
In early 1999, the SPO joined the Slobodan Milo?evi?-led government, and Dra?kovi? became a Yugoslav Deputy Prime Minister. The SPO had a place in Serbia's Rambouillet Agreement delegation and held posts such as the Yugoslav Information Ministry to show a more pro-Western face to the world in the run-up to NATO's bombing campaign in 1999 against the country. In the midst of the war, Dra?kovi? and the SPO pulled out of the government, calling on Milo?evi? to surrender to NATO.
The SPO participated in an attempt to overthrow Milo?evi? in 1999, which faltered after Dra?kovi? broke off his alliance with opposition leader Zoran ?in?i?. This caused the anti-Milo?evi? elements to suggest that he was working for Milo?evi?.
In 2000 presidential and parliamentary elections in the Federal Republic of Yugoslavia in which Milo?evi? lost, the Serbian Renewal Movement overestimated its strength and ran independently, outside of the vast Democratic Opposition of Serbia coalition. Vojislav Mihajlovi?, grandson of Chetnik commander Dra?a Mihajlovi?, was its presidential candidate. He was opposed by Vojislav Ko?tunica of DOS, Slobodan Milo?evi? of the ruling SPS and Tomislav Nikoli? of the Serbian Radical Party. The SPO's vote collapsed, with its traditional voters drawn by Kostunica's conservative nationalism and by the fact that he was their best hope to remove Milo?evi? from power.
There was talk before the 5 October coup d'état of dissolving the Mirko Marjanovi? government in Serbia and setting up a government with the Serbian Radical Party. Following the coup, the SPO participated in a so-called national unity government that served effectively under DOS "coordinator" Zoran ?in?i?. In December 2000, after two months of DOS rule, Serbian parliamentary elections were held. The SPO, once the strongest opposition, failed to enter the parliament.
The party fought the December 2003 legislative elections in a coalition with New Serbia. The coalition received 7.7% of the popular vote and 22 seats in parliament. 13 of these were allocated to the SPO. In turn, the coalition had dispatched 8 deputies into the federal Assembly of Serbia and Montenegro.
SPO-NS became part of Vojislav Ko?tunica's first elected cabinet. Vuk Dra?kovi? was selected for Minister of Foreign Affairs.
Following a split in the party, 9 members of parliament joined the newly formed Serbian Democratic Renewal Movement leaving the SPO with only 4. One of the 4 was then bought off by the political tycoon Bogoljub Kari? to form his party's list.
The SPO participated in the 2007 election independently and received 3.33% of the vote, winning no seats.
In the 2008 elections the SPO took part in the For a European Serbia coalition under President Boris Tadi?, receiving 38.42% of the vote and 102 seats in parliament. Four seats were given to the SPO along with the Ministry of Diaspora portfolio.
|#||President||Born-Died||Term start||Term end|
|1||Vuk Dra?kovi?||1946-||14 March 1990||Incumbent|
|Year||Popular vote||% of popular vote||# of seats||Seat change||Coalitions||Government|
|2014||1,736,920||48.35%||1||Around SNS||gov?t support|
|2016||1,823,147||48.25%||2||Around SNS||gov?t support|
|Election year||#||Candidate||1st round votes||%||2nd round votes||%||Notes|
|1992||2nd||Milan Pani?||1,516,693||32.11||--||--||Independent candidate; support|
|Sep 1997||3rd||Vuk Dra?kovi?||852,800||20.64||--||--||Election declared invalid due to low turnout|
|Dec 1997||3rd||Vuk Dra?kovi?||587,776||15.42||--||--|
|2004||4th||Dragan Mar?i?anin||414,971||13.31||--||--||Government Coalition|
|2012||6th||?edomir Jovanovi?||196,668||5.03||--||--||U-Turn coalition|
|2017||1st||Aleksandar Vu?i?||2,012,788||55.05||--||--||Government coalition|
|Election year||#||Candidate||1st round votes||%||2nd round votes||%|