Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
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Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps
USMC-E9-SGMMC.svg
Troy Black October 2019.jpg
Incumbent
SMMC Troy E. Black

since July 26, 2019
 United States Marine Corps
AbbreviationSMMC
Reports toCommandant of the Marine Corps
SeatHeadquarters Marine Corps
AppointerCommandant of the Marine Corps
Term length4 years
FormationMay 23, 1957
First holderWilbur Bestwick
Unofficial namesSergeant Major
Websitewww.hqmc.marines.mil/smmc

Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps (officially abbreviated to SMMC[1][2]) is a billet, as well as a unique enlisted grade of rank, with a unique non-commissioned grade of rank insignia, in the United States Marine Corps.

History

Rank insignia of the SMMC from 1957 to 1970; became the rank insignia for a sergeant major afterwards.

In the U.S. Marine Corps, sergeant major is the ninth and highest enlisted rank, just above first sergeant, and equal in grade to master gunnery sergeant, although the two have different responsibilities. A sergeant major typically serves as the unit commander's senior enlisted adviser and to handle matters of discipline and morale among the enlisted Marines. The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is chosen by the Commandant of the Marine Corps to serve as his adviser and is the preeminent and highest ranking enlisted Marine, unless an enlisted marine is serving as the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Chairman. The SMMC holds an order of precedence of a lieutenant general.[3]

Although not officially considered a Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps, when Archibald Sommers was appointed to the grade of Sergeant Major January 1, 1801, it was a solitary post, similar to the modern billet of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. In 1833, an act of legislation made the rank of sergeant major permanent for the Marine Corps and by 1899 five Marines held the rank of sergeant major. This continued until 1946, when the rank was abolished, only to be re-introduced in 1954 as part of the Marine Corps rank structure.[4]

The post of Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was established in 1957 from the order of Assistant Chief of Staff for Personnel at Headquarters Marine Corps, Brigadier general James P. Berkeley, as the Senior Enlisted Advisor to the Commandant of the Marine Corps,[4] the first such post in any of the five branches of the United States Armed Forces.[5] In 1970, the rank insignia of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps was authorized (which features three stripes, the Eagle, Globe, and Anchor flanked by two five-point stars in the center, and four rockers) as opposed to the standard Sergeant Major rank insignia (which features three stripes, one five-point star in the center, and four rockers), which was used for the rank from the post's creation in 1957 to 1970. While "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps" is the full wording of the rank, the verbal address for this is commonly Sergeant Major.

The Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps is selected by the Commandant of the Marine Corps and typically serves a four-year term, though his service is at the discretion of the Commandant.[5] Since Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick was appointed the first Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps in 1957, 17 different Marines have filled this post.[6]

On January 20, 2015, the Commandant of the Marine Corps, General Joseph Dunford announced that Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green would relieve Sergeant Major Micheal Barrett and serve as the 18th Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps on February 20, 2015.[7]

In April, 2019, Sergeant Major Troy E. Black was announced to be the next Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps. Black succeeded Sergeant Major Green at a ceremony on July 26, 2019.[8]

Sergeants Major of the Marine Corps

# Picture Name Tenure from Tenure to Duration
1 black & white photograph of Wilbur Bestwick Bestwick Wilbur Bestwick[9] 2 years, 101 days
2 black & white photograph of Francis D. Rauber Rauber Francis D. Rauber[10] 2 years, 301 days
3 black & white photograph of Thomas J. McHugh McHugh Thomas J. McHugh[11] 3 years, 18 days
4 black & white photograph of Herbert J. Sweet Sweet Herbert J. Sweet[12] 4 years, 15 days
5 black & white photograph of Joseph W. Dailey Dailey Joseph W. Dailey[13] 3 years, 184 days
6 black & white photograph of Clinton A. Puckett Puckett Clinton A. Puckett[14] 2 years, 120 days
7 black & white photograph of Henry H. Black Black Henry H. Black[15] 1 year, 304 days
8 black & white photograph of John R. Massaro Massaro John R. Massaro[16] 2 years, 137 days
9 black & white photograph of Leland D. Crawford Crawford Leland D. Crawford[17] 3 years, 316 days
10 Cleary RE.jpg Cleary Robert E. Cleary[18] 3 years, 364 days
11 black & white photograph of David W. Sommers Sommers David W. Sommers[19] 4 years, 1 day
12 black & white photograph of Harold G. Overstreet Overstreet Harold G. Overstreet[20] 4 years, 2 days
13 black & white photograph of Lewis G. Lee Lee Lewis G. Lee[21] 3 years, 364 days
14 color photograph of Alford L. McMichael McMichael Alford L. McMichael[22] 3 years, 362 days
15 color photograph of John L. Estrada Estrada John L. Estrada[23] 3 years, 303 days
16 color photograph of Carlton W. Kent Kent Carlton W. Kent[24] 4 years, 45 days
17 color photograph of Micheal P. Barrett Barrett Micheal P. Barrett[25] 3 years, 256 days
18 color photograph of Ronald L. Green Green Ronald L. Green[26] 4 years, 156 days
19 color photograph of Troy E. Black Black Troy E. Black[27] Incumbent 253 days

Timeline

Troy E. BlackRonald L. GreenMicheal BarrettCarlton W. KentJohn L. EstradaAlford L. McMichaelLewis G. LeeHarold G. OverstreetDavid W. SommersRobert E. ClearyLeland D. CrawfordJohn R. MassaroHenry H. BlackClinton A. PuckettJoseph W. DaileyHerbert J. SweetThomas J. McHughFrancis D. RauberWilbur Bestwick

See also

References

General
  • "The Official Web Site of the Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". United States Marine Corps. Retrieved .
Specific
  1. ^ "ALMAR 016/09: 2009 Sergeants Major Symposium". United States Marine Corps. 2009-05-13. Archived from the original on 24 February 2013. Retrieved 2009.
  2. ^ SMMC on TheFreeDictionary.com
  3. ^ Order of Precedence - OPNAVINST 1710.7J (NOTES: 7)
  4. ^ a b "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved .
  5. ^ a b Estrada, John L. "Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps". 15smmc.com. Retrieved .[dead link]
  6. ^ "Previous SMMC". hqmc.marines.mil. Retrieved .
  7. ^ "Next Sergeant Major of the Marine Corps Announced". January 20, 2015. Retrieved 2015.
  8. ^ "Marines name next sergeant major of the Corps". 2019-04-25.
  9. ^ "Sergeant Major Wilbur Bestwick, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  10. ^ "Sergeant Major Francis Drury Rauber, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Sergeant Major Thomas J. McHugh, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved .
  12. ^ "Sergeant Major Herbert J. Sweet, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  13. ^ "Sergeant Major Joseph W. Dailey, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved .
  14. ^ "Sergeant Major Clinton A. Puckett, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  15. ^ "Sergeant Major Henry H. Black, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Sergeant Major John R. Massaro, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "Sergeant Major Leland D. Crawford, USMC (Deceased)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  18. ^ "Sergeant Major Robert E. Cleary, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2010-12-15. Retrieved .
  19. ^ "Sergeant Major David W. Sommers, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  20. ^ "Sergeant Major Harold G. Overstreet, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  21. ^ "Sergeant Major Lewis G. Lee, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-05-16. Retrieved .
  22. ^ "Sergeant Major Alford L. McMichael, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-07-22. Retrieved .
  23. ^ "Sergeant Major John L. Estrada, USMC (Retired)". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2010-12-14. Retrieved .
  24. ^ "Sergeant Major Carlton W. Kent, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Archived from the original on 2011-06-15. Retrieved .
  25. ^ "Sergeant Major Michael P. Barrett, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved .
  26. ^ "Sergeant Major Ronald L. Green, USMC". Who's Who in Marine Corps History. Marine Corps Historical Division. Retrieved .
  27. ^ "Sergeant Major Troy E. Black, USMC". Marines.Mil. United States Marine Corps. Retrieved .

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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