Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt
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Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt
Egypt
c. 1580 BC-c. 1550 BC
Sarcophagus of Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef, Louvre Museum
Sarcophagus of Sekhemre-Wepmaat Intef, Louvre Museum
CapitalThebes
Common languagesEgyptian language
Religion
ancient Egyptian religion
GovernmentAbsolute monarchy
Historical eraBronze Age
o Established
c. 1580 BC
o Disestablished
c. 1550 BC

The Seventeenth Dynasty of Egypt (notated Dynasty XVII, alternatively 17th Dynasty or Dynasty 17) is classified as the third dynasty of the Second Intermediate Period of Egypt. The 17th Dynasty dates approximately from 1580 to 1550 BC.[1] Its mainly Theban rulers are contemporary with the Hyksos of the Fifteenth Dynasty and succeed the Sixteenth Dynasty, which was also based in Thebes.

In March 2012, French archeologists examining a limestone door in the Precinct of Amun-Re at Karnak discovered hieroglyphs with the name Senakhtenre, the first evidence of this king dating to his lifetime.[2]

The last two kings of the dynasty opposed the Hyksos rule over Egypt and initiated a war that would rid Egypt of the Hyksos kings and began a period of unified rule, the New Kingdom of Egypt.

Kamose, the second son of Seqenenre Tao and last king of the Seventeenth Dynasty, was the brother of Ahmose I, the first king of the Eighteenth Dynasty.

Pharaohs of the 17th Dynasty

The Pharaohs of the 17th Dynasty ruled for approximately 30 years. Known rulers of the 17th Dynasty are as follows:[1]

Seventeenth Dynasty pharaohs
Pharaoh Image Throne Name / Prenomen Reign Burial Consort(s) Comments
Rahotep Rahotep stele BM Budge.png Sekhemre-wahkhaw c. 1585 BC
Sobekemsaf I RedGraniteStatueOfSobkemsafI(Detail)-BritishMuseum-August19-08.jpg Sekhemre-wadjkhaw 7 years Nubemhat
Sobekemsaf II Statuette Sobekemsaf Petrie b Sekhemre-shedtawy Robbed during the reign of Ramesses IX Nubkhaes
Intef V Louvre 122006 050 Sekhemre-wepmaat Dra' Abu el-Naga'?
Intef VI WoodenCoffinOfIntef-BritishMuseum-August21-08 Nubkheperre Dra' Abu el-Naga' Sobekemsaf
Intef VII Louvres-antiquites-egyptiennes-img 2848-CloseUp.png Sekhemre-heruhermaat Haankhes
Ahmose Relief Senakhtenre by Khruner Senakhtenre 1 year Tetisheri
Tao Sequenre tao.JPG Seqenenre c. 1560 (4 years) Ahmose Inhapy
Sitdjehuti
Ahhotep I
Died in battle against the Hyksos
Kamose Sarcophage-Kamose Wadjkheperre 1555 to 1550 BC (5 years) Ahhotep II?

Finally, king Nebmaatre may have been a ruler of the early 17th Dynasty.[3]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b Shaw, Ian, ed. (2000). The Oxford History of Ancient Egypt. Oxford University Press. p. 481. ISBN 0-19-815034-2.
  2. ^ "A Pharaoh of the Seventeenth dynasty identified at Karnak". CFEETK - Centre Franco-Égyptien d'Étude des Temples de Karnak. Archived from the original on 2012-03-11.
  3. ^ K. S. B. Ryholt, Adam Bülow-Jacobse, The political situation in Egypt during the second intermediate period, c. 1800-1550 B.C., pp 168, 170, 171, 179, 204, 400

External links

Preceded by
16th Dynasty
Dynasty of Egypt
1585 - 1550 BC
Succeeded by
18th Dynasty



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