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Nasr speaks and writes on subjects such as philosophy, religion, spirituality, music, art, architecture, science, literature, civilizational dialogues, and the natural environment. He has also written two books of poetry (Poems of the Way and The Pilgrimage of Life and the Wisdom of Rumi) and has been described as a "polymath".
Nasr was born in 1933 in south-central Tehran to Seyyed Valiallah, who was a physician to the Persian royal family, and one of the founders of modern education in Iran. He wrote many essays which still remain in manuscript form, some of which have been assembled by Nasr into a book called Danish wa Akhlaq (''Knowledge and Ethics''). His parents were originally from Kashan. He is a descendant of Sheikh Fazlollah Nouri from his mother's side, through him is related to the communistNoureddin Kianouri, is the cousin of Iranian philosopher Ramin Jahanbegloo as well as the father of American academic Vali Nasr.
At the age of twenty-five, Nasr graduated with a PhD from Harvard and completed his first book, Science and Civilization in Islam, the title being a direct tribute to Science and Civilization in China, the work by Joseph Needham which had for task to present to Westerners the complex developments of the history of science and technology in China, a mission Nasr was himself following for the Islamic civilization, "although I was working single-handedly, a twenty-five-year-old scholar, and he had a whole group working with him at Cambridge". His doctoral dissertation entitled "Conceptions of Nature in Islamic Thought" was published in 1964 by Harvard University Press as An Introduction to Islamic Cosmological Doctrines.
Nasr rejects the theory of evolution, claiming that it is "an ideology, it is not ordinary science" and "more a pseudo-religion than a scientific theory." The sociologist Farzin Vahdat sees this as part of Nasr's rejection of secular reason and secular science, and more broadly of the modern world.
From the Pen of Seyyed Hossein Nasr: A Bibliography of His Works Through His Eightieth Year, edited by Nicholas Boylston, Oludamini Ogunnaike, and Syed A.H. Zaidi
Islam and Modernity: Dissecting the Thought of Seyyed Hossein Nasr: A Discourse on the Compatibility or Incompatibility of Islam with Modernity (Lap Lambert Academic Publishing, 2011) by Musa Yusuf Owoyemi
Traditional Islamic Environmentalism: The Vision of Seyyed Hossein Nasr (University Press of America, 2013) by Tarik M. Quadir
^ abcdeZachary Markwith (2010). "Review: Seyyed Hossein Nasr, Islam in the Modern World: Challenged by the West, Threatened by Fundamentalism, Keeping Faith with Tradition (Harper Collins, New York, 2010) Sacred Web Vol. 28 pp 103-116 
^Mozaffari, A. (2010). Inscribing a Homeland: Iranian Identity and the pre-Islamic and Islamic Collective Imaginations of Place. p. 231
^Trine Stauning Willet, Krzysztof Stala, Catharina Raudvere (eds), Rethinking the Space for Religion: New Actors in Central and Southeast Europe on Religion, Authenticity and Belonging (Nordic Academic Press, Jan 1, 2012) p. 269, 272.
^ abZachary Markwith (2009). Muslim Intellectuals and the Perennial Philosophy in the Twentieth Century, Sophia Perennis Vol. 1, Number 1 pp. 39-98 
^John Andrew Morrow, Religion and Revolution: Spiritual and Political Islam in Ernesto Cardenal (Cambridge Scholars Publishing, Mar 15, 2012) p.8
^ abcAsfa Widiyanto (2016). The reception of Seyyed Hossein Nasr's ideas within the Indonesian intellectual landscape, Indonesian Journal for Islamic Studies Vol. 23, no. 2, 2016 pp. 193-236
^Foltz, Richard (2013). "Ecology in Islam". In Runehov, Anne L. C.; Oviedo, Lluis (eds.). Encyclopedia of Sciences and Religions. Springer. p. 675. ISBN978-1402082641.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)