Sham Shui Po District
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Sham Shui Po District

Sham Shui Po

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Sham Shui Po District
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Day view of the Sham Shui Po District skyline
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Location of Sham Shui Po within Hong Kong
Coordinates: 22°19?51?N 114°09?44?E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220Coordinates: 22°19?51?N 114°09?44?E / 22.33074°N 114.16220°E / 22.33074; 114.16220
Country Hong Kong
RegionKowloon
Constituencies21
Government
 o District Council chairmanAmbrose Cheung BBS, MH, JP (Independent)
 o District OfficerDamian Kwok-hung Lee
Area
 o Total9.48 km2 (3.66 sq mi)
Population
(2016[1])
 o Total405,869
 o Density43,000/km2 (110,000/sq mi)
Time zoneUTC+8 (Hong Kong Time)
WebsiteSham Shui Po District Council
Sham Shui Po District
Traditional Chinese?
Simplified Chinese?
JyutpingSam1seoi2bou2 keoi1

Sham Shui Po District (Chinese: ?; Cantonese Yale: S?mséuibóu k?ui) is one of 18 districts of Hong Kong. It is the poorest district in Hong Kong, with a predominantly working-class population of 405,869 in 2016 and the lowest median household income of all districts.[2] Sham Shui Po has long been home to poorer new immigrants from mainland China. It also saw the birth of public housing in Hong Kong, as the government sought to resettle those displaced by a devastating fire in its slums. Sham Shui Po also hosted a Vietnamese refugee camp during the influx of migration in the aftermath of the Vietnam War.

The district covers the Shek Kip Mei, Sham Shui Po, Cheung Sha Wan, Lai Chi Kok and Yau Yat Chuen areas of New Kowloon, and Stonecutter's Island of Kowloon.

Administration

Sham Shui Po District administers:

Demographics and housing

Buildings in Sham Shui Po

Sham Shui Po was already a densely populated district in the 1950s and 1960s. It is poverty-stricken, having the lowest median monthly domestic household income among the 18 districts. It has the highest percentage of elderly people over 65 years. The percentage of new immigrants is also very high. Living conditions of grass-roots families in this district remain a social issue. [3]

Mei Foo Sun Chuen in Lai Chi Kok, built in 1968 - 1978, was Hong Kong's first large-scale private housing estate. It comprises eight phases with a total of 99 blocks.[4]

Public Housing

There are 18 public housing estates in the Sham Shui Po District, divided into sub-districts:

University

The main campus of City University of Hong Kong, was located in Tat Chee Avenue,[5] Sham Shui Po District.[6]

Transport

There are four railway lines serving Sham Shui Po District:

MTR

People outside Sham Shui Po MTR station.

Buses

There are also various bus routes serving the district. Most of them are operated by Kowloon Motor Bus, and some by New World First Bus and Citybus. These three companies also jointly operate some routes, most of these crossing the harbour to the Hong Kong Island.

  • Kowloon Motor Bus: 2, 2A, 2B, 2D, 2E, 2F, 6, 6A, 6C, 6D, 6F, 12, 12A, 13P, 18, 30, 30X, 31B, 32, 33A, 35A, 36A, 36B, 37, 38, 38A, 40, 40P, 41, 42, 42A, 42C, 43C, 44, 45, 46, 46X, 52X, 58X, 59X, 60X, 61X, 62X, 63X, 66X, 67X, 68X, 69X, 72, 81, 86, 86A, 86C, 87B, 98C, 98S, 203C, 212, 230X, 234X, 238X, 242X, 258D, 259C, 259D, 265B, 268C, 269C, 286C, 296C
  • New World First Bus: 701, 701S, 702, 702A, 702S, 796C, 970, 970X, 971
  • Citybus: A21, E21, E21A, E22, E22A, E22P, E22S, E22X, N21, N21A, N26, N29
  • Cross Harbour Tunnel:102, 102P, 102R, 104, 112, 117, 118, 118P, 171, 171A, 171P, 904, 905, 914, 914P, 914X, N118, N122, N171

See also

References

  1. ^ "2016 Population Census: Summary Results Table A201a Population by District Council District and Year" (in English and Chinese). Census and Statistics Department, Hong Kong Government. 2016. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Basic Tables for District Council Districts: Hong Kong 2006 By-Census
  3. ^ Living conditions in Hong Kong's poorest district have got worse in last four years ago, SCMP 2017-04-23 Retrieved 2018-05-24
  4. ^ The birth of Hong Kong's middle class: Mei Foo Sun Chuen, the first private housing estate , SCMP 2017-04-16 Retrieved 2018-05-24
  5. ^ https://www.cityu.edu.hk/cityu/geninfo/siteinfo.htm#contact
  6. ^ "District Council Constituency Boundaries - Sham Shui Po District" (PDF). Hong Kong: Electoral Affairs Commission. January 2015. Retrieved 2019.

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Sham_Shui_Po_District
 



 



 
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