|Locale||Shanghai, Jiangsu, Anhui, Hubei, Chongqing, Sichuan|
|Opened||July 1, 2014|
|Operator(s)||China Railway High-speed|
|Line length||2078 km|
|Operating speed||350-200 km/h (220-120 mph)|
|Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu passenger railway|
Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu passenger railway (Chinese: ), is a fully completed high-speed railway corridor operated by China Railway High-speed. The Chinese name of the railway line, Huhanrong, is a combination of the abbreviations for Shanghai (?, Hù), Wuhan (?, Hàn), and Chengdu (?, Róng), three major cities along the line.
The Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu passenger-dedicated line is one of the four east-west high-speed rail corridors outlined in China's national high-speed rail plan. From east to west, it will connect the major cities of Shanghai (a provincial-level municipality), Nanjing (the capital of Jiangsu), Hefei (the capital of Anhui), Wuhan (the capital of Hubei), Chongqing (a province-level municipality), and Chengdu (the capital of Sichuan). The total population of the four provinces and two municipalities served by this rail line is over 320 million (as of 2008).
Despite its name, the line is actually a medium-speed railway designed to run at a maximum speed of 200 km/h (120 mph) between Nanjing and Chongqing. The newer Yangtze River passageway, running parallel to it at 350 km/h (220 mph), is being planned to manage the increasing passenger traffic.
All sections are now operational.
Operational lines are marked with green background.
|PDL through the Yangtze Valley consisting the Shanghai-Nanjing section of the Beijing-Shanghai line, and 7 mixed-use HSR segments connecting Nanjing, Hefei, Wuhan, Yichang, Lichuan, Chongqing, Suining & Chengdu.||350-200||2078||2003-12-01||2014-07-01|
(Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway)
|Shares tracks with the Beijing-Shanghai High-Speed Railway||350||301||2008-04-18||2011-06-30|
(Hefei-Nanjing passenger railway)
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Nanjing & Hefei||250||166||2005-06-11||2008-04-18|
(Hefei-Wuhan passenger railway)
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Hefei & Wuhan||250||351||2005-08-01||2008-12-31|
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Wuhan & Yichang||200||293||2008-09-17||2012-07-01|
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Yichang & Lichuan||200||377||2003-12-01||2014-07-01|
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Lichuan & Chongqing||200||264||2008-12-29||2013-12-28|
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Chongqing & Suining||200||132||2009-01-18||2009-9-29|
|Mixed passenger & freight HSR connecting Suining & Chengdu.||200||148||2005-05||2009-06-30|
From Nanjing to Hefei, the line is called the Hefei-Nanjing passenger railway. The Hefei-Nanjing Passenger Railway is shared with the Nanjing-Xi'an railway. It has a designed speed of 250 km/h (160 mph). At Hefei, a connection is available to the Hefei-Bengbu high-speed railway, which is a branch line of the Beijing-Shanghai high-speed railway, although both Shanghai-Chengdu Main Line and Hefei-Bengbu branch has now mostly used Hefei South Railway Station instead.
From Hefei to Wuhan, the line is called the Hefei-Wuhan passenger railway, with a designed speed of 250 km/h (160 mph). At Wuhan, a connection is available to the Beijing-Guangzhou-Shenzhen-Hong Kong high-speed railway, an important north-south railway line from Beijing to Guangzhou and Kowloon, Hong Kong, although Hankou Railway Station instead of Wuhan Station is on the main line.
The Yichang-Wanzhou railway connects the cities of Yichang, Lichuan, and Wanzhou. The Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu passenger-dedicated line only uses the Yichang to Lichuan portion of the Yichang-Wanzhou Railway. (The actual splitting point of Yichang-Wanzhou and Chongqing-Lichuan railways is Liangwu railway station)
Due to harsh terrains some part of this section has a maximum speed of 140-160km/h, which is the lowest in China's high-speed network.
The Dazhou-Chengdu railway is a railway connecting the cities of Dazhou, Suining, and Chengdu. The Shanghai-Wuhan-Chengdu passenger-dedicated line uses only the section from Suining to Chengdu. Chengdu marks the western terminus of the line.
The newly constructed Chengdu-Chongqing intercity railway links Chengdu and Chongqing directly using a southern route(via Neijiang). This line is operated at 300-310km/h which is much faster than the above two lines.
While some sections of the line parallels existing conventional railways, others have been constructed on a new separate alignment, done to avoid difficult terrain, provide a more direct route or to serve areas where no rail service existed before. In particular, until the completion of the Shanghai-Nanjing intercity railway, passenger trains between Shanghai and Nanjing ran on the "conventional", but greatly upgraded, Jinghu railway; conventional railways likewise have long existed along fairly direct routes between Nanjing and Hefei, or between Chongqing and Chengdu.
On the other hand, the Hefei-Wuhan railway, which involved a significant amount of tunneling when passing through the Dabie Mountains, allowed to significantly shorten the railway distance between Nanjing and Wuhan. The Yichang-Lichuan-Wanzhou and Lichuan-Chongqing sections are routed through the mountainous areas of the southwestern Hubei and the eastern section Chongqing Municipality, where no railways or reliable highways previously existed, providing a much more direct rail connection between the Sichuan Basin and Eastern China than previously existing ones (such as the one using the older Xiangyu railway).