Shaoyang
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Shaoyang
Shaoyang


Paoking
The River God Temple ()
The River God Temple ()
Location of Shaoyang City jurisdiction in Hunan
Location of Shaoyang City jurisdiction in Hunan
Shaoyang is located in Hunan
Shaoyang
Shaoyang
Location of the city centre in Hunan
Coordinates (Shaoyang municipal government): 27°14?22?N 111°28?04?E / 27.2395°N 111.4679°E / 27.2395; 111.4679Coordinates: 27°14?22?N 111°28?04?E / 27.2395°N 111.4679°E / 27.2395; 111.4679
CountryPeople's Republic of China
ProvinceHunan
County-level divisions
  • 3 Districts
  • 1 county-level city
  • 7 counties
  • 1 autonomous county
Township-level divisions
  • 21 Subdistricts
  • 97 towns
  • 78 townships
  • 21 ethnic townships
Village-level divisions
  • 335 residential communities
  • 5,551 villages
Municipal seatDaxiang District
Area
 o Prefecture-level city20,829.63 km2 (8,042.37 sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2017)[1]
83.00 km2 (32.05 sq mi)
 o Districts[1]436.0 km2 (168.3 sq mi)
Population
(2010)
 o Prefecture-level city7,071,741
 o Density340/km2 (880/sq mi)
 o Urban
 (2017)[1]
679,599
 o Districts[1]
838,000
Time zoneUTC+8 (China Standard)
Postal code
422000
Area code(s)0739
ISO 3166 codeCN-HN-05
Licence plate prefixes?E
Administrative division code430500

Shaoyang (simplified Chinese: ; traditional Chinese: ; pinyin: Shàoyáng), formerly named Baoqing (Paoking) (Chinese: ), is a prefecture-level city in southwestern Hunan province, China, bordering Guangxi to the south. It has a history of 2500 years and remains an important commercial and transportation city in Hunan. It has a city area and eight suburban counties, with a population of 7.6 million, the largest in Hunan province.

One of the major forest areas in Hunan, Shaoyang has a forest coverage of 42.7%. The 23,000,000 acres (93,000 km2) NanShan Pastures is one of the biggest in Southern China which provide dairy products and meat for Hunanese.

Shaoyang is home to Shaoyang University. The school is composed of former Shaoyang Normal College and Shaoyang College.

The Shaoyang dialect of Lou Shao group of dialects of Xiang is generally spoken here.

Climate

Shaoyang has a monsoon-influenced, four-season humid subtropical climate (Köppen Cfa), with cool, damp winters, and hot, humid summers. Winter begins relatively dry but not sunny and becomes progressively damper and cloudier; spring brings both the most frequent and heaviest rain of the year. Summer is comparatively sunny, while autumn is somewhat dry. The monthly 24-hour average temperatures ranges from 5.2 °C (41.4 °F) in January to 28.2 °C (82.8 °F) in July, while the annual mean is 17.05 °C (62.7 °F). The annual precipitation is about 1,340 mm (53 in).

Climate data for Shaoyang (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 24.3
(75.7)
28.9
(84.0)
35.9
(96.6)
34.5
(94.1)
36.2
(97.2)
37.4
(99.3)
39.5
(103.1)
38.6
(101.5)
37.1
(98.8)
35.3
(95.5)
33.0
(91.4)
24.6
(76.3)
39.5
(103.1)
Average high °C (°F) 8.7
(47.7)
10.2
(50.4)
14.4
(57.9)
21.1
(70.0)
26.0
(78.8)
29.4
(84.9)
32.8
(91.0)
32.4
(90.3)
28.3
(82.9)
23.0
(73.4)
17.4
(63.3)
12.1
(53.8)
21.3
(70.4)
Daily mean °C (°F) 5.2
(41.4)
6.7
(44.1)
10.7
(51.3)
16.9
(62.4)
21.6
(70.9)
25.2
(77.4)
28.2
(82.8)
27.6
(81.7)
23.7
(74.7)
18.3
(64.9)
12.8
(55.0)
7.7
(45.9)
17.1
(62.7)
Average low °C (°F) 2.6
(36.7)
4.3
(39.7)
7.9
(46.2)
13.7
(56.7)
18.3
(64.9)
22.0
(71.6)
24.4
(75.9)
24.1
(75.4)
20.3
(68.5)
14.9
(58.8)
9.4
(48.9)
4.5
(40.1)
13.9
(57.0)
Record low °C (°F) -10.5
(13.1)
-6.0
(21.2)
-0.6
(30.9)
2.2
(36.0)
9.6
(49.3)
14.1
(57.4)
18.1
(64.6)
18.5
(65.3)
12.2
(54.0)
3.2
(37.8)
-1.6
(29.1)
-6.9
(19.6)
-10.5
(13.1)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 67.5
(2.66)
82.8
(3.26)
118.4
(4.66)
166.2
(6.54)
198.7
(7.82)
200.4
(7.89)
125.4
(4.94)
124.3
(4.89)
79.6
(3.13)
87.7
(3.45)
59.6
(2.35)
33.8
(1.33)
1,344.4
(52.92)
Average precipitation days 15.3 15.3 18.6 17.8 16.9 15.2 11.4 11.6 8.8 11.7 10.1 9.6 162.3
Source: Weather China

Administrative divisions

Map including Shaoyang (labeled as SHAO-YANG (PAOKING) (Walled) ) (AMS, 1954)

Shaoyang administers three districts, two county-level cities, six counties, and one autonomous county.

Districts:

County-level City:

Counties:

Autonomous county:

Demographics

According to the Sixth National Census in 2010, Shaoyang's permanent residence population of 7,071,741 ranked it 2nd out of 14 prefecture-level divisions of Hunan; the male-female ratio was 107.95 to 100. Educational attainment levels were as follows: 4.49% bachelor's or higher, 60.01% middle school () or higher, and the illiteracy rate was 3.24%. There were 1,950,605 households in which 6,913,913 resided, forming 97.77% of the provincial population and resulting in an average of 3.54 persons/household. Age distribution was as follows: 1,512,664 (21.39%)

Shaoyang administrative and population data
Division Area[2]
(km2)
Permanent residents[3]
(2010 Census)
Hukou permits[4]
(late 2009)
Divisions[5]
Subdistricts Towns Townships Including
ethnic
townships
Residential
communities
Villages
SHAOYANG CITY 20,829.63 7,071,741 7,705,957 21 97 99 21 335 5551
Shuangqing District 137.08 307,980 270,458 6 2 4 54 63
Daxiang District 214.66 340,605 309,752 6 2 4 44 81
Beita District 84.39 104,609 87,714 2 3 14 40
Shaodong city 1,776.38 896,625 1,260,966 3 16 9 33 977
Xinshao County 1,762.97 743,073 764,905 11 4 28 652
Shaoyang County 1,996.88 915,600 999,148 12 10 23 633
Longhui County 2,871.16 1,095,392 1,156,917 15 11 2 41 964
Dongkou County 2184.01 770,473 833,003 10 12 3 23 566
Suining County 2,898.89 351,139 363,740 6 19 14 14 348
Xinning County 2,751.31 560,742 607,055 9 9 2 15 474
Chengbu Miao Autonomous County 2,619.76 250,633 267,921 6 5 21 271
Wugang City 1,532.15 734,870 784,378 4 8 9 25 482

Government

The current CPC Party Secretary of Shaoyang is Gong Congmi and the current Mayor is Liu Shiqing.

Transportation

Railway

Shaoyang has four main railway station: Shaoyang Railway Station () (Fast Train, K and Highspeed train, G), Shaoyang Railway Station (?) (Old, North, Freight), Shaodong railway station [zh] (Fast Train, K and Highspeed train, G) and Shaoyang North railway station, in Xinshao County (Highspeed train, G and D). The Loudi-Shaoyang railway [zh] and Shanghai-Kunming high-speed railway pass through Shaoyang.

Airport

Shaoyang Wugang Airport was opened on 28 June 2017.[6] It is located 9 kilometres (5.6 mi) north of Wugang, a county-level city under the administration of Shaoyang, and 100 kilometres (62 mi) from the urban center of Shaoyang.[6]

The airport has a 2,600-meter runway and a 3,000-square-meter terminal building. It is projected to handle 250,000 passengers and 500 tons of cargo annually by 2020.[7]

Economy

2011 Shaoyang GDP figures[8]
(GDP in millions CNY/USD; per capita GDP in CNY)
Division RMB USD Purchasing power
(USD)
Growth (%) Percentage (%) Per capita GDP
SHAOYANG CITY 90,723 14,046 21,740 13.2 100 12,797
City proper 18,308 2,835 4,387 20.18
Shuangqing District 8,175.09 1,265.73 1,959.00 12.6 9.01
Daxiang District 8,063.65 1,248.47 1,932.29 15.2 8.89
Beita District 2,069.27 320.38 495.86 15.1 2.28 19,698
Outlying 76,358 11,822 18,298 84.17
Shaodong County 20,220.00 3,130.61 4,845.32 14.4 22.29 22,299
Xinshao County 7,429.81 1,150.34 1,780.41 13.6 8.19 9,998
Shaoyang County 8,108.55 1,255.43 1,943.05 12.2 8.94 7,796
Longhui County 9,332.00 1,444.85 2,236.23 11.6 10.29 8,499
Dongkou County 9,012.00 1,395.31 2,159.55 12.6 9.93 11,784
Suining County 5,018.45 776.99 1,202.57 12.2 5.53
Xinning County 5,307.47 821.74 1,271.83 11.7 5.85 9,425
Chengbu County 2,320.63 359.30 556.09 11.5 2.56 9,238
Wugang City 7,932.57 1,228.18 1,900.88 13.8 8.74 10,746

Although it is, by 2010 Census permanent resident population, the second-largest prefecture-level division of Hunan, its GDP (4.62% of provincial output) places it ninth within the province, making it an archetypal example of a large-population, relatively backwards-economy city. The GDP per capita of 12,797 CNY is the lowest in the province, and is only 42.9% of the provincial average, 36.5% of the national average, and 78% of even Guizhou's corresponding figure.[8] Primary, secondary, and tertiary sectors respectively accounted for 23.9%, 38.2%, and 37.9% of the economy.

Noted people

Twin cities

References

  1. ^ a b c d Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development, ed. (2019). China Urban Construction Statistical Yearbook 2017. Beijing: China Statistics Press. p. 68. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ (2006-2020?)?[full ]
  3. ^ ?2010[full ]
  4. ^ ?2009?[full ]
  5. ^ 2011?[full ]
  6. ^ a b ,. Sina. 29 June 2017.
  7. ^ ? 9.57 (in Chinese). Carnoc. 2013-08-09. Retrieved .
  8. ^ a b 2011?. Shaoyang Statistical Bureau.Archived 2009-01-06 at the Wayback Machine). 2011 conversion from CNY to USD according to the-then exchange rate of 6.4588 CNY/1 USD, purchasing power based on an April 2012 report that used an exchange rate of 4.1731 CNY/1Geary-Khamis dollar (Intl. $).

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Shaoyang
 



 



 
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