Sharm El Sheikh
|Airport type||Public (former military)|
|Serves||Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt|
|Focus city for|
|Elevation AMSL||143 ft / 44 m|
Sharm El Sheikh International Airport (Arabic: ? Mar Sharm El Sheikh El Dawli) (IATA: SSH, ICAO: HESH) is an international airport located in Sharm El Sheikh, Egypt. It is the third-busiest airport in Egypt after Cairo International Airport and Hurghada International Airport.
The airport was opened on 14 May 1968 as an Israeli Air Force base. After the signing of the Egypt-Israel Peace Treaty in 1979 and subsequent Israeli withdrawal from the Sinai Peninsula, it was reopened as a civilian airport.
The largest regular aircraft using the airport was a Transaero Airlines-operated Boeing 747-400. These flights transiting from Moscow ended when Transaero ceased operations in October 2015. British Airways operated the only regular scheduled Boeing 777-200ER service (from Gatwick Airport). However, this service (and others) has ceased due to concerns over the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015.
In 2008, the Egyptian Airports Holding Company (EAHC) announced plans to build a third new terminal at the airport. In July 2009 the Egyptian Holding Company for Airports and Air Navigation (EHCAAN) signed a contract with Spanish construction designers Pointec for the third terminal. The terminal was planned to double the airport's capacity from 7.5 to 15 million passengers per year. The project's primary costs were estimated at $350 million. The design phase was due to be completed by early 2010. International contractors then were invited for an open tender to construct the terminal, which was scheduled to be completely constructed by 2015. By September 2016 construction had not commenced.
In November 2015, passenger numbers significantly decreased due to the downing of Metrojet Flight 9268 on 31 October 2015. This led to airlines cancelling flights from the airport and operating rescue flights for stranded passengers. Governments from Russia and European countries such as the United Kingdom banned airlines from operating to the airport, citing safety concerns that were highlighted following the crash. The Government of the United Kingdom, HM Government advised against all travel to and from Sharm El Sheikh.
In January 2018, it was announced that EgyptAir Express would open a base at the airport for its incoming fleet of Airbus A220s. This would increase the amount of destinations served by the airline at the airport with the possibility of operating to cities in Italy, Germany, Morocco and India non-stop.
On 22 October 2019 the UK lifted the flight ban on flights between UK airports and Sharm El Sheikh.
On 23 May 2007, the airport's second terminal was inaugurated with a capacity for 5 million passengers per year. The two-level, 43,000-square-metre (460,000 sq ft) terminal features 40 check-in counters and is designed to cater to a large number of international and chartered flights. It has two domestic and six international gates, all of which exit to remote stands. The terminal comprises three building components: two circular-shaped halls fused together by a wedge-shaped intermediate space dubbed 'the boat'. This serves as a passenger transit hub housing passport control, duty-free, and VIP areas as well as cafes/restaurants. The halls, in stark textural contrast to the solid mass of 'the boat', feature airy, billowing tent-like roofs inspired by the indigenous Bedouin culture.
Although known as Terminal 2, this is actually the airport's original terminal building. The building underwent a complete modernisation programme in 2004 and has a passenger handling capacity of 2.5 million passengers per year. Since the inauguration of Terminal 1 in 2007 most airlines have shifted operations to the new building.
In December 2016 Egyptian Airports Company announced plans to extend Terminal 2. EAC plans to expand the terminal and increase its capacity by two million passengers per year, thus taking the total capacity of the airport to 9.5 million. This also includes the construction of a new runway and 40 new airsides.
In November 2019, it was announced part of the expansion of Terminal 2 had been completed increasing the airports annual capacity, from 7 million, to 9 million a year. The plan aims to increase the capacity to 20 million passengers per annum as the number of tourists visiting the resort city is rising, during winter in particular. For now, the number of gates was raised to 12 from 8. The total cost of development works in the airport has reached LE 800 million so far.
|Air Arabia|| Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Bergamo, Naples |
Seasonal: Amman-Queen Alia, Beirut
|Air Astana||Charter: Almaty,Nur-Sultan|
|Air Bucharest||Seasonal charter: Bucharest|
|Air Cairo||Katowice, Milan-Malpensa (resumes 20 December 2020),Naples (resumes 21 December 2020),Rome-Fuimicino (resumes 19 December 2020),Tashkent (begins 25 November 2020),Tbilisi, Warsaw-Chopin, Yerevan|
|Air Moldova||Seasonal charter: Chi?in?u|
|airBaltic||Seasonal charter: Riga|
|AlbaStar||Seasonal charter: Bergamo, Milan-Malpensa, Verona|
| Seasonal: Cairo |
Seasonal charter: Bari,Bologna,Catania,Cluj-Napoca,Milan-Malpensa,Naples,Rome-Fiumicino,Tirana,Verona,Yerevan
|Avia Traffic Company||Bishkek|
|Aviolet||Seasonal charter: Belgrade|
|Azerbaijan Airlines||Seasonal: Baku|
|Azur Air Ukraine|| Charter: Kyiv-Boryspil,Lviv|
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,Odessa,Zaporizhzhia
|Blue Air||Seasonal charter: Bucharest|
|Corendon Airlines|| Cologne/Bonn, Hannover|
Seasonal charter: Leipzig/Halle
|DAT||Seasonal charter: Billund,Copenhagen|
|easyJet|| Milan-Malpensa (resumes 20 December 2020)|
Seasonal: Berlin-Brandenburg, London-Gatwick,Manchester,Venice (begins 20 December 2020)
|Edelweiss Air||Seasonal: Zürich|
|EgyptAir|| Alexandria-Borg el Arab, Cairo, Hurghada, Kuwait City, London-Gatwick|
|Enter Air|| Charter: Katowice,Warsaw-Chopin|
Seasonal charter: Pozna?
|FlyOne||Seasonal charter: Chi?in?u|
|GetJet Airlines||Seasonal charter: Vilnius|
|Holiday Europe||Seasonal charter: Berlin-Brandenburg,Cologne/Bonn,Düsseldorf,Frankfurt,Leipzig/Halle,Munich,Nuremberg,Riga,Sofia,Stuttgart,Tallinn,Vilnius|
|Iraqi Airways||Charter: Baghdad|
|Jazeera Airways||Seasonal: Kuwait City|
|Jordan Aviation||Amman-Queen Alia|
|Kuwait Airways||Seasonal: Kuwait City|
|Neos||Bologna, Milan-Malpensa, Rome-Fiumicino, Verona|
|Nile Air|| Cairo|
Seasonal charter: Baghdad,Tashkent
|Pegasus Airlines||Istanbul-Sabiha Gökçen|
|Saudia||Seasonal: Jeddah, Riyadh|
|SkyUp|| Charter: Kharkiv,Kyiv-Boryspil,Lviv,Odessa,Zaporizhzhia|
Seasonal charter: Kherson,Mykolaiv
|Smartlynx Airlines||Seasonal charter: Tallinn|
|Smartwings||Seasonal charter: Bratislava,Brno, Ostrava, Prague|
|Somon Air||Seasonal charter: Dushanbe|
|Sunday Airlines|| Charter: Almaty,Nur-Sultan|
Seasonal charter: Aktau,Aktobe,Karaganda,Kostanay,Oral,Oskemen,Shymkent,Taraz
|TUI Airways|| Birmingham, London-Gatwick, Manchester|
Seasonal: Bristol (resumes 3 November 2021),Cardiff (resumes 1 November 2021),Doncaster/Sheffield (resumes 3 November 2021),East Midlands (resumes 1 November 2021),London-Stansted (resumes 7 November 2021)
|TUI fly Belgium||Brussels, Ostend/Bruges|
|TUI fly Netherlands||Eindhoven|
| Charter: Kyiv-Boryspil,Lviv,Odessa|
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,Zaporizhzhia
|Windrose Airlines|| Charter: Dnipropetrovsk,Kyiv-Boryspil|
Seasonal charter: Kharkiv,Lviv,Odessa
Media related to Sharm el-Sheikh International Airport at Wikimedia Commons