Shelby, Ohio
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Shelby, Ohio
Shelby, Ohio
West Main Street in downtown Shelby looking east at the intersection of Gamble Street.
West Main Street in downtown Shelby looking east at the intersection of Gamble Street.
Location of Shelby, Ohio
Location of Shelby, Ohio
Location of Shelby in Richland County
Location of Shelby in Richland County
Coordinates: 40°53?5?N 82°39?34?W / 40.88472°N 82.65944°W / 40.88472; -82.65944Coordinates: 40°53?5?N 82°39?34?W / 40.88472°N 82.65944°W / 40.88472; -82.65944
CountryUnited States
StateOhio
CountyRichland
Founded1834
Incorporated1853 (village)
-1921 (city)
Government
 o MayorSteven L. Schag
Area
 o Total6.49 sq mi (16.81 km2)
 o Land6.35 sq mi (16.45 km2)
 o Water0.14 sq mi (0.36 km2)
Elevation1,102 ft (336 m)
Population
 o Total9,317
 o Estimate 
(2018[4])
9,030
 o Density1,467.2/sq mi (566.5/km2)
Time zoneUTC-5 (Eastern (EST))
 o Summer (DST)UTC-4 (EDT)
ZIP code
44875
Area code(s)419
FIPS code39-72102[5]
GNIS feature ID1065313[2]
Websiteshelbycity.oh.gov

Shelby is a city in Richland County in the U.S. state of Ohio, northwest of the city of Mansfield. It is part of the Mansfield, Ohio Metropolitan Statistical Area. The population was 9,317 as of the 2010 census.

History

Shelby was originally called Gamble's Mills, and under the latter name was platted in 1834.[6]

As of 1900, Shelby was a sundown town where African Americans were not allowed to be seen in public after nightfall.[7]

Geography

Shelby Central Park

Shelby is located at 40°53?5?N 82°39?34?W / 40.88472°N 82.65944°W / 40.88472; -82.65944 (40.884645, -82.659529),[8] along the Black Fork of the Mohican River.[9]

According to the United States Census Bureau, the city has a total area of 6.49 square miles (16.81 km2), of which 6.35 square miles (16.45 km2) is land and 0.14 square miles (0.36 km2) is water.[1] Much of the water area consists of the Black Fork of the Mohican River, which flows through downtown; its location makes the city vulnerable to floods.[10]

Demographics

2000 census

As of the census[5] of 2000, there were 9,821 people, 4,073 households, and 2,667 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,949.3 people per square mile (752.4/km²). There were 4,330 housing units at an average density of 859.4 per square mile (331.7/km²). The racial makeup of the city was 98.40% White, 0.14% African American, 0.18% Native American, 0.35% Asian, 0.37% from other races, and 0.56% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.02% of the population.

There were 4,073 households out of which 31.6% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 52.1% were married couples living together, 10.0% had a female householder with no husband present, and 34.5% were non-families. 30.8% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.3% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.38 and the average family size was 2.97.

In the city the population was spread out with 25.7% under the age of 18, 8.6% from 18 to 24, 26.8% from 25 to 44, 22.6% from 45 to 64, and 16.3% who were 65 years of age or older. The median age was 37 years. For every 100 females, there were 91.4 males. For every 100 females age 18 and over, there were 85.1 males.

The median income for a household in the city was $35,938, and the median income for a family was $43,373. Males had a median income of $32,551 versus $21,573 for females. The per capita income for the city was $17,096. About 7.4% of families and 10.2% of the population were below the poverty line, including 16.1% of those under age 18 and 7.4% of those age 65 or over.

2010 census

As of the census[3] of 2010, there were 9,317 people, 3,911 households, and 2,510 families residing in the city. The population density was 1,467.2 inhabitants per square mile (566.5/km2). There were 4,354 housing units at an average density of 685.7 per square mile (264.8/km2). The racial makeup of the city was 98.2% White, 0.2% African American, 0.2% Native American, 0.3% Asian, 0.2% from other races, and 1.0% from two or more races. Hispanic or Latino of any race were 1.2% of the population.

There were 3,911 households of which 31.3% had children under the age of 18 living with them, 47.5% were married couples living together, 12.7% had a female householder with no husband present, 4.0% had a male householder with no wife present, and 35.8% were non-families. 31.3% of all households were made up of individuals and 14.1% had someone living alone who was 65 years of age or older. The average household size was 2.34 and the average family size was 2.91.

The median age in the city was 40.1 years. 24.5% of residents were under the age of 18; 8% were between the ages of 18 and 24; 24.2% were from 25 to 44; 25.6% were from 45 to 64; and 17.6% were 65 years of age or older. The gender makeup of the city was 47.0% male and 53.0% female.

Notable people

Parks

The city of Shelby has five parks which are operated and maintained by the city of Shelby Parks Department.[15]

Library

Marvin Memorial Library in Shelby

The sole library in the city of Shelby is Marvin Memorial Library, which was added to the National Register Of Historic Places in 1987.[16] Marvin Library offers Story Time and summer reading programs for youth, a Teen Cafe for teenagers and the Adult Book Club for adults. Community meeting rooms and computer access are also offered through the library.

Marvin Library is named for Daniel Marvin, a veteran of the American Civil War, and son of Stephen and Sarah (Burr) Marvin who built the first frame house in Shelby. He studied law, went to California during the gold rush, then returned to Ohio by the outbreak of the Civil War, during which he participated in the battles of Shiloh & Stone River, and was severely wounded. Daniel Marvin practiced law for many years. He purchased the house on West Whitney Avenue for $6,500 and presented it to the city in the early 1900s. His generosity to the city was greatly appreciated and memorialized in the name of the library.[]

Public safety

Facilities

As a result of the 2007 flooding, the former police department building was severely damaged and was demolished in August 2009. In May 2011, Shelby voters approved a bond issue allowing for construction of a new police and court facility, which opened in December 2012.

The Shelby Fire Department operates out of the oldest operating fire station in the state of Ohio, built in 1872.[17] Though also heavily damaged in the 2007 flood, the Shelby Fire Department remained in their historic building alongside the Black Fork of the Mohican River.

METRICH

The Shelby Police Department works jointly with METRICH [2], an investigative group that began in 1986 with a goal of reducing availability of illegal drugs in Richland County region.[18]

Education

North Central State College Kehoe Center

Shelby's public education is provided by the Shelby City School District [6]. The district serves students in kindergarten through high school in six school facilities. Shelby High School built a new, state of the art facility adjacent to the current high school's location. The new Shelby High School opened in 2013. Shelby High School was one of five "Race to the Top" grant recipients in the State of Ohio in 2011 and is scheduled to implement a new technology & project based curriculum as a result.

See also

Shelby Bicycle Days

Shelby Cycle Company, a bicycle manufacturer formerly located in Shelby. The Shelby Bicycle Days Festival takes place in early July in downtown Shelby.[9]

References

  1. ^ a b "US Gazetteer files 2010". United States Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 2012-01-25. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b "US Board on Geographic Names". United States Geological Survey. 2007-10-25. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  4. ^ a b "Population and Housing Unit Estimates". Retrieved 2019.
  5. ^ a b c "American FactFinder". United States Census Bureau. Retrieved .
  6. ^ Overman, William Daniel (1958). Ohio Town Names. Akron, OH: Atlantic Press. p. 126.
  7. ^ Caudill, Mark (August 6, 2015). "'The Black Cyclone' coming to Shelby". Mansfield News Journal. Mansfield, Ohio. p. 2B – via Newspapers.com. Hunnell said 'The Black Cyclone' will show the audience race relations at the turn of the century. At the time, Shelby was a 'sundown town,' meaning blacks were not allowed out after dark.
  8. ^ "US Gazetteer files: 2010, 2000, and 1990". United States Census Bureau. 2011-02-12. Retrieved .
  9. ^ DeLorme (1991). Ohio Atlas & Gazetteer. Yarmouth, Maine: DeLorme. ISBN 0-89933-233-1.
  10. ^ "Ohio governor declares flood emergency Hundreds displaced from worst deluge in decades; 22 dead nationwide". MSNBC. Associated Press. August 22, 2007. Retrieved 2010.
  11. ^ "Number of Inhabitants: Ohio" (PDF). 18th Census of the United States. U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013.[permanent dead link]
  12. ^ "Ohio: Population and Housing Unit Counts" (PDF). U.S. Census Bureau. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ "Incorporated Places and Minor Civil Divisions Datasets: Subcounty Population Estimates: April 1, 2010 to July 1, 2012". U.S. Census Bureau. Archived from the original on 11 June 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  14. ^ "City of Shelby History - Ten Essential Facts from Shelby's History". City of Shelby. Archived from the original on 2013-12-30. Retrieved .
  15. ^ shouster. "Parks/Recreation". Retrieved 2016.
  16. ^ http://www.youseemore.com/MarvinML/default.asp
  17. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2008-12-02. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  18. ^ [1][dead link]

External links



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Shelby,_Ohio
 



 



 
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