Silchar
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Silchar

Silchar
Municipality and District Headquarters
Aerial view of the Barak river, Silchar
Aerial view of the Barak river, Silchar
Nickname(s): 
The Island of Peace and The City of Love
Silchar is located in Assam
Silchar
Silchar
Location in Assam, India
Silchar is located in India
Silchar
Silchar
Silchar (India)
Coordinates: 24°49?N 92°48?E / 24.82°N 92.8°E / 24.82; 92.8Coordinates: 24°49?N 92°48?E / 24.82°N 92.8°E / 24.82; 92.8
CountryIndia
StateAssam
DistrictCachar
RegionBarak Valley
Government
 o BodySilchar Municipal Board
 o No. of Wards30
Elevation
22 m (72 ft)
Population
(2011)
 o Total1,72,830
Time zoneUTC+5:30 (IST)
PIN
788001 to 788032 and 788118
Telephone code+91 (0) 3842
ISO 3166 codeIN-AS
Vehicle registrationAS-11
Bangla
Most spoken languageSylheti
Websitewww.cachar.nic.in

Silchar is the headquarters of Cachar district in the state of Assam in India. It is 343 kilometres (213 mi) south east of Guwahati.

It earned it the bon mot of "Island of Peace" from India's then prime minister Indira Gandhi.[1]

Etymology

During the British rule, ships were docked at the bank of the river Barak. Gradually, a market developed at the bank and became a major place of economic activity. The bank was covered with stones to help dock ships and vessels, and the market was developed at a place that was fully covered with stones. People started to refer to the place as Shiler Chor, meaning "a bank of stones". With the passage of time, Shiler Chor was simplified to Silchar, and ultimately the British officials started to use the name Silchar in their official documents referring to the surrounding area of the market. Thus Silchar became the official name of the place.[2] Sonu(Composer)

History

Cachar district records

In the 1850s, British tea planters re-discovered the game polo in Manipur on the Burmese border with India. The first polo club in the world was formed at Silchar.[3][4]

The first competitive modern form of polo was played in Silchar, and the plaque for this feat still stands behind the District Library, Silchar.[3][4]

Language Movement in Barak Valley

Silchar railway station is described as Bhasa Shahid Station.

Silchar saw one of the uprisings in favour of the Bengali language. When the Assam government, under Chief Minister Bimala Prasad Chaliha, passed a circular to make Assamese mandatory, Bengalis of Barak Valley protested. On 19 May 1961, Assam police opened fire on unarmed protesters at Silchar railway station. Eleven people(listed below) were killed.

After the popular revolt, the Assam government had to withdraw the circular and Bengali was ultimately given official status in the three districts of Barak Valley.[5][6] Section 5 of Assam Act XVIII, 1961, safeguards the use of Bengali in the Cachar district. It says, "Without prejudice to the provisions contained in Section 3, the Bengali language shall be used for administrative and other official purposes up to and including district level."[7]

Industries

  • ONGC has its base located at Srikona, near Silchar, which is known as Cachar Forward Base with ongoing operations in Tripura, Mizoram and Barak Valley.[8]
  • Cachar Paper Mill (CPM) is the only major industrial undertaking in south Assam and the adjoining states of Mizoram, Meghalaya and Tripura. Despite lack of infrastructural facilities in a remote location, CPM has a continuous record of steady improvement. During the year 2006-07, the mill recorded the highest annual production of 1,03,155 MT registering over 103% capacity utilization, which was 100% during the previous year.[9]

Geography

Silchar is located in the southern part of Assam.[10][11]

The area of Silchar metro is 257.5  km2. It has an average elevation of 25 meters (82 feet).[12]

Demographics

According to 2011 India census, Silchar municipal area has a population of 1,72,830.[13] The sex ratio of Silchar is 989 females per 1,000 males, which is above the national ratio of 940 females per 1,000 males.[14] Silchar municipal area has an average literacy rate of 82.33%, higher than the national average of 74.04%, with male literacy at 84.15% and female literacy at 80.49%.[15][16]

Religion

Religion in Silchar (2011)

  Hinduism (86.31%)
  Islam (12.17%)
  Jainism (0.79%)
  Christianity (0.59%)
  Sikhism (0.04%)
  Buddhism (0.02%)

Hinduism is the majority religion in Silchar city with around 1,54,381 followers. Islam is the second most popular religion in Silchar with approximately 21,759 followers. Jainism is followed by 1,408 peoples, Christianity by 1,052 peoples, Sikhism by 77 peoples and Buddhism by 39 peoples of Silchar city. Around 145 peoples didn't stated their religion.[17]

Climate

Silchar has a borderline tropical monsoon climate (Köppen Am) slightly too hot in the "winter" or "cool" season to qualify as a humid subtropical climate (Cwa). During this "cool" season the weather is generally warm and dry with cool to mild mornings; however, the "wet" season begins early as the monsoon moves into the region during April, with the result that for seven months of the year Silchar has very hot and humid weather with heavy thunderstorms almost every afternoon until the middle of October, when there is usually a brief period of hot and relatively dry weather before the "cool" season sets in during November.

Climate data for Silchar (1971-2000)
Month Jan Feb Mar Apr May Jun Jul Aug Sep Oct Nov Dec Year
Record high °C (°F) 31.0
(87.8)
35.0
(95.0)
37.8
(100.0)
39.4
(102.9)
39.1
(102.4)
37.9
(100.2)
39.4
(102.9)
39.0
(102.2)
38.3
(100.9)
36.7
(98.1)
35.0
(95.0)
31.7
(89.1)
39.4
(102.9)
Average high °C (°F) 24.5
(76.1)
26.4
(79.5)
29.6
(85.3)
30.5
(86.9)
31.0
(87.8)
31.5
(88.7)
31.4
(88.5)
31.9
(89.4)
31.5
(88.7)
30.9
(87.6)
29.1
(84.4)
26.1
(79.0)
29.6
(85.3)
Average low °C (°F) 12.1
(53.8)
14.1
(57.4)
17.7
(63.9)
21.0
(69.8)
23.0
(73.4)
24.6
(76.3)
25.1
(77.2)
25.2
(77.4)
24.6
(76.3)
22.9
(73.2)
18.6
(65.5)
13.9
(57.0)
20.4
(68.7)
Record low °C (°F) 3.3
(37.9)
2.8
(37.0)
8.3
(46.9)
13.2
(55.8)
15.6
(60.1)
19.3
(66.7)
19.0
(66.2)
19.4
(66.9)
16.8
(62.2)
14.4
(57.9)
10.6
(51.1)
4.4
(39.9)
5.0
(41.0)
Average precipitation mm (inches) 12.1
(0.48)
44.2
(1.74)
229.3
(9.03)
258.1
(10.16)
460.7
(18.14)
612.0
(24.09)
503.2
(19.81)
427.7
(16.84)
366.5
(14.43)
168.7
(6.64)
33.3
(1.31)
12.8
(0.50)
3,128.6
(123.17)
Average rainy days 1.0 3.9 8.5 12.6 16.2 21.5 22.5 19.3 15.5 7.7 2.4 0.6 131.6
Source: India Meteorological Department (record high and low up to 2010)[18][19]

Education

University

Silchar is home to the main campus of Assam University, a central university, which imparts education in both the general as well as professional streams. The university, which came into existence in 1994, has 17 schools and 35 post-graduate departments under them. The university has 56 affiliated colleges under it.[20][21] The colleges in Silchar are mostly affiliated with the Assam university.

Technical institutions

National Institute of Technology Silchar

Colleges

Medical college

Law colleges

Airway transport

Silchar Airport (IXS) is located at Kumbhirgram, about 22 km from Silchar. Silchar has been selected as one of the towns for the construction of 51 low-cost airports across the country recently.[29]

In December 1985, Air India operated the first all-woman crew flight in the world from Kolkata to Silchar which was commanded by Captain Saudamini Deshmukh on a Fokker F-27 Friendship aircraft.[30]

Politics

Silchar is part of the Silchar (Lok Sabha constituency). The current member of Parliament from Silchar is Dr. Rajdeep Roy of the BJP.[31]

Notable people

Notable Places of Worship

See also

References

  1. ^ "APCC member for nomination of Gaurav Gogoi from Barak Valley". The Sentinel, Assam. 6 June 2012. Retrieved 2012.
  2. ^ "Silchar (India) - Britannica Online Encyclopedia". Britannica.com. Retrieved 2012.
  3. ^ a b "The Sport". guardspoloclub. Retrieved 2016.
  4. ^ a b "Polo of Victorians". Polo of Victorians. avictorian.com. Retrieved 2016.
  5. ^ "No alliance with BJP, says AGP chief". The Telegraph, Calcutta. 27 December 2003. Retrieved 2014.
  6. ^ "Silchar rly station to be renamed soon". The Times of India. 9 June 2009. Retrieved 2014.
  7. ^ "Compulsory use of Bengali Language in Cachar". Silchar News. 24 July 2013. Retrieved 2016.
  8. ^ "ONGC :: ONGC Offices". Retrieved 2015.
  9. ^ http://www.hindpaper.in/mills/cachar.htm
  10. ^ "Location of Silchar". Wikimapia Foundation. Wikimapia. Retrieved 2014.
  11. ^ "Silchar, India Page". Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Falling Rain Genomics, Inc. Retrieved 2014.
  12. ^ "Silchar, Cachar, Assam, India Map Lat Long Coordinates". www.latlong.net. Retrieved 2016.
  13. ^ "Census of India 2011". Govt. of India. Government of India. Retrieved 2020.
  14. ^ "Census of India 2011" (PDF). Retrieved 2020.
  15. ^ "Census of India 2011". Retrieved 2020.
  16. ^ "Census of India 2011" (PDF). www.census2011.co.in. Retrieved 2020.
  17. ^ Silchar Religion Data census 2011
  18. ^ "Silchar Climatological Table Period: 1971-2000". India Meteorological Department. Retrieved 2015.
  19. ^ "Ever recorded Maximum and minimum temperatures up to 2010" (PDF). India Meteorological Department. Archived from the original (PDF) on 21 May 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  20. ^ "Assam University, Homepage". Assam University. Retrieved 2014.
  21. ^ "Statistical Data Fact Sheet of AUS" (PDF). Assam University. Assam University. Retrieved 2014.
  22. ^ "TSSOT". Retrieved 2015.
  23. ^ http://silcharpolytechnic.in/
  24. ^ Super User. "NIAIMT Silchar". Retrieved 2015.
  25. ^ http://www.dheassam.gov.in/circulars-1/meeting%2057.pdf retrieved on 14 January 2015
  26. ^ http://www.dheassam.gov.in/circulars-1/meeting%2057.pdf retrieved on 14 January 2015
  27. ^ "Silchar Medical College, Home Page". Silchar Medical College. Silchar Medical College. Retrieved 2014.
  28. ^ "A. K. Chanda Law College". Retrieved 2015.
  29. ^ "51 new low-cost airports to be set up: PMO". Daily News & Analysis. 28 June 2013. Retrieved 2014.
  30. ^ "Capt V Roopa: Flying high, and back". The Times of India. Retrieved 2015.
  31. ^ "General Elections 2019". Election Commission of India. 01/06/2019. Retrieved 01/06/2019. Check date values in: |access-date=, |date= (help)

External links


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Silchar
 



 



 
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