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Ailanthus altissima2.jpg
Ailanthus altissima
Scientific classification e
Domain: Eukaryota
Kingdom: Plantae
Clade: Tracheophytes
Clade: Angiosperms
Clade: Eudicots
Clade: Rosids
Order: Sapindales
Family: Simaroubaceae

See text

Simaroubaceae distribution.svg
Distribution of the family Simaroubaceae.
  • Ailanthaceae J.Agardh
  • Castelaceae J.Agardh
  • Holacanthaceae Jadin, nom. inval.
  • Leitneriaceae Benth. & Hook.f., nom. cons.
  • Simabaceae Horan.
  • Soulameaceae Endl.[1]

The Simaroubaceae are a small, mostly tropical, family in the order Sapindales. In recent decades, it has been subject to much taxonomic debate, with several small families being split off. A molecular phylogeny of the family was published in 2007, greatly clarifying relationships within the family.[2] Together with chemical characteristics such as the occurrence of petroselinic acid in Picrasma[3] in contrast to other members of the family such as Ailanthus[4] this indicates the existence of a subgroup in the family with Picrasma, Holacantha, and Castela.

The best-known species is the temperate Chinese tree-of-heaven Ailanthus altissima, which has become a cosmopolitan weed tree of urban areas[5] and wildlands.[6]

Well-known genera in the family include the tropical Quassia and Simarouba.


Excluded genera


  1. ^ a b "Family: Simaroubaceae DC., nom. cons". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. 2003-01-17. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Clayton, Joshua W.; Edwino S. Fernando; Pamela S. Soltis; Douglas E. Soltis (2007). "Molecular phylogeny of the tree-of-heaven family (Simaroubaceae) based on chloroplast and nuclear markers". International Journal of Plant Sciences. 168 (9): 1325-1339. doi:10.1086/521796.
  3. ^ Tsujimoto, M. and Koyanagi, H. (1933) Bull. Chem. Soc. Jpn. 8, 161
  4. ^ T. Stuhlfauth, H. Fock, H. Huber, K. Klug: The distribution of fatty acids including petroselinic and tariric acids in the fruit and seed oils of the Pittosporaceae, Araliaceae, Umbelliferae, Simarubaceae and Rutaceae. In: Biochemical Systematics and Ecology. 13, 1985, S. 447-453, doi:10.1016/0305-1978(85)90091-2.
  5. ^
  6. ^ Knapp, Liza B; Canham, Charles D (2000). "Invasion of an Old-Growth Forest in New York by Ailanthus altissima: Sapling Growth and Recruitment in Canopy Gaps". Journal of the Torrey Botanical Society. 127 (4): 307. doi:10.2307/3088649. JSTOR 3088649.
  7. ^ "GRIN Genera of Simaroubaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "GRIN genera sometimes placed in Simaroubaceae". Germplasm Resources Information Network. United States Department of Agriculture. Retrieved .

External links

Media related to Simaroubaceae at Wikimedia Commons Data related to Simaroubaceae at Wikispecies

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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