SkyWest Airlines
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SkyWest Airlines
SkyWest Airlines
SkyWest Airlines (United States) logo.svg
IATA ICAO Callsign
AOC #SWIA011A[2]
Hubsas American Eagle:[3]

as Alaska SkyWest:[3]

as Delta Connection:[3]

as United Express:[3]

Frequent-flyer programAAdvantage (as American Eagle)
Mileage Plan (as Alaska SkyWest)
SkyMiles (as Delta Connection)
MileagePlus (as United Express)
AllianceSkyTeam (as Delta Connection)
Star Alliance (as United Express)
Oneworld (as American Eagle)
Fleet size454
Parent companySkyWest, Inc.
HeadquartersSt. George, Utah, United States[4]
Key peopleJerry Atkin (Chairman)
Chip Childs (President and CEO)
Mike Thompson (COO)

SkyWest Airlines is a North American regional airline headquartered in St. George, Utah, United States. It primarily serves major air carriers via contracts with Alaska Airlines (as Alaska SkyWest), American Airlines (as American Eagle), Delta Air Lines (as Delta Connection), and United Airlines (as United Express). SkyWest is primarily paid to operate and maintain aircraft used on flights that are scheduled, marketed, and priced by a partner mainline airline. In all, it is the largest regional airline in North America when measured by fleet size, number of passengers carried, and number of destinations served between all the airlines it contracts with.

SkyWest operates an average of more than 2,400 flights per day to 250 cities in the United States, Canada, Mexico with an extensive network of routes largely set up to connect passengers between smaller airports and the large hubs of its partner airlines. In total, SkyWest carried 35.9 million passengers in 2017.

Under various contracts, the company operates an average of 1,050 flights per day as Delta Connection on behalf of Delta Air Lines, 900 flights per day as United Express on behalf of United Airlines, 370 flights per day as American Eagle on behalf of American Airlines, and 160 flights per day as Alaska SkyWest in partnership with Alaska Airlines.

The vast majority of SkyWest's contracts are fixed-fee, with partner airlines paying a set amount for each flight operated, regardless of the number of passengers carried. The remaining 7% of flights are operated under a pro-rate contract, with SkyWest assuming all costs, setting fares, retaining all revenue from non-connecting passengers, and splitting the fares of connecting passengers on a pro-rated basis with the partner airline. SkyWest currently operates on a pro-rate basis on 68 routes across 10 hubs through agreements with American Airlines, Delta Air Lines, and United Airlines.[5]


SkyWest Airlines headquarters in St. George, Utah
Former Embraer EMB-120 in SkyWest livery

Frustrated by the limited extent of existing air service, Ralph Atkin, a St. George, Utah lawyer, purchased Dixie Airlines to shuttle businessmen to Salt Lake City in 1972.[6] After early struggles, SkyWest began a steady expansion across the western U.S. It became the eleventh largest regional carrier in 1984 when it acquired Sun Aire Lines of Palm Springs, California, and had its initial public offering in 1986.[7]

In 1985, SkyWest began codesharing as Western Express, a feeder service for Western Airlines at its Salt Lake City hub and other mainline Western destinations utilizing Embraer EMB-120 and Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner turboprop aircraft.[8] Following the acquisition and merger of Western by Delta Air Lines in 1986, SkyWest then became a Delta Connection air carrier with code share service being flown on behalf of Delta to destinations in Arizona, California, Colorado, Montana, Nevada, Utah and Wyoming.[9][10] In 1995, SkyWest began operating flights for Continental Airlines out of LAX. The relationship was discontinued two years later when SkyWest began flying for United Airlines. SkyWest's United Express flights out of SFO, LAX and DEN became its largest operation by the late 1990s. A partnership with Continental was revived in 2003 out of George Bush Intercontinental Airport, but was discontinued in June 2005. On August 15, 2005, Delta sold Atlantic Southeast Airlines to the newly incorporated SkyWest, Inc. for $425 million in cash.[11] The acquisition was completed on September 8, 2005.[12]

On August 4, 2010, SkyWest, Inc. announced that it planned to acquire ExpressJet Airlines and merge it with SkyWest subsidiary Atlantic Southeast Airlines in a deal reported to have a value of $133 million. The purchase aligned the largest commuter operations of United Airlines and Continental Airlines, who were in a merger process, and was approved on September 13, 2010, by the Federal Trade Commission.[13]

In May 2011, SkyWest replaced six Horizon Air flights on the West Coast being operated for Alaska Airlines. The flights were based out of Seattle and Portland, and fly to several California cities including Fresno, Burbank, Santa Barbara and Ontario. Alaska Airlines has similar agreements with PenAir for Alaskan flights and Horizon Air for flights in the lower 48.[14]

On September 6, 2011, AirTran Airways ended its codesharing and partnership with SkyWest.[15] Shortly after, SkyWest began a codesharing agreement with US Airways to operate CRJ200 aircraft from US Airways' hub in Phoenix, Arizona.[16]

On November 15, 2012, SkyWest began a capacity purchase agreement with American Airlines for 12 CRJ200 aircraft from American's hub in Los Angeles, California.[17]

A SkyWest Embraer E175 operating for Alaska Airlines

On September 6, 2017, SkyWest Airlines reported that it has entered into aircraft purchase agreements and capacity purchase agreements to acquire and fly 15 new aircraft with Delta Air Lines and 10 new aircraft with Alaska Airlines. Of the 25 aircraft, 15 Embraer E175 SC aircraft will fly under an agreement with Delta in a 70-seat configuration. The E175 SC aircraft has an E175 airframe and can be retrofitted to 76 seats in the future. The agreement with Alaska includes 10 Embraer E175s, which will be configured with 76 seats, similar to aircraft SkyWest has previously placed into service with Alaska. Expected delivery dates of the 25 aircraft run from March 2018 through the end of 2018.[18]

On December 18, 2018, SkyWest, Inc. announced that it would sell ExpressJet Airlines to another airline holding company with ties to United Airlines, ExpressJet's sole client.[19][20] The $70 million sale closed on January 23, 2019.[21]

Corporate affairs

Ownership and structure

SkyWest is owned by SkyWest, Inc., an airline holding company. SkyWest also provides contract ground handling services at airports across the United States.

Business trends

Performance figures for SkyWest Airlines are fully incorporated into the accounts of its parent company, SkyWest, Inc.

Figures that are available for SkyWest Airlines alone (referred to as 'SkyWest Airlines segment' data in the Group accounts), are shown below (as at year ending December 31):

2012 2013 2014 2015 2016 2017 2018 2019
Revenue (US$m) 1,930 1,828 1,874 1,848 1,935 2,173 2,346 2,479
Profit before tax (US$m) 106 140 76 182 23 263 307 250
Number of passengers (m) n/a 40.3 43.7
Number of aircraft (in service)(at year end) 334 362 348 368 422 470 483
Notes/sources [22] [23][22] [24][23] [25][24] [26][25] [27][26] [28][27] [28]


SkyWest flies to 255 destinations throughout North America including Denver International Airport, Salt Lake City International Airport, San Francisco International Airport, Los Angeles International Airport, Chicago O'Hare International Airport, Washington Dulles International Airport, Seattle-Tacoma International Airport and Portland International Airport.[29]


Bombardier CRJ200, owned and operated by SkyWest for Delta Connection, landing at Minneapolis-St Paul International Airport.
Embraer 175, owned and operated by SkyWest for Alaska Airlines, parked at the gate at Fresno Yosemite International Airport.
Embraer 175, owned and operated by SkyWest for Delta Connection, approaching LaGuardia Airport.

Current fleet

SkyWest has the largest fleet of any regional airline in the United States.

Like most regional airlines in the United States, SkyWest is subject to scope clause requirements of its mainline carrier partners and their pilot unions; those requirements limit the size of the aircraft flown by a regional airline, measured in seat capacity. This has created three subgroups of aircraft flown by SkyWest: aircraft with no more than 50 seats, no more than 70 seats and no more than 76 seats.

As of October 2020, the SkyWest Airlines fleet consists of the following aircraft, categorized by seating capacity:[30][31]

SkyWest Airlines fleet
Aircraft In service Orders Passengers Operated for Notes
F Y+ Y Total
Up to 50 seats
0 50 50
1 SkyWest Airlines
1 United Express
Bombardier CRJ200 12 4 46 Delta Connection To be retired by the end of 2020.
12 50 SkyWest Airlines
102 United Express
Category total 128
Up to 70 seats
Bombardier CRJ700 61 12 9 16 40 65 American Eagle Deliveries scheduled to go in service 2020.
5 SkyWest Airlines
6 44 69 Delta Connection
6 6 48 70 American Eagle
1 SkyWest Airlines
19 United Express
Bombardier CRJ900 12 1 12 20 38 Delta Connection Orders to be delivered through 2020.[32]
Embraer 175 SC 37 0
25 0 32 26 United Express[33]
Category total 172 13
Up to 76 seats
Bombardier CRJ900 27 12 20 44 76 Delta Connection
Embraer 175 32 12 52 Alaska Airlines
20[34] 20 44 American Eagle
30 4[35] 20 44 Delta Connection
65 16 48 United Express
Mitsubishi M90 100
Delivery starting 2021.[36][37]
Category total 154 124
Fleet total 454 137

As of the same date, the allocation of SkyWest Airlines aircraft in service to mainline carrier operations and to its own fleet was:

Bombardier A SkyWest CRJ200 at Seattle-Tacoma International Airport. Most aircraft are painted in the livery of partner carriers, but SkyWest does have a small number of aircraft in its own livery that can be operated for any partner airline as needed.
Aircraft type: CRJ100 CRJ200 CRJ700 CRJ900 E175 SC CRJ900 E175 Total
Seating capacity: 50 65 69 70 76
Alaska Airlines 32 32
American Eagle 61 6 67
Delta Connection 0 12 6 12 37 27 30 124
SkyWest Airlines 1 12 5 1 19
United Express 1 102 19 25 65 212
Totals 2 126 66 6 26 12 62 27 127 454
128 172 154

Fleet development

Since 2015, the airline has exclusively operated jet aircraft.

In mid-2019 SkyWest signed a firm order for 7 Embraer E175 aircraft, in a 70-seat layout, to be operated for Delta Connection and with deliveries starting in the last quarter of 2019.[38]

Historical fleet

SkyWest previously operated Embraer EMB-120 turboprop aircraft until 2015. The airline also operated Fairchild Swearingen Metroliner turboprops (Metro II and Metro III models).[9] In 1984, SkyWest was operating the largest Metro propjet fleet in the world with 26 aircraft, and by 1991 the Metro fleet had grown to 35 aircraft with 15 Brasilia propjets also being operated.[9] By 1994, the first jet, a Bombardier CRJ-100, was added to the fleet and by 1996 all of the Metro propjets had been retired as they were progressively replaced with Brasilia aircraft.[9].

According to the airline's website, at its inception SkyWest was operating all flights in the early 1970s with small propeller-driven, piston engine aircraft, including:[9]

Accidents and incidents

SkyWest Airlines has never been cited or found at fault in a fatal accident or incident. Incidents include:

  • January 15, 1987: SkyWest Airlines Flight 1834 a Fairchild Metro collided with a Mooney M20 transporting an instructor and a student, while on a flight between Pocatello, Idaho to Salt Lake City, Utah in the vicinity of Kearns, Utah. All 10 people on Flight 1834 and the 2 occupants of the Mooney were killed. The accident was found to be a navigation error of the student pilot aboard the Mooney.[39]
  • January 15, 1990: SkyWest Airlines Flight 5855, a Fairchild Metro collided with terrain during an instrument approach to Elko, Nevada. There were four serious and nine minor injuries.[]
  • February 1, 1991: SkyWest Airlines Flight 5569, a Fairchild Metro was awaiting departure clearance on an active runway at LAX for a scheduled flight to Palmdale, California when USAir Flight 1493, a Boeing 737-300 arriving from Columbus, Ohio collided with it while it was landing. Skywest 5569 was directed to position and hold on runway 24L at the intersection of taxiway 45. US1493 was cleared to land on 24L one minute later by the same local controller. One minute later, the 737 touched down, then landed on the SkyWest Metro, which was still holding in position 2,400 feet (730 m) from the runway threshold. The two planes slid down the runway, then off to the side, coming to rest against an unoccupied firehouse, and burst into flames. All 12 people on the Metro were killed (10 passengers and 2 pilots), and 22 of the 89 aboard the 737 perished (20 passengers, 1 pilot and 1 flight attendant). The cause was found to be air traffic controller error.[]
  • May 21, 1997: SkyWest Airlines Flight 5724, an Embraer EMB-120, N198SW, experienced a total loss of engine power to the right engine and associated engine fire, followed by a total loss of all airplane hydraulic systems, after takeoff from San Diego International Airport, San Diego, California. The airplane sustained substantial damage. The 2 pilots, 1 flight attendant, and 14 passengers were not injured. Skywest Airlines was operating the airplane as a scheduled domestic passenger flight under 14 CFR Part 121. The flight was destined for Los Angeles, California. It diverted to Miramar NAS, San Diego, where it landed at 14:27 local time. Visual meteorological conditions prevailed at the time, and an IFR flight plan was filed.[40]
  • May 26, 2007: SkyWest Airlines flight 5741, an Embraer EMB-120, was involved in a serious runway incursion when the plane nearly collided with Republic Airlines flight 4912, an Embraer E170, on intersecting runways at San Francisco International Airport. There were no reported injuries to passengers and no reported damage to either aircraft. According to the NTSB, the FAA traffic controller was at fault and the aircraft were between 50 ft (15 m) and 300 ft (91 m) apart.[]
  • January 13, 2008: A United Airlines Boeing 757-200 jet with maintenance workers on board at San Francisco International Airport backed into SkyWest Airlines Flight 6398, a Bombardier CRJ-700 carrying 60 passengers and crew. The collision occurred at 7:30 p.m. as the 757 was being taken out of service and being moved without passengers from Gate 80 to a hangar for the night. The passengers on board the SkyWest plane were taken off the plane, which had left its gate and was waiting to depart to Boise, Idaho. Both planes suffered tail and engine damage, but no one on board either plane was injured.[41]
  • September 7, 2008: SkyWest Airlines flight 6430, a Bombardier CRJ-700 operating as a United Express flight from Los Angeles, California ran off a runway after landing in San Antonio, Texas. An airport spokesman indicated that the aircraft appeared to be having mechanical difficulties, and resulted in the airport's primary runway being closed for two hours until the aircraft could be removed. No injuries were reported among the 52 passengers and 4 crew members on board.[42][43]
  • May 23, 2010: SkyWest Airlines flight 6467, a Bombardier CRJ-200 operating as a United Express flight from San Francisco, California landed in Ontario, California with the nose gear retracted. No injuries were reported among the 24 passengers and 3 crew aboard.[44][45]
  • July 17, 2012: An out-of-service SkyWest Bombardier CRJ-200 operating for Delta Connection was stolen by a SkyWest pilot on administrative leave, after murdering his girlfriend several days earlier, and substantially damaged at the St. George Regional Airport in St. George, Utah.[46] The pilot started the engines and taxied the aircraft into a parking lot, striking the terminal and damaging several parked cars in the process. He would die from a self-inflicted gunshot wound. The aircraft was out of service and there were no other passengers or crew on board.[47]
  • May 11, 2015: SkyWest Flight 5316, a Bombardier CRJ-200 operating as a United Express flight from Monterey, California to Los Angeles, California landed after its landing gear failed to fully deploy. The left wing scraped the ground on Runway 24 Left. All 40 passengers and three crew members safely deplaned and no injuries were reported.[48]
  • December 4, 2016: SkyWest Airlines flight 5588, an Embraer E175 operating as a United Express flight from George Bush Intercontinental Airport to Monterrey, Mexico, was diverted to San Antonio International Airport after experiencing an abnormal landing gear indication. Upon landing, the nose gear of the aircraft collapsed, and the aircraft came to rest on runway 04. Of the 51 passengers and 4 crew members, only 1 minor injury was sustained during the evacuation. During recovery of the aircraft, it was discovered that a failed downlock spring on the nose gear had prevented the landing gear from locking in the down position.[49]

See also


  1. ^ "IATA - Airline and Airport Code Search". Retrieved 2015.
  2. ^ "Federal Aviation Administration - Airline Certificate Information - Detail View". Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c d "SkyWest Fact Sheet" (PDF). April 2, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  4. ^ a b "SkyWest Airlines - General Information". SkyWest Airlines. Retrieved 2018.
  5. ^ "SkyWest, Inc. Investor Update" (PDF). Retrieved 2018.
  6. ^ Arnoult, Sandra (April 2005). "SkyWest thrives on the Atkin diet". Air Transport World. Retrieved 2012.
  7. ^ "List of NASDAQ IPO dates". NASDAQ. Retrieved 2011.
  8. ^, March 1, 1987 Western Airlines system timetable & Western Express/SkyWest route map
  9. ^ a b c d e, About, History
  10. ^, April 3, 1988 SkyWest route map
  11. ^ Nii, Jenifer K. (16 August 2005). "SkyWest deal: St. George-based firm buys Delta's ASA". Deseret Morning News. Retrieved 2013.
  13. ^ "FTC transaction granted (Early termination)" (PDF). FTC. Archived from the original (PDF) on 18 October 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  14. ^ "Alaska Airlines Announces Routes, Schedule for New Partner". Alaska Airlines. 25 February 2011. Retrieved 2011.
  15. ^ "Southwest to end AirTran's codesharing with SkyWest on Sept. 6 | Dallas News". The Dallas Morning News Inc. 2011-06-13. Retrieved .
  16. ^ "Media Room" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-09-27. Retrieved .
  17. ^ "SkyWest, Inc. Announces Agreement With American Airlines; Adds Major Code Share Partner | PR Newswire". PR Newswire Association LLC. 2012-09-12. Retrieved .
  18. ^ SkyWest, Inc. (September 6, 2017). "SkyWest, Inc. Announces Order of 25 New Aircraft, New Flying Agreements". PRNewswire. Retrieved 2017.
  19. ^
  20. ^ Snyder, Brett (December 20, 2018). "There is a Reason United's Purchase of ExpressJet is So Complicated". Cranky Flier. Retrieved 2019.
  21. ^ ExpressJet Airlines (January 23, 2019). "ManaAir Announces Completion of ExpressJet Airlines Acquisition". Retrieved 2019.
  22. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2013 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 14, 2014. Retrieved 2020.
  23. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2014 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 18, 2015. Retrieved 2020.
  24. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2015 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 26, 2016. Retrieved 2020.
  25. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2016 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 27, 2017. Retrieved 2020.
  26. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2017 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 26, 2018. Retrieved 2020.
  27. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2018 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 21, 2019. Retrieved 2020.
  28. ^ a b "SkyWest, Inc. Annual Report year ended December 31, 2019 on Form 10-K" (PDF). February 18, 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  29. ^ "SkyWest Airlines - General Information". SkyWest Airlines. Retrieved 2018.
  30. ^ "Aircraft" (PDF). SkyWest Airlines. May 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  31. ^ "SkyWest Airlines Fleet Details and History". Retrieved 2017.
  32. ^ "SkyWest, Inc. Announces Second Quarter 2018 Profit". July 26, 2018. Retrieved . ...20 new Bombardier CRJ900 aircraft..." "...aircraft will have the ATMOSPHÈRE cabin with a 70-seat, dual-class configuration...
  33. ^ Inc, SkyWest. "SkyWest, Inc. Announces New Flying Agreement for 25 E175 Aircraft with United Airlines". Retrieved .
  34. ^ "SkyWest orders 20 old-generation Embraer jets as order for new line remains paused". Reuters. 2020-01-30. Retrieved .
  35. ^ "Planemaker Embraer signs firm order for 9 E175 jets with SkyWest". Reuters. 2019-01-31. Retrieved .
  36. ^ "SkyWest firms deal for 100 MRJ90s". FlightGlobal. December 13, 2012. Retrieved 2017.
  37. ^ "SkyWest MRJ90 commitment unchanged". 24 January 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  38. ^ "SkyWest snaps up E175s". Airliner World. October 2019: 14.
  39. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Swearingen SA226-TC Metro II N163SW Kearns, UT". 1987-01-15. Retrieved .
  40. ^ "ASN Aircraft accident Embraer EMB-120RT Brasilia N198SW San Diego International Airport, CA (SAN)". 1997-05-21. Retrieved .
  41. ^ Schevitz, Tanya (2008-01-14). "Jet backs into another at SFO - no injuries". San Francisco Chronicle. Archived from the original on 2008-10-18. Retrieved .
  42. ^ "United Express jet runs off San Antonio runway". WFAA. Associated Press. 2008-09-08. Archived from the original on September 10, 2008. Retrieved .
  43. ^ Hradecky, Simon (2008-09-08). "Incident: Skywest CRJ7 at San Antonio on Sep 7th 2008, ran off runway". The Aviation Herald. Retrieved .
  44. ^ "Skywest Flight Out Of SFO Makes Emergency Landing". KTVU. Bay City News. 2010-05-23. Archived from the original on 2010-05-27. Retrieved .
  45. ^ "NTSB Identification: WPR10IA256". NTSB. Retrieved .
  46. ^ "Man tries to steal commercial jet, crashes into terminal, kills himself | National News - 960WELI - New Haven's News/Talk :: New Haven, CT". 960WELI. 2012-07-17. Retrieved .
  47. ^ "Criminal Occurrence description". 2012-07-17. Retrieved .
  48. ^ "United SkyWest Jet Makes Emergency Landing At LAX". 11 May 2015. Retrieved 2018.
  49. ^ "Accident: Skywest E175 at San Antonio on Dec 4th 2016, nose gear collapse on landing". Retrieved .

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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