Smart Cities Mission
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Smart Cities Mission

Smart Cities Mission
Smart Cities (India) logo.png
Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the launch of Smart Cities Mission, Pune.jpg
Prime Minister Narendra Modi at the launch of Smart Cities Mission, Pune; June 2016
CountryIndia
Prime Minister(s)Narendra Modi
MinistryMinistry of Urban Development
Key peopleNarendra Modi
Launched2015
Funding (US$14 billion)
Websitehttp://smartcities.gov.in

Smart Cities Mission, sometimes referred to as Smart City Mission, is an urban renewal and retrofitting program by the Government of India with the mission to develop 100 smart cities across the country making them citizen friendly and sustainable.[1] The Union Ministry of Urban Development is responsible for implementing the mission in collaboration with the state governments of the respective cities.

On 7 September 2019, the 10,000-acre Aurangabad Industrial City (AURIC) in Aurangabad, Maharashtra was inaugurated as the first greenfield industrial smart city of India.[2][3]

Description

Smart Cities Mission envisions developing an area within 100 cities in the country as model areas based on an area development plan, which is expected to have a rub-off effect on other parts of the city,[4] and nearby cities and towns.[5] Cities will be selected based on the Smart Cities challenge, where cities will compete in a countrywide competition to obtain the benefits from this mission. As of January 2018, 99 cities have been selected to be upgraded as part of the Smart Cities Mission after they defeated other cities in the challenge.[6]

It is a five-year program in which, except for West Bengal[7], all of the Indian states and Union territories are participating by nominating at least one city for the Smart Cities challenge. Financial aid will be given by the central and state governments between 2017-2022 to the cities, and the mission will start showing results from 2022 onwards.

Each city will create a Special Purpose Vehicle (SPV), headed by a full-time CEO, to implement the Smart Cities Mission.[8] Centre and state government will provide (US$140 million) funding to the company, as equal contribution of (US$72 million) each. The company has to raise additional funds from the financial market as a debt or equity.

History

"100 Smart Cities Mission" was launched by Prime Minister Narendra Modi on 25 June 2015.[9] A total of (US$14 billion) has been approved by the Indian Cabinet for the development of 100 smart cities and the rejuvenation of 500 others. (US$6.9 billion) for the Smart Cities mission and a total funding of (US$7.2 billion) for the Atal Mission for Rejuvenation and Urban Transformation (AMRUT) have been approved by the Cabinet.[10][11]

In the 2014 Union budget of India, Finance Minister Arun Jaitley allocated (US$1.0 billion) for the 150 smart cities. However, only (US$130 million) of the allocated amount could be spent until February 2015. Hence, the 2015 Union budget of India allocated only (US$21 million) for the project.[11]

The first batch of 20 cities was selected. Known as 20 Lighthouse Cities in the first round of the All India City Challenge competition, they will be provided with central assistance of (US$29 million) each during this financial year followed by (US$14 million) per year during the next three years.[12] The Urban Development Ministry had earlier released (US$290,000) each to mission cities for preparation of Smart City Plans.

Smart City Challenge

The Ministry of Urban Development (MoUD) program used a competition-based method as a means for selecting cities for funding, based on an area-based development strategy.[13] Cities competed at the state level with other cities within the state. Then the state-level winner competed at the national level Smart City Challenge. Cities obtaining the highest marks in a particular round were chosen to be part of the mission.[]

The state governments were asked to nominate potential cities based on state-level competition, with overall cities across India limited to 100.[14] In August 2015 the Ministry of Urban Development released the list of 98 nominees sent in by state governments.[15]

All the participating cities from West Bengal (New Town, Kolkata, Bidhannagar, Durgapur, Haldia) have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[7]Mumbai[16] and Navi Mumbai from Maharashtra have also been withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[17]

List of cities nominated by states for the smart city challenge

There are 98 nominated by states national level smart cities challenge, based on state level competition.[18][19][20] 100 cities were supposed to be nominated but Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh did not use one slot each.

S. No. Name of State/UT Smart Cities Challenge

Nominations Allocated

Names of Cities proposed by States
1 Andhra Pradesh 4 Visakhapatnam, Kakinada, Tirupati,amaravati
2 Gujarat 6 Gandhinagar, Surat, Vadodara, Rajkot, Ahmedabad, Dahod
3 Madhya Pradesh 7 Bhopal, Indore, Jabalpur, Gwalior, Satna, Ujjain, Sagar
4 Tamil Nadu 12 Chennai, Coimbatore, Dindigul, Erode, Madurai, Salem, Thanjavur, Thoothukudi, Tiruchirappalli, Tirunelveli, Tiruppur, Vellore
5 Karnataka 7 Mangaluru, Belagavi, Shivamogga, Hubbali-Dharwad, Tumakuru, Davanagere, Bengaluru
6 Kerala 2 Kochi, Thiruvananthapuram
7 Telangana 2 Warangal, Karimnagar
10 Maharashtra 10

Thane, Kalyan-Dombivali, Nashik, Amravati, Solapur, Nagpur, Pune City (PMC & PCMC Limits), Ahmed Nagar

9 Uttar Pradesh 12 (13) Moradabad, Aligarh, Saharanpur, Bareilly, Jhansi, Kanpur, Allahabad, Lucknow, Varanasi, Agra, Rampur, Padrauna
10 Rajasthan 4 Jaipur, Udaipur, Ajmer, Kota
11 Punjab 3 Ludhiana, Jalandhar, Amritsar
12 Bihar 4 Muzaffarpur, Bhagalpur, Biharsharif, Patna
13 Haryana 2 Karnal, Faridabad
14 Assam 1 Guwahati
15 Odisha 2 Bhubaneshwar, Rourkela
16 Himachal Pradesh 1 Dharamshala
17 Uttarakhand 1 Dehradun
18 Jharkhand 1 Ranchi
19 Sikkim 1 Namchi
20 Manipur 1 Imphal
21 Andaman and Nicobar Islands 1 Port Blair
22 Arunachal Pradesh 1 Pasighat
23 Chandigarh 1 Chandigarh
24 Chhattisgarh 3 Raipur, Bilaspur, Naya Raipur
25 Dadra and Nagar Haveli 1 Silvassa
26 Daman and Diu 1 Diu
27 Delhi 1 New Delhi
28 Goa 1 Panaji
29 Lakshadweep 1 Kavaratti
30 Meghalaya 1 Shillong
31 Mizoram 1 Aizawl
32 Nagaland 1 Kohima
33 Puducherry 1 Oulgaret
34 Tripura 1 Agartala
35 Jammu and Kashmir 2 None
  • Jammu & Kashmir was allocated one city but it could not submit the proposal on-time for the first round of the challenge.
  • All cities from West Bengal have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[7]
  • Mumbai and Navi Mumbai have withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission.[16][17]

1st Round winners - Selection of 20 Smart Cities

Minister of Urban Development) Shri Venkaiah Naidu announced the selected top 20 from among the 98 nominated cities on 28 January 2016. Bhubaneswar topped the list of the top 20, followed by Pune and Jaipur.[22]

2nd Round winners - Selection of 13 Smart Cities

[23]

* New Town Kolkata has withdrawn from the Smart Cities Mission after the Bengal government decided to withdraw all cities from the competition.[24][7] It has rejected INR1,000 crore to be given for development of the city as smart city.[25]

3rd round winners - Selection of 27 Smart Cities

In this round state capital cities Patna, Thiruvananthapuram, Bengaluru, Amaravati, Itanagar, Gangtok, Shimla, Naya Raipur were allowed to compete in the Smart Cities challenge above and beyond the quota allocated to the state. It has also allowed the governments of Jammu and Kashmir and Uttar Pradesh to nominate two cities each -- Jammu and Srinagar, and Rae Bareli and Meerut respectively -- in contravention of the rules. Overall 110 cities will compete for the 100 slots.

The following is the third smart city list:[27]

4th round winners - Selection of 30 Smart Cities

The following are the cities included in the Smart Cities Mission in 4th round:[28]

Pimpri-Chinchwad replaced Navi Mumbai as a nomination from Maharashtra for the Smart Cities Mission.

5th round winners - Selection of 9 Smart Cities

There is now a total of 99 cities which have been added to the Smart Cities Mission. The following are the cities included in the 5th round:

References

  1. ^ "Mission Statement and Guidelines - Smart Cities" (PDF). Ministry of Urban Development, GOI. Archived (PDF) from the original on 1 August 2017. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ "India's first industrial integrated smart city set for inauguration". The Times of India. 6 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  3. ^ "PM Modi opens first greenfield industrial smart city in Aurangabad". India Today. 7 September 2019. Retrieved 2019.
  4. ^ "Smart City project: We start small so that it can be replicated, says govt". The Indian Express. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 14 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  5. ^ "Mapping expenditure: 80% Smart City funds for just 2.7% of city area". The Indian Express. 14 June 2017. Archived from the original on 28 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  6. ^ "9 more cities added to Smart City Mission, total now 99". The Times of India. 19 January 2018. Archived from the original on 8 February 2018. Retrieved 2018.
  7. ^ a b c d "Mamata vs Modi govt: 5 central schemes stonewalled by the West Bengal CM". www.hindustantimes.com. 29 March 2017. Archived from the original on 28 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  8. ^ "SPV :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 27 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  9. ^ "Prime Minister launches Smart Cities, AMRUT, Urban Housing Missions", Press Information Bureau, 25 June 2015
  10. ^ "Narendra Modi launches smart city projects in Pune", Live Mint, 25 June 2016, archived from the original on 26 June 2016
  11. ^ a b Cabinet nod To Rs 1 lakh cr for urban renewal, 98 smart cities to take off, New Delhi: Business Standard, BS Reporter, 30 April 2015, archived from the original on 25 November 2015
  12. ^ "No time extension beyond December 15 for Smart City plan", The Economic Times, 3 November 2015
  13. ^ "Challenges :: SMART CITIES MISSION, Government of India". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 6 June 2017. Retrieved 2018.
  14. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived (PDF) from the original on 12 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  15. ^ Smart Cities in India, archived from the original on 29 August 2015
  16. ^ a b "Mumbai refuses to play 'smart'". www.asianage.com. 24 June 2017. Archived from the original on 9 February 2018. Retrieved 2017.
  17. ^ a b "Mumbai, Navi Mumbai may not make it to Prime Minister Narendra Modi's pet Smart Cities' project". www.hindustantimes.com. 21 September 2016. Archived from the original on 25 September 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  18. ^ List of 98 Smart Cities, The Times of India, archived from the original on 29 August 2015
  19. ^ "Centre unveils list of 98 smart cities; UP, TN strike it rich". The Hindu. 28 August 2015. Archived from the original on 26 November 2016.
  20. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 6 March 2016. Retrieved 2016.CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)
  21. ^ a b "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 8 May 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  22. ^ "Bhubaneswar leads Govt's Smart City list, Rs 50,802 crore to be invested over five years", The Indian Express, New Delhi, 29 January 2016, archived from the original on 29 January 2016
  23. ^ "Smart cities phase 2 winners" (PDF). smartcities.gov.in. Archived (PDF) from the original on 2 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  24. ^ "West Bengal: Mamata dumps Centre's Smart City project, to develop cities on its own". The Indian Express. 19 August 2016. Archived from the original on 2 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  25. ^ "Green City Mission: Rs 50 lakh each for all 125 municipalities in West Bengal". The Indian Express. 21 December 2016. Archived from the original on 11 July 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  26. ^ "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 September 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  27. ^ "Amritsar tops new smart city list - Times of India". The Times of India. Archived from the original on 10 October 2016. Retrieved 2017.
  28. ^ Dash, Nivedita (23 June 2017). "New list of 30 smart cities is out. Did your city make the cut?". India Today. Archived from the original on 23 June 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  29. ^ a b "SmartCities.gov.in". smartcities.gov.in. Archived from the original on 12 February 2017. Retrieved 2017.
  30. ^ "Thiruvananthapuram tops list of 30 new smart cities". economictimes.indiatimes.com. Archived from the original on 28 December 2017. Retrieved 2018.

External links

Smart Cities Map


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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