Sorbian Alphabet
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Sorbian Alphabet

The Sorbian alphabet is based on the ISO basic Latin alphabet but uses diacritics such as the acute accent and the caron, making it similar to the Czech and Polish alphabets. (This mixture is also found in the Belarusian Latin alphabet.) The standard character encoding for the Sorbian alphabet is ISO 8859-2 (Latin-2).

The alphabet is used for the Sorbian languages, although some letters are used in only one of the two languages (Upper Sorbian and Lower Sorbian).

Alphabet table

Upper
case
HTML
code
Lower
case
HTML
code
Name Usual
phonetic value
Other
phonetic values
Comments
A   a   a [a]    
B   b   bej [b] [p]  
C   c   cej [ts]    
? Č ? č ?ej [t?]    
? Ć ? ć ?et [t?]    
D   d   dej [d] [t]  
E   e   ej [?]    
? Ě ? ě j?t/?t (Upper), ?t (Lower) [i?]    
F   f   ef [f]    
G   g   gej [?]    
H   h   ha Upper [h]
Lower [h] or silent
   
I   i   i [i]    
J   j   jot/jót (Upper), jot (Lower) [j]    
K   k   ka [k]    
? Ł ? ł e? [w]    
L   l   el [l]    
M   m   em [m]    
N   n   en [n]    
? Ń ? ń e? (Upper), ejn (Lower) [?]    
O   o   o [?]    
Ó Ó ó ó ót Upper [u?]
Lower [?] or [?]
   
P   p   pej [p]    
R   r   er [r]    
? Ř ? ř e? [?]   Upper Sorbian only.
Represents older r after a voiceless consonant and before a front
vowel, e.g. p?e?el /'ptl/ 'friend' from Proto-Slavic *prijatelj?.
? Ŕ ? ŕ ej? [r?]   Lower Sorbian only
S   s   es [s] [z], [?]  
? Š ? š e? [?]    
? Ś ? ś ?ej [?] [?] Lower Sorbian only
T   t   tej [t] [d]  
U   u   u [u]    
W   w   wej Upper [v]
Lower [w] or silent
Upper Sorbian [f]  
Y   y   y [?]    
Z   z   zet [z] [s], [?]  
? Ž ? ž ?et [?]    
? Ź ? ź ?ej [?]   Lower Sorbian only
(except as part of digraph d?)

An earlier version of the Lower Sorbian alphabet included the use of the letters b?, ?, ?, ? and f? to indicate palatalized labials. These have been replaced by bj, mj, pj, wj, and fj.[1][2]

Sorbian orthography also includes two digraphs:

Upper
case
HTML
code
Lower
case
HTML
code
Name Usual
phonetic value
Other
phonetic values
Ch   ch   cha Upper [k?] word/root initially; [x] otherwise
Lower [x]
 
D? Dź d? dź d?ej/d?et [d?] [t?]

The digraph ch follows h in alphabetical order.

References

  • Jana ?oina, Edward Wornar: Obersorbisch im Selbststudium, Hornjoserbina za samostudij, Bautzen 2000, ISBN 3-7420-1779-9, Seiten 12-15 (in German)
  • Starosta: Dolnoserbsko-nimski s?ownik, Niedersorbisch-deutsches Wörterbuch, Bautzen 1999, ISBN 3-7420-1096-4, Seiten 15-21 (in German)

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Sorbian_alphabet
 



 



 
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