South Durham
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South Durham
South Durham
Former County constituency
for the House of Commons
Form 1832-1868 and this area was left intact until 1885. Extract from 1837 result: the longer 'doubly' orange area which has an east coast.
CountyCounty Durham
1832-1885
Number of membersTwo
Replaced byBarnard Castle, Bishop Auckland, Houghton-le-Spring, Jarrow, Mid Durham, North West Durham and South East Durham
Created fromCounty Durham

South Durham, formally the Southern Division of Durham and often referred to as Durham Southern, was a county constituency of the House of Commons of the Parliament of the United Kingdom. It elected two Members of Parliament (MPs) by the bloc vote system of election.

Boundaries

1832-1885: The Wards of Darlington and Stockton.[1]

In 1832 the historic county of Durham, in north east England, was split for parliamentary purposes into two county divisions. These were the South division (with a place of election at Darlington) and North Durham (where voting took place at the city of Durham). Each division returned two members to Parliament.

There were no parliamentary boroughs enclaved in the area of the South division, between 1832 and 1885, so no non-resident 40 shilling freeholders voted in the county constituency. (Source: Stooks Smith).

History

In 1885 this division was abolished, when the North and South Durham county divisions were replaced by eight new single-member county constituencies. These were Barnard Castle, Bishop Auckland, Chester-le-Street, Houghton-le-Spring, Jarrow, Mid Durham, North West Durham and South East Durham. In addition there were seven County Durham borough constituencies.

Members of Parliament

See also

Election results

Elections in the 1840s

General election 1841: South Durham[7][2]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Harry Vane 2,547 37.6 N/A
Whig John Bowes 2,483 36.7 N/A
Conservative James Farrer 1,739 25.7 N/A
Majority 744 11.0 N/A
Turnout 4,074 84.5 N/A
Registered electors 4,820
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig hold Swing N/A
General election 1847: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Harry Vane Unopposed
Conservative James Farrer Unopposed
Registered electors 5,783
Whig hold
Conservative gain from Whig

Elections in the 1850s

General election 1852: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Harry Vane Unopposed
Conservative James Farrer Unopposed
Registered electors 5,616
Whig hold
Conservative hold
General election 1857: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Whig Henry Pease 2,570 35.7 N/A
Whig Harry Vane 2,542 35.3 N/A
Conservative James Farrer 2,091 29.0 N/A
Majority 451 6.3 N/A
Turnout 4,647 (est) 83.5 (est) N/A
Registered electors 5,565
Whig hold Swing N/A
Whig gain from Conservative Swing N/A
General election 1859: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Henry Pease Unopposed
Conservative James Farrer Unopposed
Registered electors 6,681
Liberal hold
Conservative gain from Liberal

Elections in the 1860s

General election 1865: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Pease 3,401 35.7 N/A
Conservative Charles Surtees 3,211 33.7 N/A
Liberal Frederick Beaumont 2,925 30.7 N/A
Turnout 6,374 (est) 87.8 (est) N/A
Registered electors 7,263
Majority 190 2.0 N/A
Liberal hold Swing N/A
Majority 286 3.0 N/A
Conservative hold Swing N/A
General election 1868: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Pease 4,319 28.3 −7.4
Liberal Frederick Beaumont 4,024 26.4 −4.3
Conservative Charles Surtees 3,714 24.3 +7.4
Conservative Gustavus Hamilton-Russell[8] 3,206 21.0 +4.1
Majority 310 2.0 +0.0
Turnout 7,632 (est) 81.6 (est) −6.2
Registered electors 9,352
Liberal hold Swing −5.8
Liberal gain from Conservative Swing −5.9

Elections in the 1870s

General election 1874: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Pease 4,792 36.5 +8.2
Liberal Frederick Beaumont 4,461 33.9 +7.5
Conservative Charles Vane-Tempest 3,887 29.6 −15.7
Majority 574 4.4 +2.4
Turnout 8,514 (est) 83.8 (est) +2.2
Registered electors 10,159
Liberal hold Swing +8.0
Liberal hold Swing +7.7

Elections in the 1880s

General election 1880: South Durham[7]
Party Candidate Votes % ±
Liberal Joseph Pease 5,930 37.3 +0.8
Liberal Frederick Lambton 5,912 37.2 +3.3
Conservative Charles Surtees 4,044 25.5 −4.1
Majority 1,868 11.8 +7.4
Turnout 9,974 (est) 86.0 (est) +2.2
Registered electors 11,592
Liberal hold Swing +1.4
Liberal hold Swing +2.7

References

  1. ^ "The statutes of the United Kingdom of Great Britain and Ireland. 2 & 3 William IV. Cap. LXIV. An Act to settle and describe the Divisions of Counties, and the Limits of Cities and Boroughs, in England and Wales, in so far as respects the Election of Members to serve in Parliament". London: His Majesty's statute and law printers. 1832. pp. 300-383. Retrieved .
  2. ^ a b c d Stooks Smith, Henry. (1973) [1844-1850]. Craig, F. W. S. (ed.). The Parliaments of England (2nd ed.). Chichester: Parliamentary Research Services. p. 98. ISBN 0-900178-13-2.
  3. ^ Turnbull, Richard (2019). "Quarkers, Free Trade and Social Responsibility". In Burton, Nicholas; Turnbull, Richard (eds.). Quakers, Business and Corporate Responsibility: Lessons and Cases for Responsible Management. CSR, Sustainability, Ethics & Governance. Cham: Springer Nature Switzerland. p. 99. doi:10.1007/978-3-030-04034-5. ISBN 978-3-030-04033-8. LCCN 2018966594. Retrieved 2019 – via Google Books.
  4. ^ "South Durham Election". Newcastle Journal. 11 April 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  5. ^ a b "Evening Mail". 24 April 1857. p. 5. Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  6. ^ a b "(From the London Guardian)". Staffordshire Advertiser. 11 April 1857. p. 6. Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  7. ^ a b c d e f g h i Craig, F. W. S., ed. (1977). British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885 (e-book)|format= requires |url= (help) (1st ed.). London: Macmillan Press. p. 384. ISBN 978-1-349-02349-3.
  8. ^ "South Durham Election". Durham Chronicle. 20 November 1868. p. 5. Retrieved 2018 – via British Newspaper Archive.
  • Leigh Rayment's Historical List of MPs - Constituencies beginning with "D" (part 4)
  • Boundaries of Parliamentary Constituencies 1885-1972, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Parliamentary Reference Publications 1972)
  • British Parliamentary Election Results 1832-1885, compiled and edited by F.W.S. Craig (Macmillan Press 1977)
  • The Parliaments of England by Henry Stooks Smith (1st edition published in three volumes 1844-50), second edition edited (in one volume) by F.W.S. Craig (Political Reference Publications 1973)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament: Volume I 1832-1885, edited by M. Stenton (The Harvester Press 1976)
  • Who's Who of British Members of Parliament, Volume II 1886-1918, edited by M. Stenton and S. Lees (Harvester Press 1978)

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