Southern Federal District
Get Southern Federal District essential facts below. View Videos or join the Southern Federal District discussion. Add Southern Federal District to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Southern Federal District

Coordinates: 47°14?N 39°43?E / 47.233°N 39.717°E / 47.233; 39.717

Southern Federal District

Location of the Southern Federal District
Location of the Southern Federal District
Country Russia
EstablishedMay 18, 2000
Administrative centerRostov-on-Don
Government
 o Presidential EnvoyVladimir Ustinov
Area
 o Total447,900 km2 (172,900 sq mi)
Area rank7th
Population
 o Total16,319,253[2]
 o Rank4th
 o Density33.1/km2 (86/sq mi)
 o Urban
62.4%[2]
 o Rural
37.6%[2]
Federal subjects8 contained
Economic regions1 contained
HDI (2017)0.793[3]
high · 6th
Websiteufo.gov.ru

The Southern Federal District (Russian: , tr. Yuzhny federalny okrug, IPA: ['ju?n?j fd'ral?n?j 'okr?k]) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its territory lies mostly on the Pontic-Caspian steppe of southern Russia. The Southern Federal District shares borders with Ukraine, the Azov Sea, and the Black Sea in the west, and Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea in the east. [4]The Southern Federal District was originally called the North Caucasian Federal District when it was founded in May 2000, but was renamed for political reasons on June 21, 2000. On January 19, 2010, the Southern Federal District was split in two, with its former southern territories forming a new North Caucasian Federal District.[5]

On July 28, 2016 Crimean Federal District (which contains the Republic of Crimea and the Federal city of Sevastopol) was abolished and merged into Southern Federal District in order to "improve the governance".[6] Crimean Federal District was established on March 21, 2014 after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation.[7] The federal district includes both the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol, both recognized as part of Ukraine by most of the international community. Ukraine considers the area, along with the areas of Luhansk People's Republic and Donetsk People's Republic, as temporarily occupied territories.[8][9]

Its population was 13,854,334 (62.4% urban) according to the 2010 Census,[2] living in an area of 420,900 square kilometers (162,500 sq mi).[1]

Demographics

Federal subjects

Southern Federal District
# Flag Federal subject Area in km2[1] Population Capital/administrative center
1 Flag of Adygea.svg Republic of Adygea 7,800 447,109 Maykop
2 Flag of Astrakhan Oblast.svg Astrakhan Oblast 49,000 1,005,276 Astrakhan
3 Flag of Volgograd Oblast.svg Volgograd Oblast 112,900 2,699,223 Volgograd
4 Flag of Kalmykia.svg Republic of Kalmykia 74,700 292,410 Elista
5 Flag of Krasnodar Krai.svg Krasnodar Krai 75,500 5,125,221 Krasnodar
6 Flag of Crimea.svg Republic of Crimea[a] 26,100 1,966,801 Simferopol
7 Flag of Rostov Oblast.svg Rostov Oblast 101,000 4,404,013 Rostov-on-Don
8 Flag of Sevastopol.svg Sevastopol[a] 900 379,200 Sevastopol
  1. ^ a b Annexed by Russia in 2014; recognized yet as a part of Ukraine by most of the international community.

References

  1. ^ a b c "1.1. -? ? ? 2014 ?." [MAIN SOCIOECONOMIC INDICATORS 2014]. Regions of Russia. Socioeconomic indicators - 2015 (in Russian). Russian Federal State Statistics Service. Retrieved 2016.
  2. ^ a b c d Russian Federal State Statistics Service (2011). "? 2010 ?.  1" [2010 All-Russian Population Census, vol. 1]. ? 2010 ? [2010 All-Russia Population Census] (in Russian). Federal State Statistics Service.
  3. ^ "Sub-national HDI - Area Database - Global Data Lab". hdi.globaldatalab.org. Retrieved 2018.
  4. ^ http://russiatrek.org/south-district
  5. ^ ? . ? No849  13 2000 ?. «? ? ? ? ? ». ? ? ? 13 2000 ?. : " ? ", No20, . 2112, 15 2000 ?. (President of the Russian Federation. Decree #849 of May 13, 2000 On the Plenipotentiary Representative of the President of the Russian Federation in a Federal District. Effective as of May 13, 2000.).
  6. ^ " ? ? " (in Russian). Interfax. July 28, 2016. Retrieved 2016.
  7. ^ "? ". RBC. March 21, 2014.
  8. ^ Law about occupied territories of Ukraine. Mirror Weekly. 15 May 2014
  9. ^ Higher educational institutions at the temporarily occupied territories of Ukraine will not work - the minister of education. Newsru. 1 October 2014

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Southern_Federal_District
 



 



 
Music Scenes