Southern Federal District
Location of the Southern Federal District
|Established||May 18, 2000|
|o Presidential Envoy||Vladimir Ustinov|
|o Total||447,900 km2 (172,900 sq mi)|
|o Density||33.1/km2 (86/sq mi)|
|Federal subjects||8 contained|
|Economic regions||1 contained|
high · 6th
The Southern Federal District (Russian: , tr. Yuzhny federalny okrug, IPA: ['ju?n?j fd'ral?n?j 'okr?k]) is one of the eight federal districts of Russia. Its territory lies mostly on the Pontic-Caspian steppe of southern Russia. The Southern Federal District shares borders with Ukraine, the Azov Sea, and the Black Sea in the west, and Kazakhstan and the Caspian Sea in the east. The Southern Federal District was originally called the North Caucasian Federal District when it was founded in May 2000, but was renamed for political reasons on June 21, 2000. On January 19, 2010, the Southern Federal District was split in two, with its former southern territories forming a new North Caucasian Federal District.
On July 28, 2016 Crimean Federal District (which contains the Republic of Crimea and the Federal city of Sevastopol) was abolished and merged into Southern Federal District in order to "improve the governance". Crimean Federal District was established on March 21, 2014 after the annexation of Crimea by the Russian Federation. The federal district includes both the Republic of Crimea and the federal city of Sevastopol, both recognized as part of Ukraine by most of the international community. Ukraine considers the area, along with the areas of Luhansk People's Republic and Donetsk People's Republic, as temporarily occupied territories.
|#||Flag||Federal subject||Area in km2||Population||Capital/administrative center|
|1||Republic of Adygea||7,800||447,109||Maykop|
|4||Republic of Kalmykia||74,700||292,410||Elista|
|6||Republic of Crimea[a]||26,100||1,966,801||Simferopol|