Sparta Rotterdam
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Sparta Rotterdam

Sparta Rotterdam
Sparta Rotterdam logo.svg
Full nameSparta Rotterdam
Nickname(s)De Kasteelheren
(The Castle Lords)
De Rood-Witte Gladiatoren (The Red-White Gladiators)
Founded1 April 1888; 132 years ago (1888-04-01)
GroundHet Kasteel (The Castle)
Rotterdam
Capacity11,926
ChairmanLeo Ruijs
ManagerHenk Fraser
LeagueEredivisie
2019-20Eredivisie, 11th
WebsiteClub website
Current season

Sparta Rotterdam (Dutch pronunciation: ['sp?rtar?t?r'd?m]) is a Dutch professional football club based in Rotterdam. Established on 1 April 1888, Sparta Rotterdam is the oldest professional football team in the Netherlands.

Sparta currently compete in the Eredivisie, the top flight of Dutch professional football, having won promotion from the Eerste Divisie in 2018-19. The club is one of three professional football clubs from Rotterdam, the others being Excelsior (est. 1902) and Feyenoord (est. 1908).

History

Sparta Rotterdam vs Blackpool F.C., Aug. 1957

On 1 April 1888, several students from Rotterdam founded a cricket club called Rotterdamsche Cricket & Football Club Sparta. In July 1888, a football branch of the club was established. In 1890, Sparta played its first real football match, and in 1892 Sparta disbanded the cricket branch. Sparta was promoted to the highest league of Dutch football on 23 April 1893. In 1897, Sparta withdrew from the competition after continuous dubious arbitration of Sparta matches. The club continued to exist, however, and in 1899 the board of Sparta visited a match of Sunderland. Impressed with the red-and-white jersey of the English club, the board decided that Sunderland's colours (red-white striped jersey, black shorts) would henceforth be the colours of Sparta.

In 1905, Sparta initiated and organised the first home match of the Netherlands national team, against Belgium. The match, won 4-0 by the Netherlands, was a rematch of a game two weeks prior, when the Netherlands beat Belgium 4-1 in Antwerp, Belgium.

The first match at Sparta's new stadium, Het Kasteel (The Castle), in the Spangen area of west Rotterdam, was played on 14 October 1916. The stadium was renovated in 1999 and is still Sparta's stadium.

Until the 2002-03 season, Sparta had always played at the highest level, but after they appointed the former international player Frank Rijkaard as a manager they were relegated from the top-level Eredivisie in 2002. That made Rijkaard resign from his position[1]. Sparta returned to the Eredivisie for the 2005-06 season. They were relegated again in 2010. On 20 August 2010, they equalled Ajax's and Heracles Almelo's Dutch league record win when they defeated Almere City 12-1[2] with Johan Voskamp scoring an Eerste Divisie record 8 goals on his debut.[3]

After six years in the Eerste Divisie, Sparta again won promotion to the Eredivisie in April 2016 after a 3-1 win over Jong Ajax won them an unassailable lead over second placed VVV-Venlo.[4] However, they were relegated for the third time in their history in May 2018 after they were beaten 1-3 on aggregate by FC Emmen in the promotion/relegation play-offs. The result proved to be a historical one since Emmen won their first ever promotion to the Eredivisie.[5]

Sparta has won six national titles (1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915 and 1959) and three national cups (1958, 1962 and 1966).

Meuse/Scheldt Cup

The best footballers of Rotterdam and Antwerp contested a yearly match between 1909 and 1959 for the Meuse- and Scheldt Cup (Maas- en Schelde Beker). It was agreed to play the game at stadium Het Kasteel in Rotterdam and at the Bosuilstadion in Antwerp. The cup was provided in 1909 by Kees van Hasselt from Rotterdam and P. Havenith from Antwerp.

Youth program

The Sparta Jeugdopleiding (English: Sparta Youth Academy) is a four-star certified youth academy and amongst the strongest in the nation, having won the national academy of the year award on several occasions.[6] Several International footballers have progressed through the ranks of the academy, including Danny Blind, Danny Koevermans, David Mendes da Silva, Ed de Goey, Winston Bogarde, Memphis Depay, Henk Fräser, Jan van Beveren, Georginio Wijnaldum, Anwar El Ghazi, Jetro Willems, John de Wolf, Kevin Strootman, Rick van Drongelen and Nick Viergever, Marten de Roon amongst others.[7]

Honours

National

1908-09, 1910-11, 1911-12, 1912-13, 1914-15, 1958-59
2015-16
1957-58, 1961-62, 1965-66
1909, 1911, 1912, 1913, 1915, 1916, 1925, 1929, 1953, 1956

Others

  • Rotterdam Easter Tournament

Runners-up (2): 1934, 1948[8]

Domestic results

Eerste DivisieEredivisieEerste DivisieEredivisieEerste DivisieEredivisie

Below is a table with Sparta Rotterdam's domestic results since the introduction of the Eredivisie in 1956.

Sparta in Europe

  • Q = Qualifying Round
  • 1R = First round
  • 2R = Second round
  • 3R = Third round
  • 1/4 = Quarter-final
Season Competition Round Club Score
1959-60 European Cup 1R Sweden IFK Göteborg 3-1, 1-3, 3-1
1/4 Scotland Rangers 2-3, 1-0, 2-3
1962-63 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup Q Switzerland Lausanne-Sport 0-3, 4-2
1966-67 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Malta Floriana 1-1, 6-0
2R Switzerland Servette 0-2, 1-0
1970-71 Inter-Cities Fairs Cup 1R Iceland ÍA Akranes 6-0, 9-0
2R Northern Ireland Coleraine 2-0, 2-1
3R Germany Bayern Munich 1-2, 1-3
1971-72 UEFA Cup Winners' Cup 1R Bulgaria Levski-Spartak 1-1, 2-0
2R Socialist Federal Republic of Yugoslavia Red Star Belgrade 1-1, 1-2
1983-84 UEFA Cup 1R Northern Ireland Coleraine 4-0, 1-1
2R East Germany Carl Zeiss Jena 3-2, 1-1
3R Soviet Union Spartak Moscow 1-1, 0-2
1985-86 UEFA Cup 1R Germany Hamburger SV 2-0, 0-2 (4-3 n.p.)
2R Germany Borussia Mönchengladbach 1-1, 1-5

Current squad

As of 26 January 2020

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Reserve squad

Note: Flags indicate national team as defined under FIFA eligibility rules. Players may hold more than one non-FIFA nationality.

Former managers

See also

External links

References

  1. ^ "Rijkaard quits at Sparta". Uefa.com. 31 May 2002. Retrieved 2018.
  2. ^ Sparta evenaart record Ajax en Heracles - De Telegraaf (in Dutch)
  3. ^ Acht treffers bij debuut - De Telegraaf (in Dutch)
  4. ^ Sparta Rotterdam terug in de eredivisie - NOS (in Dutch)
  5. ^ Emmen schrijft geschiedenis met promotie, Sparta degradeert uit eredivisie - AD (in Dutch)
  6. ^ "Jeugdopleiding Sparta beoordeeld met 4 sterren". Rijnmond TV. 1 February 2013. Retrieved 2015.
  7. ^ Hamilton, Chloe (22 October 1995). "Exponenten uit de jeugdopleiding van Sparta Rotterdam". Sparta Jeugdopleiding. Retrieved 2012.
  8. ^ http://www.rsssf.com/tabless/spartapasen34-48.html

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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