Spotted Kestrel
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Spotted Kestrel

Spotted kestrel
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Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Aves
Order: Falconiformes
Family: Falconidae
Genus: Falco
F. moluccensis
Binomial name
Falco moluccensis
(Bonaparte, 1850)
  • Falcon moluccensis moluccenis
  • Falcon moluccensis microbalius
A spotted kestrel in flight

The spotted kestrel (Falco moluccensis) is also known as the Moluccan kestrel.

Distribution and habitat

Spread through Wallacea and Java, the spotted kestrel inhabits grasslands with scattered trees, lightly wooded cultivation, and the edges of primary and tall secondary forest. Along logging roads, it occasionally penetrates forests, and sometimes inhabits clearings within forested areas. It has also been known to live in areas of human habitation.[2]


The spotted kestrel displays similar habits to that of the common kestrel.[3]


The spotted kestrel feeds primarily on small mammals, birds, mostly waterfowl and doves, lizards, and insects.


Displaying similar nesting habits to other kestrels, the spotted kestrel can be found occupying man-made structures, abandoned nests, and cliff sides.[3] In Indonesia, nests were found in a variety of locations, including the peaked roofs of traditional houses or in the crowns of palm trees.[4] Nests are usually occupied from March through September or October during mating season.[3]


The spotted kestrel has a call described as common, a keek, keek, keek, similar to other kestrels. While in flight, they tend to use a more scream-like call, rrrrit, rrrrit, rrrrit.[3]

See also


  1. ^ BirdLife International (2012). "Falco moluccensis". IUCN Red List of Threatened Species. 2012. Retrieved 2013.CS1 maint: ref=harv (link)
  2. ^ Suparman, Usep (2010). "Species account: Spotted Kestrel, Falco moluccensis". Global Raptor Information Network. The Peregrine Fund.
  3. ^ a b c d Ferguson-Lees, James (2001). Raptors of the World. p. 853.
  4. ^ Spotted kestrel, AVI (retrieved 16 June 2014)

Further reading

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



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