St Marie's Church, Widnes
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St Marie's Church, Widnes

St Marie's Church, Widnes
Widnes St Marie 1.jpg
St Marie's Church, Widnes
Coordinates: 53°21?45?N 2°43?38?W / 53.3624°N 2.7271°W / 53.3624; -2.7271
OS grid referenceSJ 513 851
LocationWidnes, Halton, Cheshire
CountryEngland
DenominationRoman Catholic
Architecture
Functional statusRedundant
Heritage designationGrade II
DesignatedDecember 2006
Architect(s)E. W. Pugin
Architectural typeChurch
StyleGothic Revival
Groundbreaking1862
Completed1865

St Marie's Church is a redundant Roman Catholic church in Lugsdale Road, Widnes, Cheshire, England. It is recorded in the National Heritage List for England as a designated Grade II listed building.[1]

History

The church was built between 1862 and 1865 to accommodate the large numbers of Irish immigrants who had come to work in the local chemical factories.[2] It was opened in 1865, and designed by E. W. Pugin.[3] The church was listed at Grade II on 22 December 2006,[1] but closed for worship early the following year.[4] The church has been placed on the Buildings at Risk list by the campaign group Save Britain's Heritage,[5] and has been identified by the Victorian Society as being one of the ten most endangered Victorian buildings in Britain.[6] In 2012 a grant from the Heritage Lottery Fund was obtained to enable the church to be converted into premises for Halton and St Helens Voluntary action.[7]

Architecture

Exterior

St Marie's is constructed in red brick with sandstone dressings, and has blue brick banding. It is roofed with Welsh slate. The plan consists of a single cell. The nave has a polygonal apse at the east end, and there are seven-bay aisles under lean-to roofs at the sides. On the gable at the west end is a bellcote with a cross finial. At the west end are three stepped lancet windows over a double doorway. The bays of the aisles are separated by stepped buttresses, and each bay contains a pair of lancet windows. On the north side of the church is an arched doorway under a gable, the tympanum of the arch containing a mosaic with the inscription "I am the Immaculate Conception". At the east end of the church the aisles terminate in gables, each gable containing a circular opening and surmounted by a cross finial. Each facet of the apse contains a pair of lancet windows.[1]

Interior

The arcades between the nave and the aisles are carried on slender piers. At the west end of the church is a gallery carrying the organ. At the east end of both aisles is an altar. The ceiling of the apse has painted and stencilled decoration. The richly decorated alabaster reredos contains paintings with gold backgrounds depicting the Nativity, the Annunciation, and the Assumption. These have been attributed to J. A. Pippet of Hardman & Co. In front of the reredos is a richly-carved altar and benediction throne under an elaborate canopy.[1] The two-manual pipe organ was made in about 1880 by Wadsworth of Manchester.[8]

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Historic England, "Roman Catholic Church of St Marie, Widnes (1391829)", National Heritage List for England, retrieved 2012
  2. ^ Diggle, Rev. G. E. (1961), A History of Widnes, Corporation of Widnes, p. 40, OCLC 450270
  3. ^ Pollard, Richard; Pevsner, Nikolaus (2006), Lancashire: Liverpool and the South-West, The Buildings of England, New Haven and London: Yale University Press, p. 651, ISBN 0-300-10910-5
  4. ^ Short, Adrian (8 November 2007), "Concerns for church future", Runcorn and Widnes Weekly News, Trinity Mirror North West & North Wales, retrieved 2012
  5. ^ Miller, Vikki (21 June 2008), "Record number of churches face demolition", Telegraph.co.uk, Telegraph Media Group, retrieved 2008
  6. ^ Wynne-Jones, Jonathan (21 September 2008), "Catholic church 'neglecting' heritage", Sunday Telegraph, p. 16, retrieved 2008
  7. ^ Jordan, Barbara (29 March 2012), "St Marie's Church to be preserved and shared by the community", Runcorn and Widnes World, Newsquest Media Group, retrieved 2012
  8. ^ Lancashire (Cheshire), Widnes, St. Marie, Lugsdale Road (C00177), British Institute of Organ Studies, retrieved 2012

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