State Council of the People's Republic of China
Get State Council of the People's Republic of China essential facts below. View Videos or join the State Council of the People's Republic of China discussion. Add State Council of the People's Republic of China to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
State Council of the People's Republic of China
State Council of the
People's Republic of China
?
Zh?nghuá Rénmín Gònghéguó Guówùyuàn
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg
Agency overview
Formed27 September 1954
Preceding agency
TypeExecutive branch of the central government
Executive body of the National People's Congress[1]
Highest organ of State administration[1]
JurisdictionGovernment of the People's Republic of China
HeadquartersState Council Hall, Zhongnanhai, Beijing
Motto"Serve the People"
Agency executives
Child agencies
WebsiteEnglish.gov.cn
National Emblem of the People's Republic of China (2).svg

politics and government of
China
State Council of the People's Republic of China
Simplified Chinese?
Traditional Chinese?
Literal meaning"Chinese People('s) Republic State Affair(s) Court"
State Council
(commonly used abbreviation)
Simplified Chinese
Traditional Chinese
Literal meaning"The Court of State Affairs"
Central People's Government
(Constitutional synonym[1])
Chinese
Literal meaningCentral People('s) Government

The State Council, constitutionally[1] synonymous with the Central People's Government since 1954 (particularly in relation to local governments), is the chief administrative authority of the People's Republic of China.[2] It is chaired by the premier and includes the heads of each of the cabinet-level executive departments.[3] Currently, the council has 35 members: the premier, one executive vice premier, three other vice premiers, five state councillors (of whom two are also ministers), and 25 additional ministers and chairs of major agencies.[4] In the politics of the People's Republic of China, the Central People's Government forms one of three interlocking branches of power, the others being the Communist Party of China and the People's Liberation Army. The State Council directly oversees the various subordinate People's Governments in the provinces, and in practice maintains membership with the top levels of the Communist Party of China.

Organization

The State Council meets every six months. Between meetings it is guided by a Standing Committee that meets weekly. The standing committee includes the premier, one executive vice premier, three vice premiers, and five other state councilors (normally one of whom serves as Secretary-General of the State Council, and two of whom concurrently serve as ministers).

The vice-premiers and state councilors are nominated by the premier, and appointed by the president with National People's Congress' (NPC) approval. Incumbents may serve two successive five-year terms.

Each vice premier oversees certain areas of administration. Each State Councilor performs duties as designated by the Premier. The secretary-general heads the General Office which handles the day-to-day work of the State Council. The secretary-general has relatively little power and should not be confused with the General Secretary of the Communist Party of China.

Each ministry supervises one sector. Commissions outrank ministries and set policies for and coordinate the related activities of different administrative organs. Offices deal with matters of ongoing concern. Bureaus and administrations rank below ministries.

In addition to the 25 ministries, there are 38 centrally administered government organizations that report directly to the state council. The heads of these organizations attend full meetings of the state committee on an irregular basis.

In practice, the vice premiers and State Councilors assume responsibility for one or more sectors or issues, and remain in contact with the various bodies responsible for policy related to that area. This allows the Standing Committee to oversee a wide range of government functions.

The State Council, like all other governmental bodies, is nominally responsible to the NPC and its Standing Committee in conducting a wide range of government functions both at the national and at the local levels, and nominally acts by virtue of the NPC's authority. In practice, however, the NPC had historically done little more than ratify decisions already made by the State Council. More recently, however, the NPC has taken on a more independent role. There has been at least one case where the NPC has outright rejected an initiative of the State Council and a few cases where the State Council has withdrawn or greatly modified a proposal in response to NPC opposition.

The State Council and the Communist Party of China are also tightly interlocked. With rare exceptions, State Councilors are high-ranking members of the CPC. Although, as Party members, they are supposed to follow Party instructions, because they tend to be senior members of the Party they also have substantial influence over what those instructions are. This results in a system which is unlike the Soviet practice in which the Party effectively controlled the State. Rather, the Party and State are fused at this level of government. The members of the State Council derive their authority from being members of the state, while as members of the Party they coordinate their activities and determine key decisions such as the naming of personnel.

There were attempts to separate the party and state in the late 1980s under Deng Xiaoping and Zhao Ziyang and have the Party in charge of formulating policy and the State Council executing policy, but these efforts were largely abandoned in the early 1990s.

As the chief administrative organ of government, its main functions are to formulate administrative measures, issue decisions and orders, and monitor their implementation; draft legislative bills for submission to the NPC or its Standing Committee; and prepare the economic plan and the state budget for deliberation and approval by the NPC. The State Council is the functional center of state power and clearinghouse for government initiatives at all levels. With the government's emphasis on economic modernization, the State Council clearly acquired additional importance and influence.

The State Council controls the Ministry for National Defense but does not control the People's Liberation Army, which is instead controlled by the Central Military Commission.

Members

Executive Meeting

Members of the Executive Meeting of the 13th State Council (March 2018 - March 2023)
# Portrait
Name
Birth
year
Government posts Duties Party Party positions Functional roles
1 Li Keqiang (cropped).jpg
Li Keqiang
1955 Premier Overall work of the State Council CPC Member, 19th PSC
Secretary, SC Party Group [zh]
Deputy Chairman, Central National Security Commission
Director, Central Institutional Organization Commission
Director, National Defense Mobilization Commission
Director, National Energy Commission
2 Cristina Fernández junto a Han Zheng, el alcalde de Shanghai (cropped).jpg
Han Zheng
1954 Vice Premier

(first-ranked)

Develop & reform, institutional reform, etc. CPC Member, 19th PSC
Deputy Secretary, SC Party Group [zh]
3 Sun Chunlan (22551034609) (cropped).jpg
Sun Chunlan

(female)
1950 Vice Premier Education, health, sport, etc. CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
?

?


4 Hu Chunhua.jpg
Hu Chunhua
1963 Vice Premier Agricultural and rural affairs, anti-poverty, water resources, foreign trade CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
?
?
5 Liu He
1952 Vice Premier Finance, science and technology, industry and transport CPC Member, 19th Politburo
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office
6 Wei Fenghe.jpg
General
Wei Fenghe
1954 State Councilor

Minister of National Defense

National defense mobilization, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
Member, Central Military Commission
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
Director,
7 Wang Yong
1955 State Councilor Emergency management, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group [zh]

?
?

8 Wang Yi - 2017 (36537168903) (cropped).jpg
Wang Yi
1953 State Councilor

Minister of Foreign Affairs

Foreign affairs CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
Member, Central Foreign Affairs Commission
9 Xiao Jie (cropped).jpg
Xiao Jie
1957 State Councillor

Secretary-General

In charge of the General Office CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
Secretary, SC Offices Party Group [zh]
10 Zhao Kezhi (cropped).jpg
Police Commissioner-General [zh]
Zhao Kezhi
1953 State Councillor

Minister of Public Security

Public security, etc. CPC Member, 19th Central Committee
Member, SC Party Group [zh]
Member, Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission
Member, Central National Security Commission
?

?

Plenary Meeting

The Plenary Meeting of State Council is hosted by the Premier, joined by Vice Premiers, State Councilor, Ministers (of Ministry), Ministers (in charge of Commissions), the Governor of People's Bank, the Auditor-General and the Secretary General. It usually runs bi-annually and when necessary, non-members can be invited to participate.

Organizational structure

General Office of the State Council

Cabinet-level Ministries under the Council

Cabinet-level Ministries constituting the 13th State Council (March 2018 - March 2023)
# Logo Name of Department Year Established Current Chief Party Reports To
1 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Foreign Affairs
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Wang Yi

State Councilor and Minister of Foreign Affairs
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Director of the Central Foreign Affairs Commission)
? Yang Jiechi (Director of the CFAC Office)
2 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of National Defense
1954 (of PRC) General
Wei Fenghe

(Member of the Central Military Commission)
State Councilor and Minister of National Defense
CPC General Secretary Xi Jinping (Chairman of the Central Military Commission)
3 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Development and Reform Commission (NDRC)
?
2003 He Lifeng

(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the National Development and Reform Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
4 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Education (MOE)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Chen Baosheng

Minister of Education
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
5 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Science and Technology
1998 Wang Zhigang

Minister of Science and Technology
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
6 Embelem of Ministry of Industry and Information Technology.png Ministry of Industry and Information Technology (MIIT)
?
2008 Miao Wei

Minister of Industry and Information Technology
CPC
7 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg State Ethnic Affairs Commission (SEAC)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Bagatur (Mongol)
?

(Vice-Chairman of the CPPCC National Committee)
Minister in charge of the State Ethnic Affairs Commission
CPC You Quan (Head of the CPC Central Committee United Front Work Department)
8 Police Badge,P.R.China.svg Ministry of Public Security (MPS)
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Police Commissioner-General [zh]
Zhao Kezhi

State Councilor and Minister of Public Security
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
9 Ministry of State Security of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of State Security (MSS)
1983 Chen Wenqing

Minister of State Security
CPC
10 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Civil Affairs (MCA)
1978 Huang Shuxian

Minister of Civil Affairs
CPC
11 JUSTICE OF P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Justice
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
1979 (re-established)
Fu Zhenghua

Minister of Justice
CPC Guo Shengkun (Secretary of the CPC Central Political and Legal Affairs Commission)
12 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Finance
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
Liu Kun
Minister of Finance
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
13 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security (MOHRSS)
?
2008 Zhang Jinan

Ministry of Human Resources and Social Security
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
14 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry Natural Resources
2018 Lu Hao

Minister of Natural Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Han Zheng
15 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Ecology and Environment
2018 Li Ganjie

Minister of Ecology and Environment
CPC
16 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
2008 Wang Menghui

Minister of Housing and Urban-Rural Development
CPC
17 Traffic law enforcement signs of the P.R.China.svg Ministry of Transport (MOT)
2008 Li Xiaopeng

Minister of Transport
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He
18 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Water Resources
1949 (of CPG)
1954 (of PRC)
E Jingping

Minister of Water Resources
CPC Vice-Premier Hu Chunhua
19 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
2018 Han Changfu

Minister of Agriculture and Rural Affairs
CPC
20 MINISTRY OF COMMERCE,P.R.CHINA badge.svg Ministry of Commerce (MOFCOM)
2003 Zhong Shan

Minister of Commerce
CPC
21 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Culture and Tourism
2018 Luo Shugang

Minister of Culture and Tourism
CPC Huang Kunming (Head of the CPC Central Committee Publicity Department)
22 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Health Commission
2018 Ma Xiaowei

Minister in charge of the National Health Commission
CPC Vice-Premier Sun Chunlan
23 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Veterans Affairs
?
2018 Sun Shaocheng

Minister of Veterans Affairs
CPC
24 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg Ministry of Emergency Management
2018 Wang Yupu

Minister of Emergency Management
CPC State Councilor Wang Yong
25 People's Bank of China (PBC)
1948 Yi Gang

Governor of the People's Bank of China
CPC Vice-Premier Liu He (Director of the Central Financial and Economic Affairs Commission Office)
26 National Emblem of the People's Republic of China.svg National Audit Office
1983 Hu Zejun (female)

Auditor-General of the National Audit Office
CPC Premier Li Keqiang
? Vice-Premier Han Zheng

Special Organization directly under the State Council

Organizations directly under the State Council

  1. General Administration of Customs of the People's Republic of China ()
  2. State Administration of Taxation ()
  3. State Administration for Market Regulation (?)
  4. National Radio and Television Administration ()
  5. General Administration of Sport ()
  6. National Bureau of Statistics ()
  7. China International Development Cooperation Agency ()
  8. National Healthcare Security Administration (?)
  9. Counselor's Office of the State Council ()
  10. National Government Offices Administration (), formerly the "Government Offices Administration of the State Council" (?)
  11. National Press and Publication Administration (?), additional name "National Copyright Administration" (), a name reserved by the Publicity Department of the Communist Party of China
  12. National Religious Affairs Administration (?), a name reserved by the United Front Work Department of the Communist Party of China

Administrative Offices under the State Council

  1. Hong Kong and Macau Affairs Office of the State Council (?)
  2. State Council Research Office ()
Reserved Names

Institutions directly under the State Council

State Administrations and Bureaus administrated by ministry-level agencies

  1. National Public Complaints and Proposals Administration (), administrated by the State Council General Office
  2. National Food and Strategic Reserves Administration (?), administrated by the National Development and Reform Commission
  3. National Energy Administration (), administrated by the National Development and Reform Commission
  4. State Administration of Science, Technology and Industry for National Defense (), administrated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  5. State Tobacco Monopoly Administration (?) (officially sharing its office with China National Tobacco Corporation), administrated by the Ministry of Industry and Information Technology
  6. National Immigration Administration (?), administrated by the Ministry of Public Security
  7. National Forestry and Grassland Administration (), administrated by the Ministry of Natural Resources
  8. National Railway Administration (), administrated by the Ministry of Transport
  9. Civil Aviation Administration of China (CAAC) (?), administrated by the Ministry of Transport
  10. State Post Bureau (), administrated by the Ministry of Transport, officially sharing its office with China Post Group Corporation
  11. National Cultural Heritage Administration (), administrated by the Ministry of Culture and Tourism
  12. National Administration of Traditional Chinese Medicine (), administrated by the National Health Commission
  13. National Coal Mine Safety Administration (), administrated by the Ministry of Emergency Management
  14. State Administration of Foreign Exchange (?), administrated by the People's Bank of China
  15. National Medical Products Administration (), formerly China Food and Drug Administration (CFDA) (), now administrated by the State Administration for Market Regulation
  16. National Intellectual Property Administration (?), administrated by the State Administration for Market Regulation
Names Reserved

See also

References

  1. ^ a b c d Article 85 of the Constitution of the People's Republic of China
  2. ^ "The State Council". English.peopledaily.com.cn. Archived from the original on 2014-11-22. Retrieved .
  3. ^ "The State Council". Gov.cn. Archived from the original on 2017-11-14. Retrieved .
  4. ^ "Archived copy" (PDF). Archived from the original (PDF) on 2011-10-24. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link)

External links


  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

State_Council_of_the_People's_Republic_of_China
 



 



 
Music Scenes