|State Street subway|
A Red Line train coming out of the Willow portal
|Locale||Chicago, Illinois, United States|
(average weekday Feb. 2013)
|Opened||October 17, 1943|
|Operator(s)||Chicago Transit Authority (1947–present)|
Chicago Rapid Transit Company (1943–1947)
|Line length||4.9 mi (7.9 km)|
|Electrification||Third rail, 600 V DC|
The State Street subway is an underground section of the Red Line "L" which is located in The Loop. It is 4.9 mi (7.9 km) long and has a boarding average of 53,601 passengers every weekday as of February 2013. It owes its name to State Street which it runs below. Since the subway is operated by the Red Line, it serves passengers 24 hours a day/7 days a week and 365 days a year.
The subway was notable for having the longest railway platform in North America, shared by all stations from Lake Street to Jackson Street.
The State Street subway project was funded by New Deal programs established by Franklin D. Roosevelt during the Great Depression. In 1937, the city of Chicago successfully applied for a federal grant and loan from the Works Progress Administration to fund the construction of two subway tunnels, the first of which would be built beneath State Street and the second beneath Milwaukee Avenue and Dearborn Street.
On December 17, 1938, the city of Chicago began construction of the State Street subway at the intersection of State Street and Chicago Avenue. The tunnel was buried deep to enable the use of a tunnel boring machine throughout the construction of the subway. Only brief sections were built using the "cut-and-cover' method. Unlike the Milwaukee-Dearborn subway, no delays occurred in construction and the subway opened for revenue service on October 17, 1943.
In November 1985, work began to extend the State Street subway from its original portal at 13th and State Street, where it connected to the South Side main Line, and the Englewood and Jackson Park branches, in order to connect the State Street subway to the Dan Ryan branch. The subway extension was completed by January 25, 1990, but did not immediately enter passenger service. On February 21, 1993, the CTA color-coded the lines and made the State Street subway and Dan Ryan Branch part of the present day Red Line. Trains were rerouted through the new subway extension to the Dan Ryan Branch which runs to 95th/Dan Ryan, while the South Side Elevated branch became part of the present day Green Line.
On April 13, 1992, during the Chicago flood 250,000,000 US gallons (950,000,000 l) of water poured into Chicago's subways and the basements of nearby buildings. Service through the State Street subway was stopped temporarily, while water was pumped out of the tunnels.
On November 18, 1997, the station at Lake permanently opened as an independent station, offering transfers to the elevated State/Lake station. Lake was originally part of the Washington station. On October 23, 2006, the Washington station closed due to the Block 37 project.
|State Street subway|
|Station||Location||Points of interest and notes|
|North/Clybourn||1599 N. Clybourn Avenue||Steppenwolf Theatre Company, Goose Island Brewery, Chicago History Museum, Apple Store|
|Clark/Division||1200 N. Clark Street||Newberry Library, Walter Payton College Prep High School, Gold Coast, Old Town|
|Chicago||800 N. State Street||John Hancock Center, Chicago Water Tower, Water Tower Place, Loyola University Chicago Water Tower Campus, Chicago's Uniqlo store, Moody Bible Institute, Northwestern University Feinberg School of Medicine, Museum of Contemporary Art, Holy Name Cathedral, River North, Gold Coast|
|Grand||521 N. State Street||Navy Pier, Medinah Temple, Rock N Roll McDonald's, River North, Streeterville|
|Lake||188 N. State Street||Chicago Theatre, Chicago Cultural Center, Chicago City Hall, Richard J. Daley Center, Macy's
Transfer to Blue Line, Green Line, Orange Line, Pink Line, Purple Line, and Brown Line trains; Metra Electric and South Shore Line trains via the Pedway to Millennium Station. Originally part of Washington. Was called Lake-Washington (1996–1997)
|Washington||128 N. State Street||Closed October 23, 2006; Former transfer station for Blue Line via a lower level transfer tunnel, Metra trains (Metra Electric Line), and South Shore Line|
|Monroe||26 S. State Street||Art Institute of Chicago, Carson, Pirie, Scott and Company Building|
|Jackson||230 S. State Street||Grant Park, Petrillo Music Shell, Buckingham Fountain, Harold Washington Library Center, DePaul University, Robert Morris University, John Marshall Law School, Chicago Bar Association and The Auditorium Building of Roosevelt University|
|Harrison||608 S. State Street||Columbia College Chicago, Dearborn Station, Printing House Row District, Jones College Prep|
|Roosevelt||1167 S. State Street||Field Museum, Shedd Aquarium, Adler Planetarium, Northerly Island (formerly Meigs Field), Soldier Field-Home of Chicago Bears|
|15th/Clark||TBD||Proposed station; South Loop|
The renovated station house of North/Clybourn on November 29, 2010
Inside the North/Clybourn station on November 29, 2010
The Lake street platform, May 2006
An entrance to the Chicago/State station, July 2007
The indefinitely closed Washington/State station in service from 1943 to 2006