|Unit system||CGS-ESU and gaussian|
|Unit of||electric potential, electric potential difference (voltage), and electromotive force|
|Named after||Alessandro Volta|
|In CGS base units||g1/2·cm1/2/s :26|
|SI derived units||ccgs |
The statvolt is a unit of voltage and electrical potential used in the CGS-ESU and gaussian systems of units. In terms of its relation to the SI units, one statvolt corresponds to exactly ccgs ,[Note 1] i.e. to 299.792458 volts.
It is a useful unit for electromagnetism because, in a vacuum, an electric field of one statvolt per centimetre has the same energy density as a magnetic field of one gauss. Likewise, a plane wave propagating in a vacuum has perpendicular electric and magnetic fields such that for every gauss of magnetic field intensity there is one statvolt/cm of electric field intensity.
In the CGS-EMU system, the unit of voltage is the abvolt.