|Minister of Finance|
|Minister of Foreign Affairs|
22 December 1968 - 22 December 1971
|Deputy Prime Minister|
12 December 1951 - 24 October 1956
|Born||19 May 1910|
|Died||26 May 1996 (aged 86)|
|Political party||Soviet Communist Party|
Polish United Workers' Party
|Alma mater||Stefan Batory University|
Born in Warsaw on 19 May 1910, J?drychowski hailed from a middle-class Catholic family, who owned properties and apartment houses in Wilno, then in the Russian part of Poland. His mother was of German origin.
He studied law and social science at Stefan Batory University in Wilno, graduating in 1932. Then he obtained a master's degree in law from the same university. He also received a PhD in economics. He began his political career as a radical leftist Catholic in the group called "Odrodzenie" (renaissance) when he was an undergraduate student. Then he switched to a youth organization "Legion Mlodych" (The Legion of Youth) that was founded by Józef Pi?sudski after he took over the Polish government in 1926. J?drychowski became a member of the group's regional command.
J?drychowski began his career as an assistant lecturer in economics at Stefan Batory University. In 1936, he joined the Communist Party. In September 1939, he began to work as a journalist in Wilno. Then he was named deputy editor of the local communist daily which had been published by the Soviet authorities. He became a Soviet citizen and a member of the Soviet Communist Party. Following the annexation of Lithuania to the Soviet Union he served at the Supreme Soviet as a deputy.
Later he continued his activities in the Polish committee of national liberation' (PKWN), which was formed on 22 July 1944. Shortly after he began to serve as the PKWN's representative in Moscow. He was also the Warsaw government's delegate in France in 1945. In addition, he headed the department of information and propaganda under the PKWN. From 1945 to 1947 he served as minister of navigation and foreign trade in the national unity government. Next he joined the Polish United Workers' party. And he became an alternate member of the party's central committee or politburo.
He served as the vice president or deputy prime minister at the Polish cabinet, also known as Rada Ministrów, from 12 December 1951 to 24 October 1956. He worked as the head of the planning office, Komisja Planowania, from 1956 to 1971. He was also promoted to the full membership of the party's central committee on 21 October 1956, being one of nine members. At the committee he assumed the post of chief economic advisor. He served as the minister of foreign affairs from 22 December 1968 to 22 December 1971. In December 1971, his membership at the central committee of the party ended. Next he was named minister of finance in 1971 and his term ended in 1974.