Steigen
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Steigen
Steigen kommune
View of the village of Nordskot
View of the village of Nordskot
Official logo of Steigen kommune
Nordland within
Norway
Steigen within Nordland
Steigen within Nordland
Coordinates: 67°47?54?N 15°10?19?E / 67.79833°N 15.17194°E / 67.79833; 15.17194Coordinates: 67°47?54?N 15°10?19?E / 67.79833°N 15.17194°E / 67.79833; 15.17194
CountryNorway
CountyNordland
DistrictSalten
Established1 Jan 1838
Administrative centreLeinesfjord
Government
 o Mayor (2007)Asle Schrøder (Sp)
Area
 o Total1,009.24 km2 (389.67 sq mi)
 o Land963.55 km2 (372.03 sq mi)
 o Water45.69 km2 (17.64 sq mi)  4.5%
Area rank106 in Norway
Population
(2018)
 o Total2,534
 o Rank289 in Norway
 o Density2.6/km2 (7/sq mi)
 o Change (10 years)
-5.2%
Demonym(s)Steigværing[1]
Time zoneUTC+01:00 (CET)
 o Summer (DST)UTC+02:00 (CEST)
ISO 3166 codeNO-1848
Official language formBokmål
Websitesteigen.kommune.no

Steigen 'stajgn is a municipality in Nordland county, Norway. It is part of the traditional district of Salten. The administrative centre of the municipality is the village of Leinesfjord. Other villages include Bogen, Leines, Nordfold, Nordskot, and Sørskot. Engeløy Airport, Grådussan is located in the northern part of the municipality. Måløy-Skarholmen Lighthouse is located in the Vestfjorden in the western part of the municipality. The only road access to the municipality is via the Steigen Tunnel.

Part of the old garden at Løvøy

The 1,009-square-kilometre (390 sq mi) municipality is the 106th largest by area out of the 422 municipalities in Norway. Steigen is the 289th most populous municipality in Norway with a population of 2,534. The municipality's population density is 2.6 inhabitants per square kilometre (6.7/sq mi) and its population has decreased by 5.2% over the last decade.[2][3]

General information

Steigen Sagaspill (historical play), based on an old tale
Løvøy old trading centre in Steigen

The municipality of Steigen was established on 1 January 1838 (see formannskapsdistrikt). The southern part of Steigen was separated on 1 September 1900 to form the new Ledingen Municipality. This left 2,216 residents in Steigen.

During the 1960s, there were many municipal mergers across Norway due to the work of the Schei Committee. On 1 January 1964 a major municipal merger took place. A new municipality Steigen was created by the merging the following areas:

Prior to the merger, the population of Steigen was 1,843, and after the merger, the new municipality had 4,545 residents.[4][5]

Name

The municipality (originally the parish) is named after the old Steigen farm (Old Norse: Steig), since the first Steigen Church was built there. The name is derived from the verb stíga which means "mount" or "rise" and it is referring to the high and steep mountain Steigtinden (tinden means "the peak") behind the farm.[6]

Coat of arms

The coat of arms was granted on 12 October 1988. The arms show three black-colored axe heads from the Viking Age on a gold background.[7][8]

Churches

The Church of Norway has three parishes (sokn) within the municipality of Steigen. It is part of the Salten prosti (deanery) in the Diocese of Sør-Hålogaland.

Churches in Steigen
Parish (sokn) Church Name Location of the Church Year Built
Leiranger Leiranger Church Leines 1911
Leinesfjord Chapel Leinesfjorden 1912
Sørskot Chapel Sørskot 1953
Nordfold Nordfold Church Nordfold 1976
Steigen Steigen Church Steigen (Engeløya) 1250
Bogen Chapel Bogen 1926

Geography

Brennviksanden beach and Vestfjord seen from the 1048 m high mountain Kråktind

The municipality is located along the coast of the Vestfjorden, about 100 kilometres (62 mi) north of the town of Bodø, well inside the Arctic Circle. The road to Steigen departs from European route E06 and makes use of the 8 kilometres (5.0 mi) long Steigentunnelen (see World's longest tunnels). Steigen borders Hamarøy Municipality in the north and Sørfold Municipality to the south. The Vestfjorden and Lofoten are located west of Steigen. The Sagfjorden lies on the north and the Folda fjord in the south.

The municipality is mainly located on a peninsula dissected by many fjords. Steigen also includes several islands. The largest island is Engeløya, where there are ancient burial mounds (such as Sigarshaugen) and the world's most northerly naturally occurring Hazel forest in Prestegårdsskogen Nature Reserve. The largest glacier is Helldalsisen encircling a 1,361 metres (4,465 ft) mountain. The island of Engeløya is connected to the mainland by the Engeløy Bridges and just to the north of that lies the uninhabited island of Lundøya.

Steigen winter panorama

Steigen has fertile lowlands in between the mountains and the sea. There are several archeological sites showing settlements from the Bronze age, Iron age, and Viking Age. Lakes in the region include Forsanvatnet, Hopvatnet, Makkvatnet, and Straumfjordvatnet.

Climate

The monthly 24-hr averages range from -1 °C (30 °F) in January and February to 13 °C (55 °F) in July and August, with precipitation ranging from 49 millimetres (1.9 in) in May to 146 millimetres (5.7 in) in October; annual average is 970 millimetres (38.2 in) and mean annual temperature is 5.1 °C (41 °F).[9]

Government

All municipalities in Norway, including Steigen, are responsible for primary education (through 10th grade), outpatient health services, senior citizen services, unemployment and other social services, zoning, economic development, and municipal roads. The municipality is governed by a municipal council of elected representatives, which in turn elect a mayor.[10] The municipality falls under the Salten District Court and the Hålogaland Court of Appeal.

Municipal council

The municipal council (Kommunestyre) of Steigen is made up of 17 representatives that are elected to four year terms. Currently, the party breakdown is as follows:[11]

Party Name Name in Norwegian Number of
representatives
 Labour PartyArbeiderpartiet4
 Progress PartyFremskrittspartiet1
 Conservative PartyHøyre2
 Pensioners' PartyPensjonistpartiet1
 Red PartyRødt2
 Centre PartySenterpartiet5
 Socialist Left PartySosialistisk Venstreparti1
 Liberal PartyVenstre1
Total number of members:17

References

  1. ^ "Navn på steder og personer: Innbyggjarnamn" (in Norwegian). Språkrådet. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2018). "Table: 06913: Population 1 January and population changes during the calendar year (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  3. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå. "09280: Area of land and fresh water (km²) (M)" (in Norwegian). Retrieved .
  4. ^ Jukvam, Dag (1999). "Historisk oversikt over endringer i kommune- og fylkesinndelingen" (PDF) (in Norwegian). Statistisk sentralbyrå.
  5. ^ Statistisk sentralbyrå (2001). "1848 Steigen. Population 1 January and population changes during the year. 1951-" (in Norwegian).
  6. ^ Rygh, Oluf (1905). Norske gaardnavne: Nordlands amt (in Norwegian) (16 ed.). Kristiania, Norge: W. C. Fabritius & sønners bogtrikkeri. p. 249.
  7. ^ "Kommunevåpen" (in Norwegian). Steigen Kommune. Retrieved .
  8. ^ "Civic heraldry of Norway - Norske Kommunevåpen". Heraldry of the World. Retrieved .
  9. ^ "1961-90 base period for Grøtøy, Steigen" (in Norwegian). Norges meteorologiske institutt.
  10. ^ Hansen, Tore, ed. (2016-05-12). "kommunestyre". Store norske leksikon (in Norwegian). Kunnskapsforlaget. Retrieved .
  11. ^ "Table: 04813: Members of the local councils, by party/electoral list at the Municipal Council election (M)" (in Norwegian). Statistics Norway.

External links


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