Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act of 1939
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Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act of 1939
Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act of 1939
Great Seal of the United States
Long titleAn Act to provide for the common defense by acquiring stocks of strategic and critical materials essential to the needs of industry for the manufacture of supplies for the armed forces and the civilian population in time of a national emergency, and to encourage, as far as possible, the further development of strategic and critical materials within the United States for common defense.
Acronyms (colloquial)SCMA
NicknamesNational Defense Stockpile Act of 1939
Enacted bythe 76th United States Congress
EffectiveJune 7, 1939
Citations
Public law76-117
Statutes at Large53 Stat. 811
Codification
Titles amended50 U.S.C.: War and National Defense
U.S.C. sections created50 U.S.C. ch. 5, subch. III § 98 et seq.
Legislative history
  • Introduced in the Senate as S. 572 by Elbert D. Thomas (D-UT) on February 28, 1939
  • Committee consideration by Senate Military Affairs, House Military Affairs
  • Passed the Senate on March 31, 1939 (56-13)
  • Passed the House on April 25, 1939 (Passed, in lieu of H.R. 5191)
  • Reported by the joint conference committee on May 15, 1939; agreed to by the House on June 1, 1939 (Agreed) and by the Senate on June 5, 1939 (Agreed)
  • Signed into law by President Franklin D. Roosevelt on June 7, 1939

Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act of 1939, 50 USC § 98, is a United States federal law establishing strategic materials supply reserves for the United States common defense, industrial demands, and military commitments. The Act of Congress authorize the acquisition of raw material stocks for inventory disposition, rotation, and storage within the United States.

The Senate legislation was passed by the 76th Congressional session and enacted into law by the 32nd President of the United States Franklin Roosevelt on June 7, 1939.

Provisions of the Act

The strategic war materials federal law was drafted as seven sections providing critical material supplies in the event of dependence for a national emergency or threat to the national security of the United States.

50 U.S.C. § 1 ~ Declaration of Policy
50 U.S.C. § 2 ~ Determination of Strategic and Critical Materials
Quantities of Strategic and Critical Materials
50 U.S.C. § 3 ~ U.S. Treasury Purchase Domestic Production or Supply Insufficient
Replacement of Stocks of Material Subject to Deterioration
Annual Report of Expenditures and Method of Materials Rotation
50 U.S.C. § 4 ~ Strategic and Critical Materials Use Restricted
President Order for Strategic and Critical Materials Utilization
50 U.S.C. § 5 ~ Purchases of American Materials
Period Allowed for Production and Delivery from Domestic Source
50 U.S.C. § 6 ~ Appropriation Authorized, Fiscal Years 1939-1943
50 U.S.C. § 7 ~ Investigations of Development Domestic Mineral Resources
Treatment and Utilization of Lower Grade Reserves, Substitutes, etc.
Funds Authorized for Fiscal Years 1940-1943
Specific Bureau Allotments

Amendments to 1939 Act

Amendments and authorization extensions to the Strategic and Critical Materials Stock Piling Act.

Date of Enactment Public Law Number U.S. Statute Citation U.S. Legislative Bill U.S. Presidential Administration
July 23, 1946 P.L. 79-520 60 Stat. 596 S. 752 Harry S. Truman
September 21, 1961 P.L. 87-269 75 Stat. 566 H.R. 7447 John F. Kennedy
September 28, 1962 P.L. 87-720 76 Stat. 666 H.R. 12416 John F. Kennedy
April 9, 1963 P.L. 88-8 77 Stat. 6 S. 1089 John F. Kennedy
July 14, 1964 P.L. 88-373 78 Stat. 318 H.R. 11257 Lyndon B. Johnson
July 14, 1964 P.L. 88-374 78 Stat. 319 H.R. 11004 Lyndon B. Johnson
November 17, 1971 P.L. 92-156 85 Stat. 423 H.R. 8687 Richard M. Nixon
July 30, 1979 P.L. 96-41 93 Stat. 319 H.R. 2154 Jimmy E. Carter
December 29, 1979 P.L. 96-175 93 Stat. 1289 H.R. 595 Jimmy E. Carter

See also

Byrd Amendment (1971)
Defense Logistics Agency
Defense National Stockpile Center
Foreign Economic Administration
National Strategic and Critical Minerals Production Act of 2013
Strategic National Stockpile
War reserve stock

External links


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