Stuart Freeborn
Get Stuart Freeborn essential facts below. View Videos or join the Stuart Freeborn discussion. Add Stuart Freeborn to your topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Stuart Freeborn

Stuart Freeborn
Born(1914-09-05)5 September 1914
Died5 February 2013(2013-02-05) (aged 98)
OccupationMake-up artist
Known forStar Wars
Kay (3 children)

Stuart Freeborn (5 September 1914 - 5 February 2013) was a British motion picture make-up artist.[1] He has been referred to as the "grandfather of modern make-up design"[2] and is perhaps best known for his work on the original Star Wars trilogy, most notably the design and fabrication of Yoda.[3][4][5][6]


"Stuart was already a makeup legend when he started on Star Wars. He brought with him not only decades of experience, but boundless creative energy. His artistry and craftsmanship will live on forever in the characters he created. His Star Wars creatures may be reinterpreted in new forms by new generations, but at their heart, they continue to be what Stuart created for the original films."

 --Star Wars creator George Lucas.[7]

Freeborn's earliest work in the film industry was designing the controversial hair and make-up worn by Alec Guinness, while at Denham Studios[8] as Fagin in Oliver Twist. Freeborn's most famous work is creating the make-up for all of the characters in the Star Wars trilogy, including Chewbacca and Yoda; he based Yoda on his own face and partly on Albert Einstein.[1][3][4][5] He oversaw the design of the original Jabba the Hutt puppet used in Return of the Jedi, as well as the creation of the Ewoks.[9]

Freeborn was also the make-up artist on Stanley Kubrick's 2001: A Space Odyssey, where he created the humans/apes for the "Dawn of Man" sequence. He worked on Kubrick's Dr. Strangelove, handling Peter Sellers' multiple lead roles. He also worked with Sellers in several other films, including Heavens Above!, Mr. Topaze, The Mouse that Roared, and Soft Beds, Hard Battles and he was the make-up visual supervisor in the Superman films.[10]

His wife Kay assisted her husband on several occasions; their son Graham was also a prolific make-up artist before his death in 1986.

In the Star Wars: Episode I - The Phantom Menace DVD, in one of the web documentaries, he was awarded a statue by the team at Lucasfilm.

Personal life

Freeborn died on 5 February 2013 at the age of 98 in London.[11] His wife Kay died in 2012. Freeborn's three sons - Roger, Ray and Graham - also predeceased him. Freeborn had eight grandchildren and several great-grandchildren.[4]

Selected filmography


  1. ^ a b "Star Wars make-up artist Stuart Freeborn dies aged 99". BBC News. 4 March 2012. Retrieved 2013.
  2. ^ "Stuart Freeborn - the man who designed Yoda - dies at 98". Archived from the original on 26 May 2013. Retrieved 2013.
  3. ^ a b "British make-up artist Stuart Freeborn, who created Yoda, dies aged 98". The Times. Retrieved 7 February 2013
  4. ^ a b c "Stuart Freeborn, Yoda's maker, dies".The Guardian. 7 February 2013. Retrieved 8 February 2013.
  5. ^ a b Hauptfuhrer, Fred (9 June 1980). "Yoda Mania: America Falls in Love with the 26-Inch, Green, Pointy-Eared Sage and his Master Puppeteer, Frank Oz". People. Retrieved 2012.
  6. ^ Day, Patrick Kevin (7 February 2013). "'Star Wars': Frank Oz on Stuart Freeborn, the legend behind Yoda". The Los Angeles Times. Retrieved 2013.
  7. ^ "Yoda, Chewbacca 'Star Wars' makeup artist Stuart Freeborn dead at 98". Toronto Sun. Retrieved 7 February 2013
  8. ^ "Live supplement". Daily Mail. 24 June 2012
  9. ^ "Makeup master Stuart Freeborn of 'Star Wars' dead at age 98". CNN. Retrieved 8 February 2013
  10. ^ "Stuart Freeborn". The Daily Telegraph. London. 7 February 2013.
  11. ^ "Stuart Freeborn, makeup artist behind 'Star Wars' characters Yoda and Chewbacca, dies at 98". WDBJ TV. Retrieved 2013.[permanent dead link]

External links

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.



Music Scenes