Sub-provincial City
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Sub-provincial City

A sub-provincial division (simplified Chinese: ???; traditional Chinese: ???; pinyin: fùsh?ngjí xíngzhèngq?) (or deputy-provincial divisions) in the People's Republic of China is like a prefecture-level city that is governed by a province, but is administered independently in regard to economy and law.

Sub-provincial divisions, similar to prefectural-level divisions, an administrative unit comprising, typically, a main central urban area, and its much larger surrounding rural area containing many smaller cities, towns and villages.

The mayor or chairman of a sub-provincial division is equal in status to a vice-governor of a province. Its status is below that of municipalities, which are independent and equivalent to provinces, but above other, regular prefecture-level divisions, which are completely ruled by their provinces. However, they are marked the same as other provincial capitals (or prefecture-level city if not provincial capital) in almost all maps.

Map of sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China

Map of Sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China
Map of Sub-provincial level entries in the People's Republic of China.png

Sub-provincial municipalities

The original 16 municipalities were renamed as sub-provincial municipalities on 25 February 1994 by the Central Organization Committee out of prefecture-level municipalities.[1] They are mostly the capitals of the provinces in which they are located.

Currently, there are 15 sub-provincial municipalities after Chongqing was designated direct-control:[2]

Sub-provincial municipalities of the People's Republic of China[3]
Division name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Province Abbreviation Region Population (2010 Census) Date of designation Subdivision
Changchun ? Chángch?n Jilin ? Northeast 7,677,089 1989-02-11 7 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county
Chengdu ? Chéngd? Sichuan ? Southwest 14,047,625 1989-02-11 11 districts, 4 county municipalities & 5 counties
Dalian ? Dàlián Liaoning ?(?) Northeast 6,690,432 1984-07-13 7 districts, 2 county municipalities & 1 county
Guangzhou ? Gu?ngzh?u Guangdong ? South Central 12,700,800 1984-10-05 11 districts
Hangzhou ? Hángzh?u Zhejiang ? East 8,700,400 1994-02-25 10 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties
Harbin ? H?'?rb?n Heilongjiang ? Northeast 10,635,971 1984-10-05 9 districts, 2 county municipalities & 7 counties
Jinan ? J?nán Shandong ? East 6,814,000 1994-02-25 7 districts & 3 counties
Nanjing ? Nánj?ng Jiangsu ? East 8,001,680 1989-02-11 11 districts
Ningbo ? Níngb? Zhejiang ? East 7,605,689 1987-02-24 6 districts, 2 county municipalities & 2 counties
Qingdao ? Q?ngd?o Shandong ? East 8,715,100 1986-10-15 7 districts & 3 county municipalities
Shenyang ? Sh?nyáng Liaoning ? Northeast 8,106,171 1984-07-11 10 districts, 1 county municipalitie & 2 counties
Shenzhen ? Sh?nzhèn Guangdong ?(?) South Central 10,357,938 1988-10-03 8 districts (4 new districts)
Wuhan ? W?hàn Hubei ? South Central 9,785,392 1984-05-21 13 districts
Xi'an ? X?'?n Shaanxi ? Northwest 8,467,837 1984-10-05 11 districts & 2 counties
Xiamen ? Xiàmén Fujian ? East 3,531,347 1988-04-18 6 districts

Chongqing was formerly a sub-provincial municipality of Sichuan until 14 March 1997, when it was made an independent municipality by splitting it out of Sichuan altogether. Xinjiang Production and Construction Corps also has the powers of a sub-provincial city.

Chengdu is the largest sub-provincial municipality; has a population exceeding that of the independent municipality of Tianjin while, both Harbin and Chengdu have a bigger area than Tianjin.

Sub-provincial new areas

Additionally, the head of Pudong New Area of Shanghai and Binhai New Area of Tianjin, which is a county-level district, is given sub-provincial powers.

Sub-provincial districts of the People's Republic of China[3]
Division name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Municipality Abbreviation Region Population (2010 Census) Date of designation Subdivision
Binhai New Area ???? B?nh?i X?n Q? Tianjin North 2,482,065 2009 19 Subdistricts & 7 towns (11 special township-level zones)
Pudong New Area ???? P?d?ng X?n Q? Shanghai East 5,044,430 1992 13 Subdistricts & 25 towns (6 special township-level zones)

Sub-provincial autonomous prefecture

Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture has both two prefectures of Altai and Tacheng, and 11 county-level administrative divisions under its jurisdiction, and in its legal status itself is only a prefecture-level division, which is a special case in China's administrative divisions. It is not accurate to regard Ili Kazakh Autonomous Region as a sub-provincial administrative division, which has no legal basis.

Sub-provincial autonomous prefecture of the People's Republic of China[3]
Division name Simplified Chinese Hanyu Pinyin Province Abbreviation Region Population (2010 Census) Date of designation Subdivision
Ili Kazakh Autonomous Prefecture ???????? Y?lí H?sàkè Zìzhìzh?u Xinjiang Northwest 4,305,119 1979 (2 prefectures) 5 county cities, 17 counties & 2 autonomous counties

Sub-provincial Municipal Conference

The National Joint Conference of Sub-provincial City People's Congress Standing Committee Chairpersons () are attended by the chairpersons and vice-chairpersons of all sub-provincial cities. It was proposed by the Guangzhou Municipal People's Congress in 1985. The conferences:

  1. Guangzhou (26 February - 4 March 1985)
  2. Harbin (27-31 August 1985)
  3. Wuhan (20-24 May 1986)
  4. Dalian (10-14 August 1987)
  5. Xi'an (9-13 September 1988)
  6. Shenyang (13-17 August 1990)
  7. Chongqing (22-26 November 1991)
  8. Qingdao (3-7 May 1992)
  9. Shenzhen (25-28 October 1993)
  10. Nanjing (1-4 November 1994)
  11. Changchun (21-24 May 1995)
  12. Hangzhou (20-24 October 1996)
  13. Jinan (19-25 October 1997)
  14. Xiamen (12-16 October 1998)
  15. Ningbo (17-20 October 1999)
  16. Chengdu (10-13 October 2000)
  17. Guangzhou (30 October - 3 November 2001)
  18. Harbin (23-26 July 2002)
  19. Wuhan (8-12 October 2003)
  20. Shenyang (31 August - 6 September 2004)
  21. Qingdao (6-8 September 2005)
  22. Shenzhen (20-23 October 2006)
  23. Dalian (14-16 August 2007)
  24. Xi'an (13-16 April 2009)
  25. Nanjing (18-20 October 2010)
  26. Changchun (22-25 August 2011)

References

  1. ^ . [1995]5?. . 1995-02-19. Archived from the original on 2014-05-29. Retrieved .
  2. ^ Xue Hongli () (2008-05-07). 15? ? [Prices rose in 15 sub-provincial cities, Harbin ranked fifth]. (in Chinese). Sohu. Retrieved .
  3. ^ a b c References and details on data provided in the table can be found within the individual municipality articles.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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