Subdivisions of Libya
Get Subdivisions of Libya essential facts below. View Videos or join the Subdivisions of Libya discussion. Add Subdivisions of Libya to your PopFlock.com topic list for future reference or share this resource on social media.
Subdivisions of Libya
The 3 main historical subdivisions of Libya

Subdivisions of Libya have varied significantly over the last two centuries. Initially Libya under Ottoman and Italian control was organized into three to four provinces, then into three governorates (muhafazah) and after World War II into twenty-five districts (baladiyah). Successively into thirty-two districts (shabiyat) with three administrative regions, and then into twenty-two districts (shabiyat). In 2012 the ruling General National Congress divided the country into governorates (muhafazat) and districts (baladiyat).[1][2] While the districts have been created,[3] the governorates have not.[4][5]

History

Prior to the Italian invasion of 1911, the area of Libya was administered as three separate provinces ("Vilayets") of the Ottoman Empire: Tripolitania, Fezzan, and Cyrenaica.

At first, Italy continued the tripartite administration, but soon consolidated the area into a single province/gobernatorate administered as the "Libyan Colony". Indeed, until about 1931 -when the last of the native resistance to the Italians was subdued- the area was divided into three historical regions (Tripolitania, Cyrenaica and Fezzan/"Territorio Sahara").

Then, in 1937, Italian governor Italo Balbo created the political entity called Libya. His Italian Libya was with four provinces and one territory: Tripoli, Misurata, Benghazi, Derna, (in the coastal north) and the "Territory of the Libyan Sahara" (in the Saharan south).[6]

After the French and British occupied Libya in 1943, it was again split into three provinces: Tripolitania in the northwest, Cyrenaica in the east, and Fezzan-Ghadames in the southwest.[7]

After independence, Libya was divided into three governorates (muhafazat), matching the three provinces of before, but in 1963 it was divided into ten governorates.

Provinces

The Provinces of Libya existed during the last period of colonial Italian Libya through post-independence Libya. The country was divided into provinces from 1934 in the colonial era to 1963 when the Governorates system was instituted.

Governorates

The Governorates of Libya (muhafazah) were an administrative division of Libya from 1963 until 1983. Initially there were 46 governorates-districts, called baladiyah, that were reduced to 25 in 1987.

Libyan governorates-districts ("Baladiyah") in 1987
Baladiyah Main city Population
(in 1984)
Number
(on the map)
? Butnan Tobruk 94,006 3
? Darnah Derna 105,031 14
Jabal al Akhdar Bayda 120,662 5
Marj Marj 102,763 4
Benghazi Benghazi 485,386 13
? Al Wahat Ajdabiya 100,547 1
Kufra Al Jawf 25,139 8
Sirte Sirte 110,996 21
Misratah Misrata 178,295 17
Khoms Khoms 149,642 7
Tripoli (Tarabulus) Tripoli 990,697 22
Al 'Aziziyah 'Aziziya 85,068 2
? Az Zawiyah Zawiya 220,075 12
Nuqat al Khams Zuwara 181,584 9
Gharyan Gharyan 117,073 16
Zlitan Zliten 101,107 25
Al Jufrah Waddan ? 6
Ash Shati' Brak 46,749 10
? Sabha Sabha 76,171 19
Awbari Ubari 48,701 11
Ghadamès Ghadames 52,247 15
Sawfajjin Bani Walid 45,195 20
? Mourzouq Murzuk 42,294 18
Tarhounah Tarhuna 84,640 23
? Yafran Yafran 73,420 24
Total 3,637,488

Baladiyat

In 1983, a new system was introduced dividing the country into forty-six districts (baladiyat also sometimes translated as municipalities). In 1987 this number was reduced to twenty-five.

Districts

On 2 August 1995, Libya reorganized into thirteen districts (sha`biyat - singular sha`biyah, also translated as municipalities or popularates). In 1998 this was increased to twenty-six districts (sha`biyat). In 2001 it was increased to thirty-two districts plus three administrative regions. Finally in 2007 the number was reduced to twenty-two districts.[8]

Basic People's Congresses

Under Gaddafi Libyan districts were further subdivided into Basic People's Congresses Arabic: ? ‎ (Mu'tamar sha?bi as?si ). Geographically they corresponded approximately to the level of a township or borough. In desert areas they often had an extensive land area with very low population, and were generally centered on, and named for, an oasis.

Overview

year number of divisions name of divisions
historically (Persians) 1(?) Barqa Shatrapani/Satrapy Shatrapani/satrapy
historically (Greeks) 1(?) Libya Satrapy satrapy
historically Roman Empire Roman Libya: Creta et Cyrenaica province
historically Ottoman Empire (Ottoman Tripolitania) Ottoman Tripolitania 1 vilayet
colonised territory (1st phase)
Italian North Africa,
from 1912 to 1927
1[9] (Italian Libya) or
2[10]
governorate or province
colonised territory (2nd phase)
Italian North Africa
from 1927 to 1934
2 (Italian Cyrenaica,[11]Italian Tripolitania[12])
also Fezzan?[13]
governorate or province
colonised territory (3rd phase)
Italian Libya
from 1934 to 1937
3[14] (Cyrenaica, Fezzan, Tripolitania) or
4[15] or
1[16]
province
colonised territory (4th phase)
Provinces of the Fourth Shore
within the Italian Colonial Empire
from 1937 to 1940
4[15] (Tripoli, Bengazi, Derna, Misurata) or
5[17] (along with Southern Military Territory) or
1 [16]
province[18]
colonised territory (5th phase)
after World War II
from 1943 to 1951
3[19] (Cyrenaica and Tripolitania were British; Fezzan-Ghadames was French) province
after independence in 1951-1952 (Kingdom of Libya) 3 muhafazah (governorate)
in Kingdom of Libya after 1963 and
in Libyan Jamahiriya after 1969 coup d'état
10 muhafazah (governorate)
after 1983 46 baladiyah
after 1987-1988 25 baladiyah
after 1995 13 shabiyah (district)
after 1998 26 shabiyah (district)
after 2001 32 shabiyah (district)
after 2007 22 shabiyah (district)
after 2013 99 to 108 baladiyah

See also

Notes

  1. ^ "? 59 ? 2012 ? ? ? ? ?" [Law No. 59 for the year 2012 AD on the local administration system] (PDF) (in Arabic). ? ? ? [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. Archived (PDF) from the original on 27 March 2014.
  2. ^ Bader, Mahmoud (April 2014). "Is Local Government in Libya the Solution?". Center for International Private Enterprise (CIPE). Archived from the original on 17 July 2014.
  3. ^ "? ? ? 180 ? 2013 " [Council of Ministers resolution No. 180 for the year 2013 AD the establishment of baladiyat] (PDF) (in Arabic). ? ? ? [The Central Committee for the election of baladiyah councils]. Archived from the original (PDF) on 26 March 2014.
  4. ^ Shanks, Tracy and Chemonics International Inc. (3 July 2014). "Libya Public Financial Management System Reform" (PDF). Asia Middle East Economic Growth Best Practices Project (AMEG). pp. 5-6. Archived from the original (PDF) on December 24, 2015.
  5. ^ Vandewalle, Dirk (2015). "Libya's Uncertain Revolution". In Cole, Peter; McQuin, Brian (eds.). The Libyan Revolution and its Aftermath. Oxford, England: Oxford University Press. p. 35. ISBN 978-0-19-025733-0.
  6. ^ Pan, Chia-Lin (1949) "The Population of Libya" Population Studies, 3(1): pp. 100-125, p. 104
  7. ^ "Map of Libya 1943-1951" Zentrale für Unterrichtsmedien
  8. ^ "Archived copy". Archived from the original on 2009-02-07. Retrieved .CS1 maint: archived copy as title (link) ?  – Sha'biyat of Great Jamahiriya, accessed July 6, 2007
  9. ^ Italian Libya states "Italian Libya was formed from the colonies of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania which were taken by Italy from the Ottoman Empire in 1912".
  10. ^ Italian North Africa states "from 1912 to 1934, as Tripolitania and Cyrenaica"
  11. ^ Italian Cyrenaica states "was formed in 1927" and "In 1934, Cyrenaica became part of Italian Libya". Italian Libya states "Italian Libya was formed from the colonies of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania which were taken by Italy from the Ottoman Empire in 1912 after the Italo-Turkish War of 1911 to 1912".
    Provinces of Libya states "From 1927 to 1934, the territory was split into two separate colonies, each run by their own Italian governor: Italian Cyrenaica and Italian Tripolitania".
  12. ^ Italian Tripolitania states "was formed in 1927" and "In 1934, Cyrenaica became part of Italian Libya". Italian Libya states "Italian Libya was formed from the colonies of Cyrenaica and Tripolitania which were taken by Italy from the Ottoman Empire in 1912 after the Italo-Turkish War of 1911 to 1912".
  13. ^ Italian Libya states "Both Cyrenaica and Tripolitania, along with Fezzan, were merged into Italian Libya in 1934" but Italian North Africa states "from 1912 to 1934, as Tripolitania and Cyrenaica".
  14. ^ Provinces of Libya states "In 1934 Italy adopted the name "Libya" as the official name of the reunified area, and administratively divided it up into the three provinces of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan".
  15. ^ a b Italian Libya states "In 1934, [...] the colony (made up of the three Provinces of Cyrenaica, Tripolitania and Fezzan)" but also in the same paragraph "The colony was administered among four provincial governatores [...] and the southern military territory".
  16. ^ a b Italian North Africa states "Indeed, from 1934 to 1940, Italian North Africa was then known as Libya as the North African territories were consolidated into one colony, Italian Libya". Later, the list confirms 1 division.
  17. ^ Provinces of Libya states "In 1937 Cyrenaica and Tripolitania provinces split, with northern Cyrenaica becoming Benghazi and Derna provinces, and northern Tripolitania splitting into Tripoli and Misrata. Fezzan was not split, but the whole southern desert area was militarily".
  18. ^ Italian Libya states "1939 a decree law transformed the commissariats into provinces".
  19. ^ Italian Libya states "From 1943 to 1951, Tripolitania and Cyrenaica were under British administration, while the French controlled Fezzan".
    Provinces of Libya states "French and British occupied Libya in 1943, it was again split into three provinces: Tripolitania in the northwest, Cyrenaica in the east, and Fezzan-Ghadames in the southwest".

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

Subdivisions_of_Libya
 



 



 
Music Scenes