Subhi Bey Barakat al-Khalidi
|Head of State of Syria|
29 June 1922 - 20 December 1925
|Faisal I (As King of Syria)|
Antakya, Ottoman Empire
|Died||1939 (aged 49–50)|
Subhi Bey Barakat al-Khalidi or Suphi Bereket (Arabic: ? ? Turkish: Suphi Bereket; 1889, Antioch – 1939, Turkey) was a Syrian politician from Antakya, born into a family of Turkish origin. During the French Mandate of Syria, he was the president of the Syrian Federation (29 June 1922 - 31 December 1924) and the State of Syria (1 January 1925 - 20 or, according to Sami M. Moubayed, 21 December 1925).
Part of the reason the French supported his candidacy as president of the Syrian Federation was because as neither a native of Damascus nor a very strong Arabic speaker (Turkish was his mother tongue), he did not seem to pose a nationalist threat to French rule.
Initially he was a partner of Ibrahim Hanano in his revolt. He played a major role in merging the States of Aleppo and Damascus into one state, and he quit the presidency of Syria in 1925 in protest to the French position regarding the fate of the Alawite and Druze States, which France refused to add to Syria because it feared that might endanger the independence of the newly created Lebanon.
BARAKAT, Subhi (c. 1886-) Syrian Head of State. He was born into a Turkish family in Antioch and was educated in the local secondary school.