|Commenced operations||July 1947|
|Parent company||Government of Sudan|
One of the oldest African carriers, it was formed in February 1946 and started scheduled operations in July the following year. It is a member of the International Air Transport Association, of the Arab Air Carriers Organization since 1965, and of the African Airlines Association since 1968, becoming a founding member along with another ten companies.[nb 1] As of December 2011 , Sudan Airways had 1,700 employees. The airline has been included in the list of air carriers banned in the European Union since March 2010 .
An Air Advisory Board was formed in 1945 to assess on the feasibility of starting air services in the country, recommending to set up an air company with the aid of foreign carriers that would provide their technical and management expertise. Initially, the new airline would restrict its operations to on-demand services. Sudan Airways was formed in February 1946 with the technical assistance of Airwork Limited, and the commercial support of Sudan Railways.:89
The initial fleet was composed of four de Havilland Doves, with test flights commencing in April 1947 . The first scheduled operations were launched in July the same year,:90 with the first timetable being published in September. Khartoum became Sudan Airways' hub from the very beginning. From there, the carrier started flying four different services all across the Sudanese territory, as well as to Eritrea. The first routes the company flew linked Khartoum with Asmara, Atbara, El Fashir, El Obeid, Geneina, Juba, Kassala, Malakal, and Port Sudan, all of them served by de Havilland Dove aircraft.:90 An Airwork Viking flew the Blackbushe-Khartoum long-haul route. A fifth Dove was ordered in January 1948 . That year, a route to Wadi Halfa was launched. Sudan Railways withdrew from the airline's management in 1949; the government and Airwork continued running the company thereafter.
Kassala and Asmara were removed from the airline list of destinations in 1952. In February that year, a fifth Dove was phased in. There was such a demand for flying that the toilets on the Doves were removed to make room for more seats, with these aircraft even carrying passengers in the cockpit. This prompted the airline to look for newer and bigger airliners, with the Douglas DC-3 and the de Havilland Heron being under consideration. Flown with Austers and Doves, by March 1953 the carrier was operating a domestic network that was 4,800 kilometres (3,000 mi) long. That year, the carrier incorporated the first four DC-3s into the fleet. The boost in capacity allowed the company to carry both passengers and mail, to introduce new regular routes to Cairo and Wad Medani,:91 and to carry out aerial survey tasks for the government. Also in 1953, the Chadian city of Abeche was made part of the route network, whereas regular flights to Jeddah were launched in June 1954 . Services to Athens commenced in the mid-1950s. Two more DC-3s were bought in 1956. In 1958, after taking office, the Supreme Council of the Armed Forces decided to expand the carrier's international operations.:91 A seventh DC-3 was incorporated into the fleet that year.Long-haul services started in June 1959 between Khartoum and London via Rome -the so-called "Blue Nile" service- using a Viscount 831 that was acquired new earlier that year in a joint venture with British United Airways.:91Beirut was added to the destination network in November the same year. Also in 1959, the airline joined IATA.
By April 1960 The latter aircraft was used to resume operations to Asmara in December 1960 . Aimed at replacing the DC-3s and the Doves in domestic and regional routes,:91 the airline acquired three Fokker F27s in October that year; these were delivered in early 1962, with the first of them being deployed on domestic routes, making Sudan Airways the first African airline in operating the type. Also in 1962, two Comet 4Cs were bought in May, intended as a replacement of the Viscount service; Sudan Airways had considered the acquisition of two jets for deployment on the ?Blue Nile? route since the frequency on the service was increased to twice weekly in 1961. The airline took delivery of the first Comet in November 1962 , and the second aircraft of the type was delivered a month later. Comets commenced flying the ?Blue Nile? service in January 1963 ; that year, the frequency was again increased to operate three times a week. The ?Blue Nile? service first served Frankfurt in May 1963 . Also in 1963, a fourth Friendship was ordered. In 1967, the company became a corporation run on a commercial basis;:770 also, three Twin Otters were ordered as a replacement for the DC-3s. The first of these aircraft joined the fleet in 1968;:770 the second aircraft of the type delivered to the company was the 100th produced by de Havilland Canada., the fleet included seven DC-3s, four Doves, and a Viscount 831.
By March 1970Aden, Addis Ababa, Asmara, Athens, Beirut, Cairo, Entebbe, Fort Lamy, Jeddah, London, Nairobi and Rome. At this time, the fleet was composed of two Comet 4Cs, three DC-3s, four F-27s and three Twin Otters. The last passenger DC-3 left the fleet in 1971. In 1972, the Comets were put on sale and were replaced by two Boeing 707s leased from British Midland. Sudan Airways ordered two Boeing 707-320Cs in 1973, for delivery in June and July 1974 . Pending delivery of two Boeing 737-200Cs ordered a year earlier, the two Boeing 707-320Cs were part of the fleet by March 1975 , along with five F-27s, three Twin Otters, and a single DC-3., the route network totalled 20,715 kilometres (12,872 mi), with international destinations including
The company had 2,362 employees at April 2000Airbus A300-600, one Airbus A300-600R, three Boeing 707-320Cs, one Boeing 727-200, one Boeing 737-200C and one Fokker F27-600. By this time, the airline provided scheduled services to Abu Dhabi, Addis Ababa, Al Ain, Amman, Bangui, Cairo, Damascus, Doha, Dongola, Dubai, El Fasher, El Obeid, Eldebba, Geneina, Istanbul, Jeddah, Juba, Kano, Lagos, London, Malakal, Merowe, Muscat, Ndjamena, Niamey, Nyala, Paris, Port Sudan, Riyadh, Sanaa, Sharjah, Tripoli, Wadi Haifa and Wau. In 2007, the Sudanese government privatised the airline, maintaining only a 30% stake of the national carrier. The Kuwaiti private group that owned 49% of the shares since then sold its stake back to the state in 2011., with an aircraft park that included one
In the wake of the crash of Flight 109, in June 2008 the airline was grounded following an indefinite suspension of its operating certificate by the Sudanese government, despite it was stated as not being in connection with the accident. This decision was later rolled back, and the company was allowed to resume operations.
In 2017, it was announced that the Sudanese President Omar al Bashir signed several cooperation agreements with King Salman of Saudi Arabia during a visit to Riyadh. Among the agreements was a pledge from the Saudi General Authority of Civil Aviation to restructure SAR22.5 million riyals (US$6 million) worth of debt. In addition, provisions for fleet renewal at Sudan Airways were also made. it was reported Saudi Arabia may equip the Sudan Airways with fourteen aircraft including three B777s, three A320-200s, six Embraer Regional Jets, and two A330-200s.
Following the lifting of American sanctions in 2017, Sudan Airways announced plans to revive its fleet.
In late March 2010European Union (EU) from flying into or within the member states. All the subsequent released ban lists included all airlines with an operator's certificate issued in Sudan as banned to operate into the member countries of the EU., all Sudan-based airlines were banned by the
|Date of release of ban list||Ban status||Refs|
|14 July 2009||Not banned|||
|26 November 2009||Not banned|||
|30 March 2010||Banned|||
|23 November 2010||Banned|||
|20 April 2011||Banned|||
|23 November 2011||Banned|||
|3 April 2012||Banned|||
|4 December 2012||Banned|||
|10 July 2013||Banned|||
|3 December 2013||Banned|||
|10 April 2014||Banned|||
|11 December 2014||Banned|||
|25 June 2015||Banned|||
|10 December 2015||Banned|||
|16 June 2016||Banned|||
|8 December 2016||Banned|||
|16 May 2017||Banned|||
|30 November 2017||Banned|||
|14 June 2018||Banned|||
The Sudan Airways fleet consists of the following aircraft (as of August 2016):
The company has flown the following aircraft throughout its history:
According to Aviation Safety Network, as of December 2011 Sudan Airways records 21 accidents/incidents, 7 of them leading to fatalities. The worst accident experienced by the company took place in July 2003 near Port Sudan, when 117 people lost their lives on an emergency landing. All events included in the list below carried with the hull-loss of the aircraft involved.
State-owned carrier Sudan Airways, known for its delays, has lost out to new carriers offering better service.
I.A.T.A. membership has been increased to 88 with the addition of Sudan Airways as one of 80 active members.
The first of Sudan Airways two Comet 4Cs, ST-AAW, was handed over at Hatfield [sic] three weeks ahead of schedule--on November 13.
Seen here at Schiphol is the first of three Friendship 200s for Sudan Airways which will replace the airline's seven DC-3s and four Doves on internal and regional routes.
The "Blue Nile" Viscount services operated between London and the Sudan by British United on behalf of Sudan Airways will presumably cease when the Comets are in operation next year.
Sudan Airways have ordered a fourth Friendship to be delivered in December this year.
Boeing 707-321 of British Midland on wet lease to Sudan Airways, from whom the company recently received a £3.3 million contract to operate its long-haul "Blue Nile" services from Khartoum to Europe, the Middle East and East Africa. The contract runs until the end of 1973 and covers the provision by BM of technical and management assistance. One 707 is being operated for Sudan Airways at present, but a second will be made available for charters later. Sudan Airways formerly operated its long-haul services with two Comet 4Cs, which are now being offered for sale by Shackleton Aviation
Sudan Airways is reported to have ordered two 737s for delivery next year.
Sudan Airways was privatised in June with the entry of two new investors, Kuwait's AREF Investment Group and Sudanese firm Faiha Holding Company. The carrier says AREF Investment Group is acquiring a 49% stake and Faiha Holding Company a 21% stake. The government will retain the remaining 30% stake.
A Sudan Airways DC-3 (ST-AAM) struck the wall of a house at Khartoum on February 21 during a training flight. The instructor was killed and the trainee pilot was slightly injured.
A Friendship of Sudan Airways made a forced landing during a flight from Malakal to Juba on December 6.
Survivors from the wreckage of a Fokker Friendship of Sudan Airways, which force-landed between Juba and Malakal on December 6, are now reported to be held captive by rebel tribesmen.
A Fokker F.27 of Sudan Airways, ST-ADX, overran the runway at El Obeid on May 10. There were no casualties but the aircraft was reported to be seriously damaged. It is understood that a single-engined landing had been made.
The Twin Otter which crashed near Khartoum on March 18 (Flight, last week) was ST-ADB of Sudan Airways.
Sudan Airways F.27 ST-ADW was damaged when the nosewheel collapsed during take-off from El Fasher on June 6.
The principal airways over East Africa remain busy, despite the fact that a Sudan Airways Fokker F.27 was shot down with a ground-to-air missile by the Sudan People's Liberation Army, killing the 57 passengers and three crew. The shoot-down happened on or before August 17, and was not reported immediately. The local Press claims that the missile was a Sam-7 captured from the Sudanese army. The civil flight was en route from Malakal in the south to Khartoum, which is some 500km away. The SPLA has given warnings that even relief flights are liable to attack in the southern province which it controls.