Sudetenland Medal
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Sudetenland Medal
The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (Sudetenland Medal)
Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
Sudetenland Medal.PNG
The medal's obverse (left) and reverse (right).
Awarded by Nazi Germany
TypeChest order
EligibilityMilitary personnel and others
Awarded forAwarded for participation in the occupation of Sudetenland and the occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939.
Campaign(s)Interwar period
Statistics
Established18 October 1938
First awarded18 October 1938
Last awarded31 December 1940
Total awarded1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars[1]
Sudetenland Medal Prague Castle Bar.PNG
The Prague Castle bar (Spange Prager Burg).

The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (German: Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938), commonly known as the Sudetenland Medal was a decoration of Nazi Germany awarded in the interwar period.

Description

Instituted on 18 October 1938, the medal was awarded to German military personnel who participated in the occupation of Sudetenland and the occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939.[2]

The medal was awarded to all German (and as well Sudeten) State officials and members of the German Wehrmacht and SS who marched into the Sudetenland. Later it was awarded to personnel participating in the occupation of the remnants of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939. It was awarded until 31 December 1940. In all 1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars were awarded.[1]

Design

The medal was similar in appearance as the Anschluss Medal, the reverse only differed in the date. It was designed by Professor Richard Klein. It is round and on the obverse of the medal, symbolic of becoming part of the German realm, a man holding the Nazi flag stands on a podium bearing the eagle emblem of the "Third Reich". He assists a second man onto the podium, on whose right hand a broken shackle is seen. This symbolizes the joining of the area to the Reich. On the reverse side is the inscription date "1. Oktober 1938" (1 October 1938). The date is surrounded with the words "Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Führer" (One People, One Empire, One Leader).[3]

The medal was dye-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish. The medal was suspended from a striped black, red, black ribbon and white outer stripes.[3] These being the colors of the Sudetenland.

Prague Castle Bar

For those who had participated in both the occupation of the Sudetenland and the annexation of Bohemia and Moravia on 15 March 1939, a bronze Castle Bar (Spange "Prager Burg") was approved on 1 May 1939.[4] This Bar featured the Prague Castle on the obverse with two triangular prongs in the back, which held it on the ribbon of the prior awarded Sudetenland medal. The bar, like the medal, die-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish.[5]

Notes

  1. ^ a b Angolia 1987, pp. 59, 61.
  2. ^ Angolia 1987, pp. 58, 59.
  3. ^ a b Angolia 1987, p. 59.
  4. ^ Angolia 1987, p. 60.
  5. ^ Angolia 1987, pp. 60-61.

References

  • Angolia, John (1987). For Führer and Fatherland: Military Awards of the Third Reich. R. James Bender Publishing. ISBN 0-912138-14-9.
  • Doehle, Heinrich (1995) [1943]. Medals & Decorations of the Third Reich: Badges, Decorations, Insignia. Reddick Enterprises. ISBN 0962488348.

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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