|The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (Sudetenland Medal)|
Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938
The medal's obverse (left) and reverse (right).
|Awarded by Nazi Germany|
|Eligibility||Military personnel and others|
|Awarded for||Awarded for participation in the occupation of Sudetenland and the occupation of Czechoslovakia in March 1939.|
|Established||18 October 1938|
|First awarded||18 October 1938|
|Last awarded||31 December 1940|
|Total awarded||1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars|
The Prague Castle bar (Spange Prager Burg).
The 1 October 1938 Commemorative Medal (German: Die Medaille zur Erinnerung an den 1. Oktober 1938), commonly known as the Sudetenland Medal was a decoration of Nazi Germany awarded in the interwar period.
The medal was awarded to all German (and as well Sudeten) State officials and members of the German Wehrmacht and SS who marched into the Sudetenland. Later it was awarded to personnel participating in the occupation of the remnants of Czechoslovakia on 15 March 1939. It was awarded until 31 December 1940. In all 1,162,617 medals and 134,563 bars were awarded.
The medal was similar in appearance as the Anschluss Medal, the reverse only differed in the date. It was designed by Professor Richard Klein. It is round and on the obverse of the medal, symbolic of becoming part of the German realm, a man holding the Nazi flag stands on a podium bearing the eagle emblem of the "Third Reich". He assists a second man onto the podium, on whose right hand a broken shackle is seen. This symbolizes the joining of the area to the Reich. On the reverse side is the inscription date "1. Oktober 1938" (1 October 1938). The date is surrounded with the words "Ein Volk, Ein Reich, Ein Führer" (One People, One Empire, One Leader).
The medal was dye-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish. The medal was suspended from a striped black, red, black ribbon and white outer stripes. These being the colors of the Sudetenland.
For those who had participated in both the occupation of the Sudetenland and the annexation of Bohemia and Moravia on 15 March 1939, a bronze Castle Bar (Spange "Prager Burg") was approved on 1 May 1939. This Bar featured the Prague Castle on the obverse with two triangular prongs in the back, which held it on the ribbon of the prior awarded Sudetenland medal. The bar, like the medal, die-struck and high in detail, with a bronze finish.