Suleiman Yudakov
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Suleiman Yudakov

Suleiman (Solomon) Alexandrovich Yudakov (Tajik: [?] ? ; Russian: [] ?) (14 April [O.S. 2 April] 1916 – 1990) was a Soviet Bukharian composer of Bukharan Jewish descent.

Biography

Suleiman Yudakov, a Bukharian Jew, was born in Kokand,[1] and started to devote himself to music in the orphanage where he spent three years of his childhood. His first teacher there was Mikhail Naigof. In 1932, he was accepted to the so-called rabfak (? , or workers' faculty - an educational establishment set up to prepare workers and peasants for higher education) of the Moscow Conservatory majoring as a flautist. In 1939, Suleiman Yudakov became a student in the class of Reinhold Glière[2] at the conservatory's Department of Composing. In 1941, he had to interrupt his studies due to the outbreak of the war and leave for Tashkent. From 1943 to 1946 he worked as artistic director at the Tajik State Philharmonic in Dushanbe, but then returned to Tashkent.

Compositions

In 1944, Suleiman Yudakov composed the melody of the Tajik SSR's regional anthem.[3] This melody has since been used in "Surudi Milli", the national anthem of Tajikistan.

After the war, Suleiman Yudakov composed many works, including the first Uzbek comical opera, ballets, cantatas, and symphonic music:

  • 1945 – "", a drama ("The Son" in Russian; Tajik: ?, romanizedFarzand)
  • " " (Vostochnaya poema/Eastern Poem), for violin and piano
  • "Fantasia for violin, violoncello and piano"
  • "Dancing suite" for two pianos, in three parts.

Honours

References

  1. ^ Ho, Allan; Feofanov, Dmitry, eds. (1989). "Yudakov, Solomon Aleksandrovich". Biographical Dictionary Of Russian/Soviet Composers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 608.
  2. ^ Ho, Allan; Feofanov, Dmitry, eds. (1989). "Yudakov, Solomon Aleksandrovich". Biographical Dictionary Of Russian/Soviet Composers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 608.
  3. ^ Ho, Allan; Feofanov, Dmitry, eds. (1989). "Yudakov, Solomon Aleksandrovich". Biographical Dictionary Of Russian/Soviet Composers. Westport, CT: Greenwood Press. p. 608.

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