Sultan of Oman
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Sultan of Oman
Sultan of Oman
?
Royal Standard of Oman.svg
Incumbent
Secretary Pompeo Meets with the Sultan of Oman Haitham bin Tariq Al Said (49565463757) (cropped).jpg
Haitham bin Tariq Al Said
since 11 January 2020
Details
StyleHis Majesty
Heir apparentNone currently designated
First monarchAl-Julanda bin Mas'ood (imamate)
Ahmad bin Said (as Sultan)
Formation751 (imamate)
1744 (Al Busaid Dynasty)
ResidenceAl Alam Palace
Websitewww.oman.om

The Sultan of the Sultanate of Oman is the monarch and head of state of Oman. It is the most powerful position in the country. The sultans of Oman are members of the Al Busaidi dynasty, which is the ruling family of Oman since the mid-18th century.

Since 11 January 2020, Haitham bin Tariq Al Said has been the current sultan.[1]

List of Imams (751-1959)

Imams Tribe Residence Began to reign Reference
Transliteration of the Arab names Names in Arab script
Al-Julanda bin Mas'ood ? Azd ? 751 [2]
Mohammed bin Abi Affan ? ? Azd Nizwa ? [3]
Al-Warith bin Ka'ab Yahmad Nizwa 801 [4]
Ghassan bin Abdullah ? ? Yahmad Nizwa 807 [5]
Abdulmalik bin Humaid ? Azd ? 824 [6]
Al-Muhanna bin Jayfar ? Yahmad Nizwa 840 [7]
Al-Salt bin Malik ? Azd ? 851 [8]
Rashid bin Al-Nadhar ? ? ? 886 [9]
Azzan bin Tamim ? ? ? Nizwa 890 [10]
Mohammed bin Al-Hassan ? Azd ? 897 [11]
Azzan bin Al-Hazbar ? Yahmad ? 898 [12]
Abdullah bin Mohammed ? ? ? ? 899 [13]
Al-Salt bin Al-Qasim ? ? 900 [14]
Al-Husn bin Said ? ? ? 900 [15]
Al-Hawari bin Matraf ? ? ? ? 904 [16]
Omar bin Mohammed ? ? ? 912 [17]
Mohammed bin Yazid ? ? Kinda ? ? [18]
Al-Hakm bin Al-Milaa Al-Bahri ? Nizwa ? [19]
Said bin Abdullah ? ? ? ? 939 [20]
Rashid bin Waleed ? ? Nizwa ? [21]
Al-Khalil bin Shadhan ? ? 1002 [22]
Rashid bin Said ? ? ? ? 1032 [23]
Hafs bin Rashid ? ? ? 1068 [24]
Rashid bin Ali ? ? ? 1054 [25]
Musa bin Jabir ? ? ? Nizwa 1154 [26]
Malik bin Aly ? ? ? 1406 [27]
Salim bin Rashid Al Kharusi Azdi, Yamani, Qahtani ? 1913 - 1919
Muhammad ibn Abdullah Al Khalili ? 1919 - 1954
Ghalib Alhinai ? 1954 - 1959

List of Imams (1406-1749)

Nabhani dynasty (1406-1624)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Makhzum bin al Fallah No image.png 1406 1435
Abul Hassan of Oman No image.png 1435 1451
Omar bin al Khattab No image.png 1451 1490
Omar al Sharif No image.png 1490 1500
Muhammad bin Ismail No image.png 1500 1529 Portuguese protectorate imposed on 15 April 1515.
Barakat bin Muhammad No image.png 1529 1560
Abdulla bin Muhammad No image.png 1560 1624

Yaruba dynasty (1624-1749)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Nasir bin Murshid No image.png 1624 1649
Sultan bin Saif No image.png 1649 1679 Portuguese protectorate ended with their expulsion on 1 January 1650.
Bil'arab bin Sultan No image.png 1679 1692
Saif bin Sultan No image.png 1692 1711
Sultan bin Saif II No image.png 1711 1718
Saif bin Sultan II No image.png 1718 1719
Muhanna bin Sultan No image.png 1719 1720
Saif bin Sultan II No image.png 1720 1722 Second reign
Ya'arab bin Bel'arab No image.png 1722 1722
Saif bin Sultan II No image.png 1722 1724 Third reign
Muhammad bin Nasir No image.png 1724 1728 Not a member of the dynasty
Saif bin Sultan II No image.png 1728 1742 Fourth reign; at first in the coastal area only
Bal'arab bin Himyar No image.png 1728 1737 First reign; in the interior
Sultan bin Murshid No image.png 1742 1743
Bal'arab bin Himyar No image.png 1743 1749 Second reign; in the interior

List of Sultans

Al Busaidi dynasty (1749-present)

Name Portrait Reign start Reign end Notes
Ahmad bin Said No image.png 10 June 1749 15 December 1783 From 1744 in the coastal region
Said bin Ahmad No image.png 15 December 1783 1784 Last direct male descendant of Al Bu Said to hold the office of Imam. He abdicated secular power to his son Hamad and retired to Rustaq where he died in 1803.[28]
Hamad bin Said No image.png 1784 13 March 1792
Sultan bin Ahmad No image.png 13 March 1792 20 November 1804
Salim bin Sultan No image.png 20 November 1804 14 September 1806 Co-Rulers
Said bin Sultan Said Bin Sultan.jpg
14 September 1806 19 October 1856 Sole Ruler
Thuwaini bin Said No image.png 19 October 1856 11 February 1866 Killed
Salim bin Thuwaini No image.png 11 February 1866 3 October 1868 Deposed
Azzan bin Qais No image.png 3 October 1868 30 January 1871 Killed
Turki bin Said Turki ibn Said.jpg 30 January 1871 4 June 1888
Faisal bin Turki Faysal bin Turki.jpg 4 June 1888 9 October 1913 British protectorate imposed on 20 March 1891.[29][30]
Taimur bin Feisal 9 October 1913 10 February 1932 Abdicated. Died in exile in India on 28 January 1965.
Said bin Taimur 10 February 1932 23 July 1970 Deposed in the 1970 Omani coup d'état. Died in exile in the United Kingdom on 19 October 1972.
Qaboos bin Said Sultan Qaboos bin Said.jpg 23 July 1970 10 January 2020 British protectorate ended on 2 December 1971.
Haitham bin Tariq Secretary Pompeo Meets with the Sultan of Oman Haitham bin Tariq Al Said (49565463757) (cropped).jpg 11 January 2020 Incumbent

Succession

Unlike the heads of other Arab states of the Persian Gulf, Qaboos did not publicly name an heir. Article 6 of the constitution says the royal family should choose a new sultan within three days of the position falling vacant. If the royal family council fails to agree, a letter containing a name penned by Sultan Qaboos should be opened in the presence of a defence council of military and security officials, supreme court chiefs, and heads of the two quasi-parliamentary advisory assemblies.[31] Analysts saw the rules as an elaborate means of Sultan Qaboos securing his choice for successor without causing controversy by making it public during his lifetime, since it was considered unlikely that the royal family would be able to agree on a successor on its own.[31]

Qaboos had no children nor siblings; there are other male members of the Omani royal family including paternal uncles and their families. Using same-generation primogeniture, the successor to Qaboos would appear to be the children of his late uncle, Sayyid Tariq bin Taimur Al Said, Oman's first prime minister before the sultan took over the position himself (and his former father-in-law). Oman watchers believed the top contenders to succeed Qaboos were three of Tariq's sons: Assad bin Tariq Al Said, Deputy Prime Minister[32] for International Relations and Cooperation[33] and the Sultan's special representative; Shihab bin Tariq, a retired Royal Navy of Oman commander; and Haitham bin Tariq Al Said, the Minister of Heritage and National Culture.[31][34]

On 11 January 2020, Oman state TV said authorities had opened the letter by Sultan Qaboos bin Said naming his successor, announcing shortly that Haitham bin Tariq is the country's ruling sultan.[35] Haitham bin Tariq has two sons and two daughters.[36][37]

Standard of the Sultan

See also

References

General
  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (Pre-Islam - 12th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2011-06-22. Retrieved .
  • "Oman's Rulers Through History (13th Century AD - 18th Century AD)". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-09-26. Retrieved .
  • "The Al Bu Said Dynasty". Ministry of Information of the Sultanate of Oman. Archived from the original on 2010-05-12. Retrieved .
Specific
  1. ^ "Oman's new ruler Haitham bin Tariq takes oath: newspapers". Reuters. 11 January 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  2. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 7
  3. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 9
  4. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 10
  5. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 12
  6. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 15
  7. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 16
  8. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  9. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 19
  10. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 20
  11. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  12. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 25
  13. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  14. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  15. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  16. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 26
  17. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 27
  18. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 28
  19. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  20. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 29
  21. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 30
  22. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  23. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  24. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  25. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 35
  26. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  27. ^ Salil-Ibn Razik 1871, p. 36
  28. ^ Rentz, George (1997) Oman and the south-eastern shore of Arabia Ithaca Press, Reading, Berkshire, United Kingdom : pages 204-205, ISBN 0-86372-199-0
  29. ^ See Persian Gulf Residency
  30. ^ Oman
  31. ^ a b c Dokoupil, Martin (24 May 2012). "Succession Question Fuels Uncertainty in Oman". Reuters. Retrieved 2012.
  32. ^ "In Oman, a train-of-succession mystery: Who follows Qaboos?". 17 April 2017 – via Christian Science Monitor.
  33. ^ "Here is why Social Development Ministry honoured 32 private firms". Times of Oman. Retrieved .
  34. ^ "Sultan Qaboos of Oman dies aged 79". 11 January 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  35. ^ "Oman names culture minister as successor to Sultan Qaboos". AP NEWS. 11 January 2020. Retrieved 2020.
  36. ^ "Oman's new ruler chosen to provide continuity". 11 January 2020 – via www.reuters.com.
  37. ^ "Who is the new Sultan of Oman?". Tehran Times. 13 January 2020.

Bibliography

  • Salil-Ibn Razik (2004) [First published 1871]. ? ? [History of the Imams and Seyyids of Oman]. trans. Reverend George Percy Badger. Kessinger Publishing. ISBN 978-1-4179-4787-4.

External links


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