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Suphan Buri Tutelary Shrine
Map of Thailand highlighting Suphan Buri Province
|o Governor||Suphiphat Chongphanit (since October 2013)|
|o Total||5,358 km2 (2,069 sq mi)|
|Area rank||Ranked 40th|
|o Rank||Ranked 24th|
|o Density||160/km2 (410/sq mi)|
|o Density rank||Ranked 18th|
|Time zone||UTC+7 (ICT)|
|ISO 3166 code||TH-72|
Suphan Buri (Thai: ?, pronounced [sù.pn b?r?:]) is one of the central provinces (changwat) of Thailand. Neighbouring provinces are (from north clockwise) Uthai Thani, Chai Nat, Sing Buri, Ang Thong, Phra Nakhon Si Ayutthaya, Nakhon Pathom and Kanchanaburi.
The word suphan originates from the Sanskrit word Suvarna (Devanagari: ), meaning 'gold', and the word buri from Sanskrit pur? (Devanagari: ?), meaning 'town' or 'city'. Hence the name of the province literally means 'city of gold'.
The terrain of the province is mostly low river plains, with small mountain ranges in the north and the west of the province. The southeastern part with the very low plain of the Tha Chin River is paddy rice farming area.
Suphan Buri might be the site of the legendary Suvarnabhumi, which is mentioned in very old Buddhist writings. However the first confirmed historical settlement was in the Dvaravati period, when the city was known as Meuang Thawarawadi Si Suphannaphumi ('the Dvaravati city of Suvarnabhumi'). Its founding took place c. 877-882. Later it was called U Thong, and was the home city of Prince U Thong, the founder of the Ayutthaya Kingdom. King Khun Luang Pha Ngua gave it the current name. Suphan Buri was a border city, and the site of several battles with the neighbouring Burmese.
Suphan Buri is at the end of a 157 kilometres (98 mi) branch line of the State Railway of Thailand's Southern Line, officially terminating at Suphan Buri Railway Station. The branch meets the main line at Nong Pladuk Junction near Ban Pong.
Route 340 passes through Suphan Buri, leading north to Chai Nat and south to Bang Bua Thong. Route 321 leads west and then south to Nakhon Pathom. Route 329 leads east to Bang Pahan. Route 3195 leads north-east to Ang Thong.