The Swedish Institute in Rome (Swedish: Svenska Institutet i Rom, Italian: Istituto Svedese di studi classici a Roma) is a research institution that serves as the base for archaeological excavations and other scientific research in Italy. It also pursues academic instruction in archaeology and art sciences as well as arranging conferences with themes of interest to the institute. The Institute has at its disposal a building in central Rome with a relatively well-supplied library, archaeological laboratory and around twenty rooms and smaller apartments for the use of visiting researchers and holders of scholarships.
The Institute has conducted several major excavations. Before World War II, excavations were carried out on the Forum Romanum among other places, but since then most of them have taken place in southern Etruria.