|Country (sports)|| West Germany (1959-1990)|
|Residence||La Manga, Spain|
|Born||30 November 1959|
Munich, West Germany
|Height||1.73 m (5 ft 8 in)|
|Plays||Left-handed (one handed-backhand)|
|Prize money||US$ 454,347|
|Highest ranking||No. 5 (12 September 1983)|
|Grand Slam Singles results|
|Australian Open||QF (1983)|
|French Open||F (1981)|
|Wimbledon||4R (1982, 1987)|
|US Open||QF (1979, 1981, 1983, 1984)|
|Tour Finals||W (1982)|
|Highest ranking||No. 92 (14 August 1989)|
Sylvia Hanika (born 30 November 1959) is a former professional tennis player from Germany. She is best remembered for finishing runner-up at the French Open in 1981, and for winning the Year End Championships in 1982. She was ranked as high as No. 5 in the world and played left-handed.
Hanika turned professional in 1977. In 1981, Hanika reached the women's singles final at the French Open, where she was defeated 6-2, 6-4 by Hana Mandlíková.
In 1982, Hanika posted the biggest win of her career when she defeated world No. 2 Martina Navratilova 1-6, 6-3, 6-4 in the final of the Avon Series Championships at Madison Square Garden in New York City. The Garden was also the site of Hanika's last big singles win: a 6-4, 6-4 defeat of No. 3 Chris Evert in the first round of the Virginia Slims Championships in 1987.
Hanika won her final top-level singles title in Athens in 1986. She retired from the tour in 1990, having won six professional singles titles and one doubles title.
Between serves she was known to bounce the ball more than anyone tennis commentator and historian Bud Collins remembers: ". . . as many as into the 30s. If she faulted on the first, it was awful, another 30 or so bounces."
|Runner-up||1981||French Open||Clay||Hana Mandlíková||2-6, 4-6|
|Winner||1982||New York City||Carpet (I)||Martina Navratilova||1-6, 6-3, 6-4|
|Runner-up||1.||17 July 1978||Båstad||Clay||Elly Appel-Vessies||2-6, 4-6|
|Runner-up||2.||24 July 1978||Kitzbühel||Clay||Virginia Ruzici||4-6, 3-6|
|Runner-up||3.||20 November 1978||Christchurch||Grass||Regina Mar?íková||2-6, 1-6|
|Winner||1.||22 January 1979||Boise||Carpet (I)||Sherry Acker||6-3, 6-2|
|Runner-up||4.||7 May 1979||Rome||Clay||Tracy Austin||4-6, 6-1, 3-6|
|Runner-up||5.||18 July 1979||Kitzbühel||Clay||Hana Mandlíková||6-2, 5-7, 3-6|
|Runner-up||6.||19 January 1981||Cincinnati||Carpet (I)||Martina Navratilova||2-6, 4-6|
|Winner||2.||23 February 1981||Seattle||Carpet (I)||Barbara Potter||6-2, 6-4|
|Runner-up||7.||25 May 1981||French Open||Clay||Hana Mandlíková||2-6, 4-6|
|Runner-up||8.||13 July 1981||Kitzbühel||Clay||Claudia Kohde-Kilsch||5-7, 6-7|
|Winner||3.||20 July 1981||Monte Carlo||Clay||Hana Mandlíková||2-6, 6-3, 5-6 ab.|
|Runner-up||9.||1 March 1982||Los Angeles||Carpet (I)||Mima Jau?ovec||2-6, 6-7(4-7)|
|Winner||4.||24 March 1982||Avon Championships||Carpet (I)||Martina Navratilova||1-6, 6-3, 6-4|
|Runner-up||10.||3 January 1983||Washington||Carpet (I)||Martina Navratilova||1-6, 1-6|
|Runner-up||11.||10 January 1983||Houston||Carpet (I)||Martina Navratilova||3-6, 6-7(5-7)|
|Runner-up||12.||21 February 1983||Oakland||Carpet (I)||Bettina Bunge||3-6, 3-6|
|Runner-up||13.||14 March 1983||Boston||Carpet (I)||Wendy Turnbull||4-6, 6-3, 4-6|
|Runner-up||14.||26 September 1983||Hartford||Carpet (I)||Kim Shaefer||4-6, 3-6|
|Winner||5.||22 October 1984||Brighton||Carpet (I)||JoAnne Russell||6-3, 1-6, 6-2|
|Winner||6.||15 September 1986||Athens||Clay||Angelikí Kanellopoúlou||7-5, 6-1|
|Runner-up||15.||9 February 1987||San Francisco||Carpet (I)||Zina Garrison||5-7, 6-4, 3-6|
|Runner-up||16.||24 August 1987||Mahwah||Hard||Manuela Maleeva||6-1, 4-6, 1-6|
|Runner-up||17.||29 February 1988||Wichita||Hard (I)||Manuela Maleeva||6-7(5-7), 5-7|
|Runner-up||18.||18 July 1988||Aix-en-Provence||Clay||Judith Wiesner||1-6, 2-6|
|Runner-up||1.||20 November 1978||Christchurch||Grass||Katja Ebbinghaus|| Lesley Hunt
|Runner-up||2.||21 January 1980||Chicago||Carpet (I)||Kathy Jordan|| Billie Jean King
|Winner||1.||28 November 1988||Adelaide||Hard||Claudia Kohde-Kilsch|| Lori McNeil
|7-5, 6-7(4-7), 6-4|
|Australian Open||A||A||A||A||3R||A||A||QF||2R||A||NH||4R||4R||1R||A||0 / 6|
|French Open||A||1R||1R||3R||F||2R||3R||3R||4R||1R||4R||4R||4R||2R||0 / 13|
|Wimbledon||A||2R||3R||2R||1R||4R||3R||1R||2R||1R||4R||3R||1R||A||0 / 12|
|US Open||A||1R||QF||3R||QF||A||QF||QF||3R||2R||4R||3R||3R||2R||0 / 12|
|SR||0 / 0||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 3||0 / 2||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 3||0 / 3||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 4||0 / 2||0 / 43|
SR = the ratio of the number of Grand Slam singles tournaments won to the number of those tournaments played.
Note: The Australian Open was held twice in 1977, in January and December.