Syngnathus Temminckii
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Syngnathus Temminckii

Longsnout pipefish
Syngnathus temminckii, South African longsnout pipefish.jpg
Scientific classification edit
Kingdom: Animalia
Phylum: Chordata
Class: Actinopterygii
Order: Syngnathiformes
Family: Syngnathidae
Genus: Syngnathus
Species:
S. temminckii
Binomial name
Syngnathus temminckii
Kaup, 1856
Synonyms
  • Syngnathus rubescens Risso, 1810
  • S. brachyrhynchus Kaup, 1856
  • S. delalandi Kaup, 1856
  • S. alternans Günther, 1870

Syngnathus temminckii (longsnout pipefish) is the most common pipefish in southern African estuaries, ranging from Walvis Bay (Namibia) to the Tugela River on the east coast of South Africa.[1]

Biology

This species is common in estuaries, usually in eelgras beds, but has also been found offshore to depths of 110 m.[1] Sexual maturity is reached at 12 cm, and breeding occurs from March to November. Males carry the developing embryos in a brood pouch on their belly.[1]

Taxonomy

Syngnathus temminckii was until recently synonymised with the European species S. acus Linnaeus, 1758 (greater pipefish), but morphological data show that it is distinct.[2] Genetic data further indicate that it is not even the sister taxon of S. acus, but of another southern African species, the critically endangered estuarine pipefish, S. watermeyeri.[2]

References

  1. ^ a b c Heemstra, P.C. (2004) Coastal Fishes of Southern Africa. NISC (PTY) LTD
  2. ^ a b Mwale, M., Kaiser, H., Barker, N.P., Wilson, A.B. & Teske, P.R. (2013) Identification of a uniquely southern African clade of coastal pipefishes (Syngnathus spp.). Journal of Fish Biology

  This article uses material from the Wikipedia page available here. It is released under the Creative Commons Attribution-Share-Alike License 3.0.

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